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Transcript of Internet Timeline
into space in 1957. In 1969, the ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency)
is set up. This project connected four universities in the United States and it was designed to link systems and to make a communications line. Leonard Kleinrock sent the first transmission between UCLA and Stanford. This was the beginning of the Internet, as more mainframes and terminals began to make point-to-point connection, then leading to multi-routing systems. The 1970s Ray Tomlinson invents the electronic
mail (e-mail). TCP and IP created in 1973. Later in 1983
it would become the most common
way for communication between computers. IP stands for Internet Protocol
TCP stands for Transmission Control Protocol
The File Transfer Protocol allowed programs to be
downloaded to the computer.
These protocols would be part of the backbone of the Internet and be the only reason why we can send things back and forth. Other Important protocols such as WWW, HTTP, and SMTP would come around later. The Queen would send her first e-mail in 1976. The extensions like .com, .org, .ca are created. They are called DNS or Domain Name System. Quantum Computer Services is established. It was one of the few major companies that
offer utilities like email and news. The first provider of Internet emerges in 1989. The World provided dial-up Internet to many
consumers. This is significant because now the
regular person could do so much more and have
access to a lot more information. Tim Berners-Lee develops the World Wide Web, which uses a graphical user interface. The World Wide Web utilizes hyperlinks to take
users from one website to another. People at the University of Minnesota create Gopher in 1991, which would prove to be very popular. This program allowed users to navigate through a point and click method. The web browser Mosaic is developed at the National Center for Supercomputer Applications by Marc Andreeson. At its time, it controlled a vast majority of the World Wide Web navigation. Browsers begin to gain popularity and more start to develop. Now, we have browser like Firefox, Google Chrome, and Internet Explorer. Java is released in 1995 by Sun Microsystems. Java is a programming language that is still quite in use today. It is easy to learn and great for beginners. Google opens its first offices in California in 1998. Google is one of the premier companies currently. It is used primarily as a search engine, but also controls major websites such as youtube. By the end of 1996, more than 45 million people are using the Internet. Most of the people using the Internet being in North America. Later in 1999, the amount of users would raise to over 150 million. In 2000, the Internet bubble bursts. This led into the NASDAQ stock exchange plummet and later, many of the dotcoms were forced to shut down. In 2001, Napster is forced to close its services fora while due to the copyrighted material it had on its website. Napster was very popular for downloading music illegally and made a huge profit off of this. In 2005, Youtube's website launches. Youtube is one of the premier video sharing platforms that earns most of its revenue from ads. In 2008, we see a bunch of business acquisitions by big companies. Google remains dominant as the most used search engine. Microsoft offers Yahoo $44.6 billion to buy them out. As of 2007, over 1 billion people use the Internet. Usage of the Internet just keeps growing and growing. Stop the coming up video at 1:05 as the rest is in Italian. This video is just a visual representation of the progression of the Internet in terms of the companies established. The nternet As seen through history, the Internet is only expanding and everything is getting much faster. We can now get optic Internet that out-performs classic copper wire Internet quite a bit. More information is being shoved onto the Internet, and there is no way that all of it can be tracked. New website domains are created every day. The next big thing, like Facebook, could be created tomorrow. There are endless possibilities. I did not mention it much in the presentation, but there have been many virus attacks, such as the one in 1988, that shut down many servers. Gradually, security has increased, yet there are thousands of websites still infected. Slowly, more things will move to the Internet. More conferences will be held online for faster communications. Satellites would prove to be very important in both the Internet in terms of connectivity and in the military to reconnaissance certain areas on Earth. The satellites also benefit the scientific researchers in terms of sharing information. In 2002 Web 2.0 is "invented". New wasy of sharing information such as weblogs interested many people on the Web. These amateur websites with this new information created the Web 2.0