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Principal Beliefs of Judaism

EDRE presentation
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Christina Brunton

on 5 September 2012

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Transcript of Principal Beliefs of Judaism

Principal Beliefs Judaism Judaism has no official creed or universal doctrinal requirements for membership. In general, a person can be considered "Jewish" whether he or she adheres to a complete system of beliefs about God and the afterlife, holds only a few simple beliefs that give meaning to ritual, or even (at least in liberal Judaism) does not believe in God at all. Jewish Beliefs One, unique, indivisible

The belief that God is One means has multiple nuances: firstly it means that there is only one God, secondly that God is indivisible and thirdly that God is unique. The belief that God is One is central to Judaism.
This belief is reflected in the prayer, known as the Shema, which may be described as Israel's declaration of faith, "Hear O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is One".
This reflects Judaism's monotheistic nature, which rejects any form of idolatry. God is regarded as being all powerful and the source of creation. It follows, therefore, that there can be no other gods. God The preliminary course covers 3 areas Stage 6 SOR unit on Judaism
Parramatta - Catholic Studies
Stage 6 elective -
Catholics and World Religions

similarities and differences between Catholic beliefs, practices and spiritualities, and those of one other major religious tradition e.g. Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism 

compare and contrast this range of key Catholic beliefs and practices with those of one other major religious system
  Judaism in Catholic Studies Principal Beliefs My Jewish Learning
http://www.myjewishlearning.com/beliefs/Theology/God/God_101.shtml
Religion Facts
http://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/beliefs.htm
Judaism 101
http://www.jewfaq.org/index.htm
Sydney Jewish Museum – visits and special education programmes for teachers.
http://www.sydneyjewishmuseum.com.au
Centre for Living Judaism – a site run by a Progressive Australian group
http://www.livingjudaism.org.au
New South Wales Jewish Board of Deputies
www.nswjbd.org
Living Religion by Morrissey, Mudge, Taylor, Bailey and Rule 2006
Investigating Religion by Goldburg, Blundell and Jordan 2009
Judaism – A Very Short Introduction by Norman Solomon 1996 References and websites The Torah and Talmud have a great deal to say about God, humanity, and the meaning of life, and Jewish history has seen significant theological and mystical inquiry into religious concepts.
These beliefs are of great significance not only for Judaism itself, but also for their direct influence on Christianity and Islam, currently the two largest religions in the world. Jewish Beliefs The diversity in Jewish belief arises in part because actions (good deeds and the mitzvot), not beliefs, are the most important aspect of Jewish religious life. In addition, the term "Jewish" can be used to describe a race and a culture rather than a religion, so some who identify themselves as Jewish may have little interest in the beliefs and practices associated with the religion of Judaism. Jewish Beliefs
Halachah is a set of Jewish rules and practices.
It affects every aspect of life.
It adds religious significance to everyday activities.
Halachah comes from the Torah, the rabbis, and custom.

Progressive Jews acknowledge that there are many pathways to God and respect
all faith-based individuals and groups who seek to create a better world.

For a Jew, this responsibility entails an awareness and reflective consideration of the Jewish values and principles that emerge from Torah.

Progressive Jews believe that the Tanakh contains a set of rules and values that are inspired by God, written by people and interpreted by each generation.


  Jewish Law – Different Approaches Mezuzah On the doorposts of traditional Jewish homes you will find a small case like the one pictured. This case is commonly known as a mezuzah (Hebrew for doorpost), because it is placed upon the doorposts of the house. The Shema is one of only two prayers that are specifically commanded in the Torah (the other is Birkat Ha-Mazon -- grace after meals).

Deuteronomy 6:4-9
“Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.
 You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.
 And these words that I command you today shall be on your heart.
 You shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise.
 You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.
You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.” The Shema – First Section Judaism is the first of the three major monotheistic religions of the world. These are known as Abramic faiths, coming from Abraham.
Christianity and Islam are the other two.
Jews believe that while God is separate from the world, God continues to be involved in the world and with people.
God’s plan for creation is made clear to Jews through the scriptures and particularly the Torah.
God is alive!
We do not know G-d’s name. There is only one God;  This video is a good introduction to the history and principal beliefs of Jews and would be suitable as a starting point for a Stage 6 SOR unit on Judaism Principal Beliefs
Learn To
discuss the belief in the one God and the attributes of God
outline the concept of a divinely inspired moral law
identify the importance of the Covenant for the Jewish people
Learn About
belief in a single God who is the creator and ruler of the universe
the concept of a moral law prescribed by God
the idea of the Covenant NSW SOR Preliminary Course
Principal Beliefs Sydney Diocese Curriculum - C6-3 World Religions  
CLASSROOM OUTCOMES
It is intended that students will be able to:

Values and Attitudes
appreciate the historical context and principal beliefs of religious traditions
Knowledge
outline the historical context and principal beliefs of religious traditions
Skills
 account for the historical development and principal beliefs of religious traditions Judaism in Catholic Studies
God created all things; 
There is only one God; 
God has no bodily form; 
God is eternal; 
We must pray only to God; 
All the words of the prophets are true; 
Moses was the greatest of the prophets; 
The Torah we have is the same that was given to Moses; 
The Torah will never be changed; 
God knows human deeds and thoughts; 
God rewards good and punishes evil; 
The Messiah will come to redeem Israel and the world; 
There will be a resurrection of the dead. Moses Maimonides 13 Principles



Tina Brunton
Principal Beliefs Judaism NSW SOR Preliminary Course
Teaching Ideas belief in a single God who is the creator and ruler of the universe
discuss the belief in the one God and the attributes of God Today we will look at one of these, Identify and then classify the principal beliefs in the order of their importance to the believer.

Search the Tanakh for passages that express different attributes of God.

Read and discuss Moses Maimonides writings on the use of anthropomorphisms in the Tanakh.

Identify the importance of the covenant to Jewish people.

Make posters on the word of the Shema. Teaching Ideas   The mezuzah is not, as some suppose, a good-luck charm, nor does it have any connection with the lamb's blood placed on the doorposts in Egypt. Rather, it is a constant reminder of God’s presence and God's mitzvoth or commandment. Orthodox men wearing tefillin.
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