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The Hanseatic leage, Bruges, Antwerp and the emergence of ca

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Tiffaine Brechot

on 9 February 2014

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Transcript of The Hanseatic leage, Bruges, Antwerp and the emergence of ca

The Hanseatic League, Bruges, Antwerp and the Emergence of Capitalism (XI-XVIe centuries)
Week 1:The raise of the Hanseatic League
Week 1: Zenith and fall of the Hansa
Week 2: the impressive city of Bruges
Week 3: the magnificent city of Antwerp
Week 3: The magnificent Antwerp
You will discover the emergence of capitalism
The fall of Bruges..
...the rise of Antwerp
- Bad maintains of the canal

- Protectionism policy

- Commercial business with the English stops
- Good situation near to the sea

- Dynamism and intelligence of the population of Antwerp

- Attractiveness of the Fairs

Business in Antwerp
- With English: sheets and wools
- With German: manufactured products and metals
- With Italian: Precious stones, good quality spices
- With Portuguese: medium quality spices
- Big trades between all nations
Fall of Antwerp
- Portuguese trade in Lisbonne

- English protectionism

- Sack of Antwerp: 4-7 November 1576
- Crusades: new products from the Levant

- Development of new transport technologies

- In Europe, creation of city-estates very rich
From novelties of
the 11th century come...
- Development of ports around the north and Mediterranean seas

- Creation of maritime roads: major trade axis
...Development of an international economy
...New means of payment
- Minimization of risks with new medium of payment, assurances

- New monetary system
- Concurrence between ports and countries

- Outsourcing, mass production to answer to the demand
... and Capitalism.
- Association of merchants

- Beginning of capitalism: make a maximum profit
A positive tsunami:
creation of a big city
- 1134: the Zwin canal opens
- Importations from all Europe starts
- Creation of the biggest textil industry and trade center
Bruges, the place whe
all nations want to be
- Italian come from Venice
- Levant merchants: Spice trade
- Spanish: wool
- Meeting point of foreigner

- Mean age: beginning of spice trading

- Perfection of financial techniques

-1309: creation of the Bruge's stock exchange
.. and a financial system
was born
A special political status
- shared political power

- important independence of Bruges

The Bruges' climax point
- 14th century: Hanseatic League's head quarter

- 15th century: its golden age
Nature brought back what it took...
- 1440: decline begins

- Zwin canal silt up and block the access to Bruges

- Hanseatic League: Bruges' "kondor" moves to Antwerp

- Spain is the only nation remaining
German Merchants of Gotland
- Trade under Gotland flag of Visby

- Commercial point Baltic trades

- Extreme competition

- Scare resources
The name of Hansa
- "Hansa": Gothic for "guild"

- Guilds: confederation in German World

- Merchant group: cooperation, privileges, law codes
The Birth of the Hansa in Lübeck
- 1159: city foundation by Henry the Lion

- Imperial city with independent status

- 1241: official capital "Queen of the Hansa"
The Lübeck-Hamburg Alliance in 1241
- Lübeck: Baltic sea and Fish resource

- Hamburg: "Salt Road" trading

- cooperation of allied cities
The Hanseatic society
- strict members hierarchy with laws

- large regulation and common commercial politic

- prices set and competition limited
The spread of the Hanseatic League
- Trading privileges from foreign countries

- "Kondors"establishment in allied cities

- Commercialization of scare goods in all Europe

- Alliance and protection from Teutonic order
The Hansa Influence in Europe
- Cities gained independence

- Economic regulation and state involvement

- Military improvement: armed merchants

- Technological progress: Baltic Cog
The fall of the Hansa
- Interne weaknesses:
areas/merchants conflicts
- European 14th century's economic crisis
- Rise and wars against rival powers
- Teutonic order defeated in 1466
- commercial failure facing Burgundy's Duchy
- Protestant reformation
Week 2:From highness to fall
Full transcript