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Transcript of MLA8thEdition
Put it all together and it looks like this:
A bit more about containers
Modern Language Association
A group of professional scholars who
create (and periodically update) a universal set of guidelines for
citing any type of source
What is this?
Help a curious
reader be able to
Help you build
be more likely to
win an argument
Give credit to the
done the work
you want to
Allow you to avoid
a charge of
Things to keep track of
Works Cited Page
• Also called “parenthetical notation”
• How citations are handled within the essay
• What needs to be cited?
• Used to be called a "bibliography"
• A complete list of all sources used in your paper
• Located on the last page of your essay
• Specific, easy-to-follow format required
Don't worry. This is
, especially with the streamlined approach suggested by the 8th edition of the MLA Style Handbook.
Let's start with
Suppose you wanted to use a line from a book or online article that you found as part of your essay.
Just include the author’s last name and the
page number/s where you found the material.
"Then, all of a sudden, it was like I opened my eyes one day and noticed that the world is full of beautiful girls, and I've had a hard time thinking about anything else ever since" (Bieber 71).
Period goes here.
Yes, Justin Bieber wrote a book. Sort of.
Another way to handle in-text citations is with
If you use the author's name in your sentence, you need only to include the page number as the citation.
In her autobiography, Kim Kardashian explains that "my first white Range Rover was so special. It was the first car I got on my own. It had pink trim and it was such a smooth ride, so comfortable to be in, and luxurious" (59).
Yes, the Kardashians are also published authors. Really.
Period goes here.
material you use
that comes from a source
needs an in-text citation
needs to be included on the
works cited page.
What if you're just summarizing someone else's idea/information?
need a citation!
Let's use a more academically sound source for
Before finding success as a writer, Stephen King worked as a high school English teacher, a profession he admits zapped most of his creative energy (73).
Or, the same info. could be presented like this:
Works Cited Page
Gives more details about where you found the information in your paper
The Works Cited should include these nine core elements,
the information is available.
The thing is, not every source has all nine of these items.
So, you get to
use your good judgment.
"There is often more than one correct way to document a source" (4).
A bit more detail
Ex. of source:
• Stand-alone book title if you used the entire book
• Chapter or section title if you used only that part
• Newspaper/Magazine/Academic journal article title
• Website article headline/title
• YouTube video title
Ex. of container:
• Book title that contained the chapter or section you used
• Title of academic journal that an article was located in
• Main website that the webpage you used was on
• Database name where a journal and article were found
• Online streaming provider, such as Netflix or Youtube
Last name, First name.
it's important to what you're writing about, include information about any contributors mentioned on a title page, including:
• edited by
• introduction by
• translated by
• illustrated by
• narrated by
These will be numbers
Name of Publisher
Omit any business words in the name, such as:
Company (or Co.)
Corporation (or Corp.)
Incorporated (or Inc.)
Limited (or Ltd.)
This is the publish date for articles/online materials and the copyright date for printed materials.
Use the exact page number for printed materials
p. (for a single page)
pp. (for multiple pages)
for online resources
Don't use url shorteners (bit.ly, tinyurl, etc.)
Omit the "http://" and "https://"
Yes, the full link looks clunky on the page, but many teachers/professors read papers on screens and it's convenient to have the clickable links.
Another thing to note – punctuation
Everything else is strung together with commas
King said, "I liked my coworkers and I loved the kids...but by most Friday afternoons I felt as if I'd spent the week with jumper cables clamped to my brain" (73).
Scribner, 2000, p. 73.
If you used the whole book:
If you used just a single page:
Scribner, 2000, pp. 73-84.
If you used a clump of pages:
Use p. for single page
Use pp. for multiple pages
For this citation, which of the
nine core elements
Also, notice this title is italicized because it is a major work. For smaller pieces (article titles, poems, short stories, etc.), use quotation marks instead.
Let's try one together!
Build a works cited entry for multiple bits of
information taken from this magazine article:
What would the citation look like?
Berger, Andy. "All in His Head."
, vol. 37,
no. 5, Kalmbach Publishing, June 2016, pp. 26-31.
(All of the info. you need
is on your notesheet.)
You may need to add a little more info. about WHERE you found your information because databases, e-reading platforms, and media streaming services all host other published works. If you use any of these, you'll just add an extra scoop of info. to your citation.
You want to use an article from an online journal database called Gale Group. Here's what you have:
Beginning of article:
End of article:
Citation would look like this:
Watkins, Randy. “Is Google Making Us Dumber?”
, Information Age
Publishing, December 2015.
Student Resources in Context
, Gale Group,
Anything that doesn't come from you,
Another source’s research, theories, or ideas
Another source’s argument or opinions
Facts that are not commonly known
Another source’s visuals, tables, graphs, images, statistics, etc.
Yes, this url is super-long, but if you can't find the article elsewhere online, you'll have to use this whole thing in your citation
Notice that the first chunk ends here, but then the second "container," the online database, is included in a second scoop of info.
Sample Works Cited Page:
(based on resources used in this presentation)
Double-space all lines
12 pt. Times New Roman
You're now ready to successfully
navigate academic circles.
What if more questions arise as you work?
Get the book at the library
or visit the MLA site at