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Politics and Sociology

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Dani Winter

on 5 December 2012

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Transcript of Politics and Sociology

What is the role of Politics? Politics From a Sociological Perspective Sociological Perspective To Note Politics in the United States Political Revolutions Government, is a formal organization that directs the political life of a society. After establishing political independence from Great Britain, the British monarchy was replaced with a representative democracy. Monarchy Theoretical Analysis
of Power in Society Political Revolution: Subjugation of the existing political system to establish a new system. 1. Rising Expectations
2. Unresponsive Government
3. Radical Intellectual Leadership
4. Establishing a new legitimacy Karl Marx and Revolution Russian Revolution of 1917
- influenced by Marxism

Feudal Dictatorship Communism Davis-Moore thesis stated that social stratification is beneficial for the operation of society. " Most of the time people respect ( or at least accept) the society's political system" -Max Weber Global Perspective 27 nations have royal families.
During the middle ages, absolute monarchs claimed a monopoly of power based of divine right.
In some nations including Oman, Saudi Arabia, and Swaziland still exercise absolute control over their people Democracy Has a Representative Democracy which puts authority in the hands of leaders who compete for office in elections.
High-income countries are not truly democratic. Like the United States.
- First there is a problem of bureaucracy
- Economic inequality: rich people have far more political power then poor people
They do provide many rights and freedom to their people. Authoritarianism Is indifferent to people’s needs and offers them no voice in selecting leaders.

The absolute monarchies in Saudi Arabia and Oman are examples of Authoritarianism.

The military in Ethiopia is also Authoritarian. Totalitarianism Deny people right to assemble or access information.
Vietnamese government closely monitors the activities of all its citizens.
North Korea is the world's strictest totalitarian.
North Korea use video cameras and powerful computers to control its people.
Soviet Union, most citizens have no access to telephone directories, copiers, fax machines, or accurate city maps. Politics, are the social institution that distributes power, sets a society's goals, and makes decisions. Authority, is the power people perceive as legitimate rather than coercive. Davis-Moore explained how the job that a person has determines their importance in that society. There are two political parties that compete and govern in America today. Politics play many roles in each society. They are there to ensure public stability Regulate and Distribute funds throughout They play a role in setting the living standard requirements. They declare what class is defined as. Functions in society <-(Davis-Moore) One could argue a politician has an important role in society. <-Made up of elected officials. A major function that politics play in America's society is the unity that is seen through voter turnout, and the backing of political candidates. They are there to ensure the future. Setting the standard for the schooling of a society. <-Our nation's political development reflects its cultural history as well as its capitalist economy. Politics vary within each society. America is considered an open class system, meaning that it offers more social mobility. EQ. http://www.worldaudit.org/images/fh99map.gif THE PLURALIST MODEL: The People Rule Structural-functional theory
An analysis of politics that see power as being spread among many competing interest groups
Politics is an arena of negotiation
Organizations operate as veto groups
Political process relies on creating alliances & compromises among interest groups
Power is widespread throughout society THE POWER-ELITE MODEL: A Few People Rule Social-conflict theory
An analysis of politics that sees power as concentrated among the rich
C. Wright Mills says the upper class holds most of society's wealth, prestige, and power
The members of the "power-elite" are in charge of the economy,government, & military
Power-elite theorists believe the U.S. isn't a democracy
Reject the Pluralist's idea of "checks & balance" system
The Power-elite models says that those at the top are powerful enough to face no real opposition THE MARXIST MODEL: The System is Biased Social-conflict theory
An analysis that explains politics in terms of society's economic system
Don't believe the U.S. is a democracy
Karl Marx thought the society's economic system shapes its political system
Marxist believe that problem is the system itself ("political economy of capitalism")
Believe that as long as the U.S. is capitalist, the majority of people will not be heard in politics Politics in the United States The Welfare State Political culture individualism Welfare State- government agencies & programs that provide benefits to the population
Defend country
Operate highways & schools
Maintain law & order
Help those in need
Nutritional assistance
Unemployment insurance
Housing assistance
Increase in size & scope Special-Interest Groups Form PAC's (Political Action Committees)
Raise & spend money
Increase political participation
Does having the most money matter?
Yes
2002: Congress reform Extremely Liberal Extremely Conservative Political Spectrum Democratic
Lower-income
Minorities Republican
Higher-income Mitt Romney Barack Obama Voter Apathy Voters Women
Caucasians
High social rank Non-Voters Conservatives
Many
Illiterate, disable, etc. Republicans
Suburban white family
Independents Democratic
Minorities
Presence overstated
44 out of 100 Hispanics
78 out of 100 Whites Looking at the Russian Revolution of 1917 Features of a Revolution Rising Expectations Economic and Social Oppression Bourgeoisie v. Proletariat
-Industrialization
-Unemployment, low wages, poor conditions Unresponsive Government Czars - unlimited power
-Secret Police
-No political parties Radical Intellectual Leadership Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks Establishing a New Legitimacy -October Revolution
-Creating "Soviets"
-Workers
-Peasants
-Soldiers Counterrevolution 1. 21 countries throughout the world after World War I

