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Wine and Bar - Sherry wines

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Dennis Tsui

on 19 January 2011

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Transcript of Wine and Bar - Sherry wines

S Wine Introduction The History Techincality Conclusion Solera System Styles Fino Manzanilla Manzanilla Pasada Amontillado Oloroso Palo Cortado Sweet Sherries Climate Production Soil Grapes Fermentation Fortification Aging h r r y e Fino Oloroso Sweet Sherries Storing BAKED CHICKEN WITH SHERRY WINE Pairing Sherry (very dry with a lighter-body) Alcohol is added reaches just over 15% "Flor" forms Preventing it from over oxidizing Mid-19th century Winemakers did not understand Lowest bottlings of wine lighter and fresher (still dry, richer in flavor and body) Alcohol is added Reach an 18% alcohol content The flor yeast = unsuccessful Lack the fresh yeasty taste Exposed to air American or Canadian oak casks Bristol Cream Sweetened and colour is removed (Spanish = Jerez Dulce) Fermenting Pedro Ximénez or Moscatel grapes Intensely sweet dark brown or black wine Blending Sweeter wines or grape must A drier variety Beginning Jerez district 70 days of rainfall October & May most rain Summer = Dry & Hot High as 40 °C Bring moisture year is approximately 18 °C Predictable climate 300 days of sun Winds from the ocean Vineyards Sherry = Derivative of Shariz The Persian name Spanish = "Vino de Jerez" Facts... Range of flavors & styles World’s most versatile wine Very dry-sweet Pale-dark + Pairing with food Sherry can be mixed Delicious trendy cocktails Sherry can be match With your personality Started The Phoenicians around 1100 BC The Romans Background Technical Aspects Usage of Sherry Clays in the soil Keeps water below the surface Three types of soil Albariza: Barros: Arenas: The lightest soil, almost white Growing Palomino grapes 40-50 per cent chalk Mixture of limestone, clay & sand Reflecting sunlight By law 40% of the grapes Very absorbent and compact A dark brown soil 10 per cent chalk With a high clay content A yellowish soil 10 per cent chalk With a high sand content 1894 Phylloxera infestation Over 100 varieties Only three white grapes grown Palomino: Pedro Ximénez: Moscatel: Dominant in dry sherries 90% of the grown grapes Very bland and neutral Easily enrich by the style of making Creates sweet wines Drying for two days in the sun Sugar is centralize Usage much the same as Pedro Ximenez Less common Harvesting Early September Pressed lightly Drawout the must Only the "mosto de yema" Additional pressings For distillation and vinegar + Fermented Gives dry white wine 11-12 per cent alcohol content First classification Marked with symbols, showing its possibilities / /. // /// Best flavour & aroma Fino or Amontillado Fortified to 15% alcohol Heavier, more full-bodied Fortified to 17.5% alcohol Oxidized with aging = Oloroso Develop Further For Amontillado or Oloroso Fortified to 15% alcohol Developed Poorly Will be distilled Fortified = adding alcohol Destilado (distiled wine) From La Mancha Mixed with mature Sherry + "mitad y mitad" Stored in 600-litre casks North American oak Only five-sixths full Space to allow flor to develop Solera System use for Aging Minimum of 3 years Process of aging and ending product is mix of ages Process 3rd criadera 2nd criadera 1st criadera Part of the wine are moved Canoa (canoe) and Rociador (sprinkler) Only 2/3 of the oldest wine for bottling Oldest wine 40 to 50 years Portion use for bottling Next oldest wine adds into that portion The wine moves through layers Young wines are at the top After bottled = consumed soon Aged oxidatively = store for a year Stored upright A cool/dark place Fino & Manzanilla Served very cold One week of opening Other Sherry A month of opening Venenciador Drinking directly from the cask The Venencia Made of silver Attached with a long whalebone handle The cup, narrow enough Poured from head Find Your
Sherry Personality Are you a smart, dry-witted, urban sophisticate who enjoys dry white wines? Fino or Manzanilla Are you the type who enjoys a hike through the woods on a crisp fall day? Amontillado Do you enjoy adventure and mystery? Do your friends describe you as bold and worldly? Oloroso Do you have a love of travel and adventure but prefer a plaid shirt over formal wear? Palo Cortado Do you eat your dinner for the main purpose of getting to dessert? Moscatel or Pedro Ximénez Sherry = Simple red wine Started in 11th century B.C. Spanish town of Jerez The Town Andalusia Region Use for... Southern Spain Phoenicians Romans Moors 200 BC = Took control of Iberia AD 711 = Conquered Region & Introduced Distillation Developed Brandy & Fortified Wine Moorish Period The Town = Sherish Transliteration شريش Sherry & Jerez originated Preceptive of Islam Uprooting of Vines The Caliph of Cordoba Al-Hakam II No Alcohol Produced raisins for soldiers Kept two-thirds Famous People Alfonso X of Castile Christopher Columbus Francis Drake Ferdinand Magellan In 1264 renamed city = Xeres Production & Export in Europe increased 16th century = Reputation the world's finest wine Brought sherry for his voyage To the New World 1519 = Sail around the world Bought more Sherry than weapons Spain preparing to invade England After Drake destroy fleet, brought 2900 barrels of sherry back Phylloxera Plague Jerez region invaded by phylloxera In 1894 On Roots & Leaves This pest feed Large Vineyards Replant = Resistant Vines Small producers unable to fight abandoned vineyards Cooking 1 whole chicken cut up
1 can cream of mushroom soup
1/2 c. sliced onion
1/2 c. sherry cooking wine
4 tbsp. cooking oil Cut chicken wash/pat dry.

Heat 4 tsp cooking oil to brown chicken.

Arrange chicken on pan with ingredients.

Bake 350 degrees for 1 hour/turn it once.

Serve with steamed rice, 4 bean and rolls. Very complex = Roasted nutty taste Serve as Sauces Used as cooking liquid Used as flavoring Enhancing aroma & flavor Allow time for food to absorb the Sherry Wine "Cooking Sherry Wine" Meant for cooking Cheap wine, salt, preservatives and added colors Not the best Fino and Manzanilla Straw colored Nutty and salty taste Manzanilla type of fino Created near port of Sanlúcar de Barrameda Seafood Serve well chilled Shrimp Salt Cod Croquettes Oloroso Dry, full-bodied wine Rich amber to dark mahogany Bold Flavor Pedro Ximénez & Moscatel wines Golden and dark raisins Sweetness and silky Two Types... Chorizo Stuffed Dates with Smoked Bacon Foie gras Dessert wines
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