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Entomophagy

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yopevic civepoy

on 11 April 2014

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Transcript of Entomophagy

Entomophagy
Water Efficiency
1kg beef = 15,415l-22,000l
1kg pork = 3,500l-5,988l
1kg chicken meat = 2,300l-4,325l
Entomophagy (from Greek ἔντομον éntomon, "insect", and φᾰγεῖν phagein, "to eat")
the practice of eating insects, arachnids, myriapods not including crustaceans
Insects as Food Source
Insects as feeding source
Culture
Result
CRISIS
World Hunger
† 3,100,000 children in 2013
http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2013/jan/10/how-much-water-food-production-waste#data
Greenhouse Gases
Feed Conversion
Bread Riots
2007-2008 grain prices increased
Egypt's bread prices rose 37%
lead to fall of President Mubarak in 2011
food was a catalyst
http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2011/jul/17/bread-food-arab-spring
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?newsID=20772&CR1=warning#.UzgRk1eSAj4
Land Usage
raising animals for food uses up to 30% of the Earth’s land mass

Variety of Insects
Insects provide high-quality protein and nutrients
as a food supplement
high in fatty acids
rich in fibre copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorous, selenium zinc and
lysine
Black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens)
Mealworm (Tenebrio molitor)
Silkworm pupae meal
could feed cattle, fish, poutrey
Entomophagy - Just a Food Alternative or the Answer to the Upcoming Global Food and Feeding Crisis?
South East Asia
Western society
no term
normal food source
society starts to dislike "not western" food traditions
destroys western agriculture -> bad
insects failed to gain much traction in the West -> besides honeybees, silkworms
but insects are eaten as delicacy
g
(per 100g)
80% of ammonia that the U.S. produces comes from animal excrement
Cultural Impediments
Obvious problems
Resulting Problems
Sushi as Example
Insects as Food Alternative
"Even these of them ye may eat; the locust after his kind, and the bald locust after his kind, and the beetle after his kind, and the grasshopper after his kind."
-Leviticus 11:22
raw fish was not accepted in the Western society
sushi was introduced as delicacy
nowadays sushi is a popular food source
1kg insects = 10l
Energy Use
1,900 species have reportedly been used as food
part of the traditional diet of at least 2 billion people
Entomophagy
38 different caterpillar species
low risk of transmitting zoonotic disease
H1N1 (bird flu)
BSE (mad cow disease)
Sources
Insects are used as food alternative
Insects are used as feeding source
Insects could help provide us with protein
842,000,000
(500,000,000 in Asia)
45% die due to poor nutrition
Books/Booklets:
By the Food and Agriculture Organisation:
http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3264g/i3264g00.pdf
http://foris.fao.org/preview/22895-01cdb0892b339068b3be6e20e58d6288c.pdf
http://foris.fao.org/preview/31654-08b9c12f60eda84d122b1ad454c381bb4.pdf
http://www.fao.org/docrep/017/i3024e/i3024e.pdf
http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3253e/i3253e.pdf
http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3264e/i3264e00.pdf
All these pdf. files are great sources for information. They helped me to really get to the point and stick to numbers and facts.
Books:
Man Eating Bugs: The Art and Science of Eating Insects by Peter Menzel
Peter Menzel shows the diversity of food in different cultures and introduced me to Entomophagy.
Brockhaus Encyclopedia
What are insects? History of Entomophagy.


Newspapers:
http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/175922/icode/
This is an article by the Food and Agriculture Organisation that shows how forests products (like insects) are critical to fight hunger



(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entomophagy)
A general but unreliable source.
http://www.hellawella.com/grab-some-grub-nutrition-values-for-edible-bugs-infographic/23017
http://www.hellawella.com/sites/hellawella.com/files/2013/06/Eats_EntomophagyInfographic_Large.jpg
This is an infographic showing how much protein and fat different insects are made up.
http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2006/nov/13/foodanddrink.uk
This article describes how insects are eaten in countries like Thailand.
http://www.theverge.com/2013/7/25/4557988/insect-breeding-station-turns-fly-larvae-into-an-edible-source-of
http://edibug.wordpress.com/list-of-edible-insects/
Different edible insects.

