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Rudolf Laban

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Rebecca Visintainer

on 14 November 2015

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Transcript of Rudolf Laban

Rudolf von Laban
(1879-1958)

Laban's Movement Theory
"Name What You See"

Structural Model

Dynamics
- gradual degrees of tension and release
- 5 Rhythmic Constructs:
Impulse, Impact, Swing, Rebound, Continuous
- found in all movement - spontaneous and deliberate
- ability to transform movement intentionally (sitting example)
Notation: Music versus Movement
Music:
- read left to right
- used/understood by many people
-Double bar line signaling beginning and end
Movement Choirs
Rudolf Laban

Becky Visintainer
2015

Relationships
Body
Actions
Space
Dynamics
Movement:

- read bottom to top
- Laban Notators specially trained in LMA
- Double bar line signaling beginning and end
References
Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Dance. (2012). Rudolph Laban. Retrieved from http://www.trinitylaban.ac.uk/about-us/our-history/rudolf-laban
~ Rosemary Brandt
Partsch-Bergsohn, I. & Bergsohn, H. 2003.
The Makers of Modern Dance in Germany: Rudolf Laban, Mary Wigman, Kurt Jooss.
Highston, NJ: Princeton Book Company, Publishers.
Ausdruckstanz
Davidson, J. (2009). Rudolf Laban. Retrieved June 2015, from http://www.limsonline.org/
* Class notes from Rosemary Brandt's Choreological Studies Course (2013-2014) at Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance, London, UK *
- Born in Hungary
- Son of the military governor in Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Left the Military Academy at Vienna Neustadt to pursue architecture studies in Paris
- Became interested in the architecture of the body and movement while in Paris
- Moved to Munich to continue his artistic studies
- "dance of expression"
- 1920s German Dance Movement

Monte Verita
- Alternative living community in the Switzerland
- Director of the "School of all the Arts of Life"
- Meets
Mary Wigman
and worked with her and other students to define German Expressionist Dance through choreographies and
movement choirs

- "...groups of people acting in unison to choreographed movements." (Partsch-Bergsohn, 2003, p. 21)
- Began developing his movement theory through his movement choirs
- Used structured improvisations (
freie tanz
) to observe how the body relates and interacts with surrounding space
- Developed these improvisations into pieces which were performed at festivals throughout Europe
- "
Laban Schools
" opened throughout Europe adopting
Freie Tanz
(free dance) as the curriculum of choice
http://inmemoriam2014.org.uk/index.html
- Method in which to analyze all movement
-
5
intrinsic elements which are always present in movement
- Provides a vocabulary for movement literacy
Structural Model
Relationships
Body
Action
Space
Dynamics
What is the difference between movement and dance?
Movement
Dance
- spontaneous
- functional
- deliberate
- expressive
The study of Laban Movement Analysis (LMA) heightens movement consciousness and allows for a wider range of movement options.
Nadel, M.H. & Strauss, M.R. (2003). Chapter Sixteen. In
The Dance Experience: Insights into History, Culture and Creativity
(p. 217-227). Hightston, NJ: Princeton Book Company, Publishers.
Mannaing, S.A., & Benson, M. (2001). In A. Dils & A.C. Albright (Ed.s),
Moving History/Dancing Cultures: A Dance History Reader
(p. 218-227). Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press
http://www.dance-archives.ac.uk/about/laban#
Effort
- component of
Dynamics
-
Quality
-> How you "do" the movement
- Four factors that exist on a spectrum
weight (force) --> Light/Strong
space --> indirect/direct
time --> sustained/sudden
Flow (energy) --> free/bound
Effort Graph
Light
Strong
Indirect
Direct
Free
Bound
Sustained
Sudden
Weight
Flow/Energy
Time
Space
Light
Strong
Free
Bound
Sustained
Sudden
Indirect
Direct
- late
- rushing
- anxiety
- quick
- running out of time

- more time
- not rushing
- leisurely stroll
- not in a rush to be
somewhere
- all the time in the world
- floating
- calm
- leaves
- feathers
- Ballet
- jumps
- weight up
- heavy
- resisting the wind
- force
- hurricanes
- impact can be strong?
- hip hop
- weight down
- looking for the hat
- all over the place
- focus everywhere
- constantly changing
- in a forrest looking everwhere
- lost
- improv
- moving towards the hat
- single focus
- when someone is in a rush
- climbing up the tree
- careful
- placed movement
- cautious
- Ballet
- after we found the hat
- giving into the wind
- letting loose
- ragdoll
- improv
Full transcript