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Eric Davis

on 6 July 2016

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Transcript of Socialization

Identity Development

Distinct identity that sets us apart from others
The self is not a static phenomenon
Continues to develop and change throughout our lives

Looking Glass Self
We become who we are based on how we think others see us
We imagine how others see us—relatives, friends, even strangers on the street
We imagine how others evaluate what we think they see—as intelligent, attractive, shy, or strange
We define our self as a result of these impressions

"I" vs "Me"

I: The acting self that exists in relation to the Me

Me: Socialized self that plans actions and judges performances based on the standards we have learned from others


Processes of socialization
in which person “rehearses” for future positions, occupations, and social relationships

Process of discarding former behavior patterns and accepting new ones as part
of a transition in one’s life.
Total Institution

Institution that regulates
all aspects of a person’s
life under a single

The lifelong process through which people learn attitudes, values, and behaviors appropriate for members
of a particular culture

Preparatory stage

children imitate the people around
them, especially family members

Play Stage

Children pretend to be other people through
Role Taking--mentally assuming the
perspective of another and responding
from that imagined viewpoint

Game Stage

Children grasp their own
social positions, and those
of others around them

Stages of Self
Significant Other
Individual who is most important in the development of the self, such as a parent, friend, or teacher

Generalized Other
Attitudes, viewpoints, and expectations of society as a whole that a child takes into account in his or her behavior
Dramaturgical Approach

Studies interaction as if we
were all actors on a stage
Impression Management

Altering presentation of self to create distinctive appearances and satisfy particular audiences

Efforts people make to maintain
a proper image and avoid
public embarrassment

How should
our children be socialized?

Who should
do the work?
Full transcript