http://www.ted.com/talks/marcel_dicke_why_not_eat_insects.html
http://www.fao.org/forestry/edibleinsects/en/
http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/175922/icode/
http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3264g/i3264g00.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entomophagy
http://www.foodinsectsnewsletter.org/
http://www.entomophagy.info/
http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3264e/i3264e00.pdf
http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3253e/i3253e.pdf
http://www.hellawella.com/grab-some-grub-nutrition-values-for-edible-bugs-infographic/23017
http://www.fao.org/forestry/edibleinsects/en/
http://www.fao.org/forestry/edibleinsects/84629/en/
http://www.theverge.com/2013/7/25/4557988/insect-breeding-station-turns-fly-larvae-into-an-edible-source-of
http://www.thailandunique.com/edible-insects-bugs
http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2006/nov/13/foodanddrink.uk
http://www.edibleunique.bigcartel.com/product/bush-tucker-trial-taster
http://www.thailandunique.com/edible-insects-bugs

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/01/03/should-we-try-eating-bugs-ted-ed_n_4538382.html?utm_hp_ref=food&ir=Food
http://www.berlin.de/imperia/md/content/sen-bildung/bildungswege/schulabschluesse/handreichung_5pk.pdf?start&ts=1332428011&file=handreichung_5pk.pdf

http://www.pinterest.com/tutorruari/entomophagy-project/
http://edibug.wordpress.com/list-of-edible-insects/


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insect
http://www.google.de/imgres?client=firefox-a&hs=HGR&sa=X&rls=org.mozilla%3Ade%3Aofficial&channel=sb&biw=1360&bih=619&tbm=isch&tbnid=JmmDMR4QgAk6QM%3A&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.economist.com%2Fblogs%2Fgraphicdetail%2F2013%2F05%2Fdaily-chart-11&docid=aEDn5_r78dWFiM&imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fcdn.static-economist.com%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles%2Fimagecache%2Ffull-width%2Fimages%2F2013%2F05%2Fblogs%2Fgraphic-detail%2F20130518_gdc960.png&w=595&h=798&ei=bvwuU86QGIqPtAa6iIBQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=738&page=1&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=0CIQBEK0DMA8
http://www.google.de/imgres?client=firefox-a&hs=SHR&sa=X&rls=org.mozilla%3Ade%3Aofficial&channel=sb&biw=1360&bih=619&tbm=isch&tbnid=-o5U7suYUCI02M%3A&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwebecoist.momtastic.com%2F2013%2F06%2F19%2Ffarm-your-own-edible-insects-with-this-cool-terrarium%2F&docid=LObYultMGtK0wM&imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwebecoist.momtastic.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2013%2F06%2FEdible-Insects-Terrarium-4.jpg&w=468&h=263&ei=t_wuU7WLB5DGtAaa3oCwCw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=710&page=3&start=42&ndsp=24&ved=0CIsCEK0DMDo
http://www.google.de/imgres?client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla%3Ade%3Aofficial&channel=sb&biw=1360&bih=619&tbm=isch&tbnid=RoB4-v-9c92zGM%3A&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fentomoproject.eu%2Fnutrition.html&docid=OkK-dDQg36JutM&imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fentomoproject.eu%2Fimages%2Finfographic_nutrition.png&w=940&h=1467&ei=c_8uU63CJ4Xnswb504HgDg&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=279&page=3&start=45&ndsp=25&ved=0CJoCEK0DMEA
http://www.seattleglobalist.com/2013/09/20/seattles-bug-chef-promotes-insect-diet/16587
http://www.wfp.org/hunger/stats
http://www.scoberlin.de/pruefungstermine?PHPSESSID=d4f8534a4ea4c7355617057c9088909d
http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2013/jan/10/how-much-water-food-production-waste#data

http://manytools.org/handy/bmr-calculator/go
https://feedingninebillion.com/edible-insects-and-food-security
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?newsID=20772&CR1=warning#.UzgRk1eSAj4
http://ccafs.cgiar.org/bigfacts2014/#theme=food-emissions
http://ccafs.cgiar.org/bigfacts2014/#theme=food-emissions&subtheme=direct-agriculture
http://ccafs.cgiar.org/bigfacts2014/#theme=food-emissions
http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/datablog/2013/oct/01/world-hunger-global-goals-un
http://www.cnbc.com/id/101072969
http://www.fao.org/docrep/016/ap106e/ap106e.pdf
http://prezi.com/ytqq9q3-fild/edit/#3
https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1nlK3sumvrB9qX_fZF5xVo9OguVcgDuiaXGJfs0M1K84/present?pli=1&ueb=true#slide=id.p15
http://www.bigoven.com/article/recipe/gross-foods-entomophagy
Cricket
Poultry
Pork
Beef
to produce 1kg of Protein
to produce 1kg of Protein
to produce 1kg of Protein
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