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Sports

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by

Emily Mead

on 19 May 2014

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Transcript of Sports

Equality
The right to participate in a sporting event should be based on achieved status not ascribed.
Bridget, Emily, Kelsea, & Antonia
Quantification
The ranking of a player in a certain sport can be determined by milliseconds with modern technology.
Sport
:
Competitive games that are won or lost on the basis of physical skills and are played according to specific rules.
Secularization
The activity of changing something so it is no longer under the control or influence of religion
Sports!
Institutionalization
of Sport

Specialization
Competition in sports have been apart of human culture since forever

Democracy
Achievement
Competition
Efficiency
Progress
Central Themes
Each sport differs in rules and norms
Olympics
: Religious festivals in honor of Zeus
Eighteenth & Nineteenth Centuries sports seperated from religion
Two Basic Norms
of Modern Sports
1.Open to everyone
2. Rules apply to all
Focus on a certain
position within a sport.

Specific roles include: owners,
managers, trainers, coaches,
scouts, doctors, & recruiters.
SPORTS REFLECT AND REINFORCE SOCIAL INEQUALITY

2 BASIC TYPES OF PERSPECTIVE:
FUNCTIONALIST PERSPECTIVE
No social segeration
Social norms and vaules
value hard work, team spirit, and obedience to authority
CONFLICT PERSPECTIVE
Distraction away from social and personal problems
Violence making it more acceptable
Provide justification for unequal distribution of wealth
Hard work=Awards


HOW SOCIOLOGIST VIEW SPORTS

American Sports
Issues in American sports include:
Radical Discrimination
Stacking:
Assigning people to a position base on race or ethnicity
Today females lack
recognition and respect.
Quest For
Records
Striving for wins!
Ex. Some wrestlers
starve themselves to
get to the weight they
need to be at and do ridiculous things in order to try to get the win.
Women
Athletics
Paid less than men
Women have become more active in sports that generally considered to be the domain of men
Racism in Sports Today:
Its been proven that African
Americans have been more successful at different sports
than other races
In 1936 at Berlin Olympic Games Jesse Owens
won 4 gold medals and President Teddy
Roosevelt didn't want to be seen with him.
Women don't have the same opportunities, media attention, pay and recognition as men do.
NBA Basketball Pay
2013: 76.3% of all NBA players were African American
81% of players were players of color
Women held 41.1% of all professional positions in NBA league
4 African Americans chief executive officers and presidents NBA
Women Vs. Men pay in NBA
Tina Charles made $105,000 and never missed a game
Gilbert Arenas barely played but made $111,000
Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution gave rise to modern sport.
Modern sport first emerged in England then spread to the USA, Western Europe, and to the rest of the world.
Sociologist Allen Guttmann:
Sport as a social institution is distinguished by the same seven characteristics that distinguish modern industrial society.
Characteristics of the Institutionalization:
Secularization, equality, specialization, rationalization, bureaucratization, quantification, and the quest for records
Soccer games played by ancient Mayans were life or death.
In Medieval times the noble births were
allowed to compete in organized
sport events. Wealth and social
status determined eligibility
Under issues in American Sport; Expectations don't always match reality
Rationalization
Rationalization:

Human behavior is subject to calculation, measurement, and control.
All Major sports are based on established rules that are subject to modifications.
Greeks:
Some specialized in running, wrestling, and discuss throwing.

Max Weber:
Rationalization is hallmark of modern capitalist society
Formal organization charged with the task of developing and enforcing those rules settling disputes
Organization generally organize competitions.
Local teams keep records to measure future athletic feats.
B
U
R
E
A
U
C
R
A
C
Y
First athletic organizations appeared in Great Britain in the middle of the 19th century
Major and minor sports has a national or international organization that serves as the final governing authority for it
Stopwatches
Computers
Electronic sensors
Statistics
Commercial Sports Ventures = $5 billion worth in business
Yearly attendance to major league baseball was over 55 million people
Attendance annually at a professional football/basketball games topped 17 million and 18 million
Now with TV it can be viewed 24/7
Why do we
have sports?
Dedication
Motivation
"Only suffering can bring the greatest dreams"
-Unknown
Full transcript