2. War Communism (Civil War)
-Red Army: Bolsheviks/Trotsky
-White Army: Czars Conflict Among Revolutionaries

1. Open and democratic - Lenin/Trotsky
2. Authoritarian and socialist - Stalin Highly Stratified
-agricultural
1. Clergy
2. Nobility
3. Peasants A Misunderstanding of Marxism Communism: "Socialism that abolishes private ownership and seeks to create a classless society." Lenin inspired by "Communist Manifesto"
-All people hold all property
- No poverty Mistakes:
1. National, not global scale
2. Highest quality goods and services given to those
in the government.
3. Government became ruling class.
4. Human greed and no incentive
5. Existence of the State Building the House v. Living in the House ' Old Political Structure New Political Structure Types of Government Monarchy Democracy Authoritarian Totalitarian Type of Gov't In Detail Monarchy A political system in which a single family rules from generation to generation.
Commonly in agrarian societies
Royal Families
Trace ancestry back
Most countries today have a constitutional monarchy
Ex:
Britain Democracy A political system that gives power to the people as a whole.
Political trend throughout most of the world
Most high income countries claim to be democratic
Ex:
Germany
Spain
France
Switzerland Authoritarian A political System that denies the people participation in government.
Highly controlled
A ruler or small group has power
Decisions made for the people
Includes kings, military leaders, dictators, emperors, etc.
Ex:
Saudi Arabia (absolute monarchy)
Oman Totalitarian Most intensely controlled political group
A highly centralized political system that extensively regulates the people
Emerged in the 20th century as gov’ts gained more control
Claim to represent people but most seek to bend people to will of the government
Create an atmosphere of fear and isolation
Socialization is highly political
Examples:
North Korea
Vietnam Works Cited "Communism and Marxism." 2003 March. Rational Revolution. Web. November 2012.
Keller, Evert. "List of Government Welfare Programs." EHow. Demand Media, 28 July 2010. Web. 28 Oct. 2012.
Macionis, John J. Society: The Basics. 11th. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2011. 330-61. Print.
"Russian Revolution." n.d. Fresno Unified School District. Web. November 2012.
Russian Revolution 1917 (Quick Summary). 2009. Web. November 2012.
"The Russian Revolution." March 2003. Rational Revolution. Web. November 2012.
"What is Communism?" n.d. Wise Geek. Web. November 2012.
Damerow, Dr. Harold. Interest Groups. 17 September 2000. 1 December 2012 <http://faculty.ucc.edu/egh-damerow/interest_groups1.htm>.Types of Interest Groups. 1 December 2012 <http://www.cliffsnotes.com/WileyCDA/study_guide/Types-of-Interest-Groups.topicArticleId-65383,articleId-65531.html?citation=true>.
"Why Minorities Will Decide the 2012 U.S. Election." The Brookings Institution. N.p., May 2012. Web. 28 Oct. 2012.
"Young Voter Apathy Could Be Large Problem For Obama « CBS DC." CBS DC. N.p., 5 Oct. 2012. Web. 28 Oct. 2012.

Images: Courtesy of Google Images through Prezi The Theoretical Analysis & the United States *The United States has a combination of all three analysis* THE PLURALIST MODEL In the United States people make their political voice known by voting in national and local politics
Many interest groups exist today and are influential in political policies
*NAACP
*NOW
*NCBH THE POWER-ELITE MODEL Major corporations and businesses can influence politics too
*give money to candidates campaigns or endorse certain policies
Sometimes an amount of money can outweigh the voice of the people THE MARXIST MODEL Sometimes power can be directed by the operation of a capitalist economy
*"the needs of the few outweigh the needs of the many" also on page 348 We see many citizens, from different ethnic groups. Bond together to take active roles in the electing of their favored candidate. Touching on the Davis-Moore We are able to see the significance of politics, through the passing of legislation. Being that Davis-Moore placed the importance of a persons influence in society, on the type of job that person has, it is evident that the duties and work a politician does are essential to each society.
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