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Allusions in Fahrenheit 451
Transcript of Allusions in Fahrenheit 451
Tower of Babel Cavedwellers = ignorant humanity Shadows = representaions of truth or reality Fire = Teachers/ Sophists "Old Montag wanted to fly near the sun and now that he's burnt his damn wings off, he wonders why."
Ascension = Scary and Painful 2 choices Return to Cave Work through pain in order to discover Truth "Do you know why? I don't, that's sure! Maybe books can get us half out of the cave." (74) Allegory- story told using symbolism and has a deeper meaning Quote: "You know the law," said Beatty. "Where's your common sense? None of these books agree with each other. You've been locked up here for years with a regular damned Tower of Babel." page 38 Socrates' "Ideal Society" Society in Fahrenheit 451 The tragic death of Icarus Wisdom, Justice, Courage, and Temperance The Martyr's Last Words Speaker: Captain Beatty components to have in an ideal society, a leader of this society must have them as well Situation: Beatty is trying to convince the martyr to leave her books and exit her house before the fireman burn it down. "Play the man, Master Ridley; we shall this day light such a candle, by God's grace, in England, as I trust shall never be put out. " pg. 36 The 3 Parts of the Soul http://faculty.washington.edu/smcohen/320/cave.htm Appetite Spirit Reason http://wqxt.com/page10-07x-08.html http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://freechristimages.org/Images_Genesis/Tower_of_Babel_c1500.jpg&imgrefurl=http://freechristimages.org/biblestories/tower_of_babel.htm&usg=__3TpSoNrLYAQxoRz8jPlKIhvyHMA=&h=932&w=1192&sz=509&hl=en&start=0&sig2=IpokCfizlGQZwGmbFvYDUA&zoom=1&tbnid=l5dDKqgAogbfuM:&tbnh=150&tbnw=192&ei=iDB-TcDNKeea0QGiurzXAw&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dtower%2Bof%2Bbabel%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26biw%3D1020%26bih%3D567%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=135&vpy=258&dur=1283&hovh=198&hovw=254&tx=183&ty=165&oei=iDB-TcDNKeea0QGiurzXAw&page=1&ndsp=16&ved=1t:429,r:10,s:0 Natural Desires: Food and Drink Emotions and Feelings Conscience Nicholas Ridley
Early Martyr for the Protestant faith
Convicted of heresy and sentence to burn Tells us when to obey our appetite and when to resist it collectively EXAMPLE Hungry Appetite is acting The story... would crave gratification immediately Hugh Latimer
Also convicted of heresy and burned with Ridley have you wait for an appropriate time Spirit Reason Lacking Spirit! Daedalus and his son Icarus imprioned by king Minos of Crete EVIDENCE Daedalus fashioned wings out of wax and feathers in order to escape "Anyway, Pete and I always said, no tears, nothing like that. It'll our third marriage each and we're independent... He said, if I get killed off, you just go right ahead and don't cry, but get married again, and don't think of me." (95) Overjoyed by his new ability, Icarus did not head his father's warning and flew too close to the sun. The wax melted and Icarus fell into the water below, giving it the name the Icarian Sea. Daedalus warns Icarus not to fly too close to the sun or the sea "...No the same girl. McClellan. McClellan. Run over by a car. Four days ago. I'm not sure. But I think she's dead. The family moved out anyway. I don't know. But I think she's dead." (47) "I've had two children by Caesarian section. No use going through all that agony for a baby. The world must reproduce, you know, the race must go on. Besides, they sometimes look just like you, and that's nice." (96) Icarus Guy Montag imprisoned by king imprisoned by society Before being burned, Latimer shouts these words to Ridley
The martyr speaks same words before death. EXAMPLE Montag chooses to take the journey to find truth, even though it is difficult and dangerous. empowered with wings Mildred chooses to stay in her house all of the time and live in an ignorant state of bliss. empowered with books flew too close to the sun Characters such as Clarisse or Faber still have this spirit. Attempted to change the world, starting with the house wives Icarus fell The book of Ecclesiastes Montag fell out of society The book Montag remembers deal with regrowth and healing. A religious text in a dystopian world of technology. Beatty addresses our protagonist on pg. 113: "Play the man, Master Ridley"
be a man
fight through the pain and keep strong
"We shall this day light such a candle, by God's grace"
Latimer and Ridley are the candle being burned
"As I trust shall never be put out."
the flame will never blow out
live on through courage and strength Talks about the coming of the Messiah. http://forum.davidicke.com/showthread.php?t=11956&page=2502 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://revolutioncontinues.com/wp-content/uploads/Daedalus-and-icarus1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://revolutioncontinues.com/2000-12-14-a-dvx-100a-and-the-icarian-fall-of-4409-3/daedalus-and-icarus-2/&usg=__mVjzW0Y4_PjQ31cgpttstRe1mCU=&h=359&w=416&sz=34&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=poi0zsPANWHl5M:&tbnh=117&tbnw=147&ei=VoJ_TemnMYy70QHyqMn8CA&prev=/images%3Fq%3DIcarus%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26biw%3D1020%26bih%3D567%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=603&vpy=79&dur=109&hovh=209&hovw=242&tx=85&ty=70&oei=VoJ_TemnMYy70QHyqMn8CA&page=1&ndsp=17&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0 Significance to the text http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.freewebs.com/wingsoficarus/icarus-L.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.freewebs.com/wingsoficarus/&usg=__nzqVc0S_Pg-KaetlaxwBLcYR8_g=&h=469&w=400&sz=23&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=CzLJ3r2OonXcFM:&tbnh=117&tbnw=108&ei=VoJ_TemnMYy70QHyqMn8CA&prev=/images%3Fq%3DIcarus%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26biw%3D1020%26bih%3D567%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=203&oei=VoJ_TemnMYy70QHyqMn8CA&page=1&ndsp=17&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0&tx=29&ty=35 A damaged world needs fixing.
Restarting society/Return to a state of nature. "And on either side of the river was there a tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded fruit every month; And the leaves of the tree were for the healing of nations." pg. 165 Both burned for beliefs
created a legacy Citizens have no drive to be wise, just, courageous, or temperant (good thing else he would have been nuked) The text gives hope to the people. "You heave them into the 'parlor' and turn the switch. It's like washing clothes: stuff laungry in and slam the lid." (96) Significance to the text: Beatty says that books do not agree with each other. This is analogous to the differentiation of languages in the Tower of Babel story: the people in the story were not able to agree/converse with each other. Montag has been entrusted by people like Faber to create a better world. The Tower of Babel
And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech.
And it came to pass as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there. And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for mortar. And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.
And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower which the children of men builded. And the Lord said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech.
So the Lord scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city.
Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.
Genesis xi, 1-9. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6d/Tanach.jpg CAVE = FAHRENHEIT 451 SOCIETY