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Multiple Personality Disorder
Transcript of Multiple Personality Disorder
and Angela Shermetaro MPD/DID Defined: The existence in an individual of two or more distinct personalities, with at least two of the personalities controlling the patient's behavior in turns. The host personality usually is totally unaware of the alternate personalities; alternate personalities may or may not have awareness of the others. The "alters" or different identities have their own age, gender, or race. Each has his or her own postures, gestures, and distinct way of talking. Sometimes the alters are imaginary people; sometimes they are animals. The name was changed from "Multiple Personality Disorder" to "Dissociate Identity Disorder" in the DSM IV Women may average 15 personalities. Men average 8. Symptoms: Along with dissociation and multiple or split personalities people also may expierence these symptoms: • Depression
• Mood swings
• Suicidal tendencies
• Sleep disorders (insomnia, night terrors, and sleep walking)
• Anxiety, panic attacks, and phobias (flashbacks, reactions to stimuli or "triggers")
• Eating disorders
• Alcohol and drug abuse
• Compulsions and rituals
• Psychotic-like symptoms (including auditory and visual hallucinations)
• not recognizing themselves in the mirror;
• memory lapses or Some believe MPD does not exist! Some describe this feeling as being a passenger in their body rather than the driver. In other words, they truly believe they have no choice. Causes: Why some people develop DID is not entirely understood, but they frequently report having experienced severe physical and sexual abuse, especially during childhood. overwhelming stress • insufficient protection and nurture during childhood being severely traumatized as a young child having a family member with MPD/DID Treatments: .Although there are no medications that specifically treat this disorder, antidepressants, anti-anxiety drugs or tranquilizers may be prescribed to help control the mental health symptoms associated with it. Long term Psychotherapy- involves helping individuals with DID/MPD improve their relationship with others, preventing crises, and to experience feelings they are not comfortable with having.
Hypnosis- sometimes used to help people with DID/MPD learn more about their personality states in the hope of their gaining better control of those states.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)- a viable treatment when the combination of psychotherapy and medication does not result in adequate relief of symptoms. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) - integrates traumatic memories with the patient's own resources, is being increasingly used in the treatment of people with DID/MPD . It has been found to result in enhanced information processing and healing. The End Wrote a book explaining her triumph over MPD/DID Chris Costner Sizemore: " "I lacked a full knowledge of who I was. And having been locked away from the human interactions that build relationships but not having been locked away from who my family and friends were, I knew them but they didn't know me. All they knew was that, over the decades, I had been many women, many selves -a victim of multiple personality disorder. But when I emerged, all I knew was that suddenly I had become a victim of aloneness" (Sizemore 17).