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Progressivism & Constructivism
Transcript of Progressivism & Constructivism
Approximately: 50 schools within the U.S.
A.E. Phillips Laboratory School, Ruston LA
The Atrium School, Watertown, MA
Progressivism is a relatively young philosophy Came to prominence in 1920's
Progressive political & social movement
Views nature as a flux and ever changing, so knowledge must be continually redefined & discovered States, "for new information to be internalized, the info must integrate into the learner's preexisting knowledge base." Examples: Constructivist Schools
John Dewey: Noted as the most influential educator of the 20th century Progressivist Views: School as a democracy
Child molded by the environment
Learning through direct experience
Focus on current & Future problems Constructivist Views: Teachers must create learning situation where students build their own knowledge.
Scaffolding-providing assistance, some structure clues for the learner when they are stumped.
The learner is self-directed, creative, and innovative,
Purpose in education is to become creative and innovative through analysis, conceptualizations, and synthesis of prior experience to create new knowledge.
The knowledge goal is the highest order of learning: heuristic problem solving, meta-cognitive knowledge, creativity, and originality.
Instructors must be facilitators.
Vs. Jean-Jacques Rousseau: founder of progressivism principle Knowledge cannot be transmitted directly from the teacher to the learner. " Make Meaning" Work Cited "Progressive education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Progressive_
"Constructivism (learning theory) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constructivism_(learning_theory)>.
Ryan, Kevin, and James Michael Cooper. Those who can, teach. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1972. Print. Radical Constructivism:
Jean Piaget Social Constructivism: