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Transcript of History Timeline
(Prehistory) It is unknown when the stone age began, but it is said to have ended around 3000 B.C.
All information about the stone age is derived from archeology findings, due to the lack of written records. Based on these discoveries, archeologists have been able to divide the stone age into three different periods: The Paleolithic Period 'Paleolithic' translates to 'old stone age'. This is the earliest period of time during the stone age, and is when the most primitive human technology was being used. Tools The tools used during this period were all crudely crafted out of stone, wood, or bone. This includes uses such as weapons, cutting, and cooking. Lifestyle The Mesolithic Period Many of the early humans during this time period formed small groups, often consisting of less that 50 people. These nomadic groups worked together to collect food and resources. Nearing the end of the paleolithic period, people finally began settling into permanent homes. This is also the time when humans had to rely more on agriculture due to the limited resources that were once available to them 'Mesolithic' translates to 'middle stone age'. This period of time refers to specific archaeological groups that did not fit correctly into the other two time periods. Mesolithic Cultures Azilian Culture
Kunda Culture Lepenski Vir Culture
Nøstvet and Lihult cultures
Zarzian Culture The Neolithic Period 'Neolithic' translates to 'new stone age'. This time period describes the end of the stone age, and the beginning of the next era. Food and Agriculture By this period, the old 'hunter-gatherer' system has long been replaced by growing and harvesting crops. The continued growth of farm usage led to larger settlements, all working together to grow food for each other. Homes and Shelters Shelters have evolved significantly since the Paleolithic era. This is due to the fact that humans have taken permanent residences, which has replaced the constant traveling. Many of their homes were constructed from mud bricks, and the interiors had animal skins on which they would sleep. Tools and Technology Since agriculture became popular, new tools had been developed to make farming easier and more efficient. Stone tools such as sickles and grinding stones were created to help with their agricultural needs. 3000 B.C. - 221 B.C. The Great Wall of China The Great Wall of China is one of the most impressive and well known structures ever built by mankind. It is the longest wall on Earth, stretching 5,500 miles in length. Warring States Period The Early Wall At the end of the Warring States Period, Qin Shi Huang ordered the construction of a new defensive wall on their northern border in order to protect them from the Xiongnu people. The wall was constructed from crude materials such as mud and stone, as transporting actual bricks was too difficult. Thousands died while building the wall, and were buried within it. The Wall Today Due to how crudely the wall was built during the Qin dynasty, regardless of the numerous repairs done by the later rulers of China, the wall eventually had to be completely rebuilt during the Ming dynasty in order to efficiently defend themselves from the growing threat of the Mongolians. This time the wall was built properly out of stones and bricks, and is the same wall that currently stands today. 221 B.C. - 70 A.D. The Fall of Jerusalem In the year 70, A.D, Titus, the future emperor of Rome commands his soldiers to invade Jerusalem, which leads to the complete destruction of the city. Disobeying Orders At the beginning of the Siege of Jerusalem, Titus had informed his soldiers to spare the thousand year temple. However, due to the constant attacks and tactics of the Jewish soldiers, the Romans grew enraged, and disobeyed their orders, setting fire to the temple and burning it to the ground. 70 A.D. - 955 A.D. The Battle of Lechfeld took place on August 10th, 955. this was the battle that kept the Hungarians out of Western Europe Battle of Lechfeld Hungarian Invasions During the 9th and 10th centuries, the Hungarians, as well as Vikings and Muslims were invading many countries in Europe, moving eastward. One of these countries was Germany, in which the battle of Lechfeld took place. Victory for Germany The German soldiers, under the command of King Otto the Great defeated the Hungarians at Lechfeld. This prevented the Hungarians from invading the rest of Western Europe. 955 A.D. - 1095 A.D. The First Crusade was a Roman Catholic military expedition to retake the Holy Lands from the Muslims The First Crusade The Goal Originally, the purpose of the first crusade was to send help to Emperor Komnenos to repel Turkish invaders from Antolia. However, the goal soon changed, and the Romans were sent to recapture the Christian city of Jerusalem. The Army Both peasants and knights joined the crusade to recapture Jerusalem. However, none of the peasants had any training, and none made it to the city. By 1099, the Knights managed to successfully recapture the city, killing many of the Jewish and Muslim inhabitants. 1099 A.D. - 1440 A.D. The printing press was a major leap in technology during the renaissance. It set the stage for many other inventions, and simplified the printing of books. The Printing Press Johannes Gutenberg Johannes was a man of many trades - His father taught him blacksmithing and goldsmithing, and he later pursued writing by his own right. His invention of the printing press revolutionized technology and culture, and is considered one of the most important inventions of all time. The Press The invention of the printing press not only made publishing much easier, but also started the printing revolution, and played a key role in the renaissance time period. 1440 A.D - 1789 A.D. The French Revolution began in 1789 and lasted until 1799. The French Revolution Cause The French Revolution was a revolt made by the lower class of France against the higher authority. Many economical issues were ignored, which didn't allow the people of France to gain enough income to sustain themselves, forcing many out on to the streets to starve. The Haitian Revolution 1789 A.D. - 1791 A.D. The Warring States Period is a time in Chinese history when six of the seven Chinese states were at war with each other, each of them having a large wall surrounding their borders. After being conquered by Qin Shi Huang in 221 B.C., the Chinese states were reunified and Result The French lower class overthrew and reestablished the government, making a more fair and equal society for both the poor and rich classes. The Haitian Revolution, starting in 1791 and ending in 1804 was one of the most successful slave rebellions of all time. Background The Haitian Revolution was a slave revolt that took place in Saint-Domingue, a French colony located on the island of Hispaniola. This revolution was the only slave revolt to result in the founding of a state. Victory for the Slaves The Haitian Revolution was a defining moment in the history of Africans in the New World, as they were able to gain their freedom from the French, making them the second successful revolt to gain permanent independence from a European power. 1804 A.D. - 1922 A.D. Tutankhamun Tutankhamun, also known as King Tut, was an Egyptian pharaoh who ruled during the 18th dynasty. His tomb was discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter and George Herbert. Discovery In 1922, Howard Carter, employed by Lord Carnarvon excavated the tomb of King Tutankhamun. Over half of the contents of the tomb had been looted by thieves, however there were still over 5,000 valuable items found in the treasury, and is said to be worth almost fifty billion American dollars in total. 1922 A.D. - 1945 A.D. Hiroshima Hiroshima was one of the most well known out of the several Japanese cities to be bombed during World War II. In 1945, an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima by the Americans, bringing an end to World War II. The bomb had a catastrophic result on the city, killing over 100,000 people, and destroying about 76% of the city. Effects