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Art History

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by

Lucy Zhuo

on 9 October 2012

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Transcript of Art History

Art History 30,000 BCE 15,000-10,000 BCE 28,000-25,000 BCE charcoal red ochre Old Stone Paleolithic Chauvet Cave, France
- oldest works of art known
- animals only Lascaux Cave Altamira Cave 4.125 in Middle Stone Age same as cave painting, but the only difference is... that guy. The New Stone Age 17 ft 4000 BCE 50 tons post and lintel construction bluestone sarsen 4000 BCE 2334 BCE 2150 BCE 2100 BCE 1792 BCE 900 BCE 600 BCE 612 - 538
BCE Sumer Akkad (Sargon of Akkad) Guti Neo-Sumer (King of Ur) Babylon (Hammurabi) Assyrian Babylonia All you need to know is that we don't know much about them. Early Late Classical Periods vs. Here comes the Romans (the sort of copycats) What did the Romans create that helped them build these structures? South Vs. North - paper money developed
- vast fortunes gathered by families Ghiberti's work Brunelleschi's work double-shell dome design And here comes the list of names, please bear with me... Donatello - founder of modern sculpture
- first known freestanding nude Botticelli the standard for female beauty Your all-around Renaissance men Da Vinci
- inventor of sfumato
- designed locks and submarines and helicopters (oh my) But unfortunately, Pope Julius II seemed rather wishy-washy. Raphael Sanzio: Michelangelo's counterpart And While that was going on in Florence... Giorgione: the rebel
(anyone remember last year's reference to him and cares to explain?) Titian Vecellio Mannerism = distortion of perspective/scale, acidic color use and twisted subject positioning Tintoretto And of course, because we all love disagreements, especially the Catholics... No connection to Rome like Italy did: Matthias Grunewald Albrecht Durer Hans Holbein the Younger Renaissance vs. Baroque - less static
- more energy and movement
- saw conflicts between empires
- appeal to emotion (influenced by Counter Reformation)
- rich color and ornamentation - saw wars between cities
- search for beauty - characteristics:
simplicity and calm In other words, they liked their DRAMA. Caravaggio called caravaggesque Artemisia Gentileschi followed his techniques. Gianlorenzo Bernini Peter Paul Rubens Rembrandt van Rijn Baroque Louis XIV, the "sun king" - known for creating the Salon
- King Phillip IV tried to play copycat. fete galante Watteau, Boucher, Fragonard Rococo Neoclassical fractional representation CONCRETE! Harlem Renaissance Dada Surrealism solemnity, strength, simplicity ideals of beauty Etruscan transition between ideals and pragmaticism Parthenon Pantheon Colosseum "an idealistic style that highlighted Roman ideals" Vikings Germanic Peoples Book of Kells Coronation Gospels Hagia Sophia Churches of Ravenna Giotto di Bondone David Moses The Dying Slave The Bound Slave Michelangelo di Buonarotti Got the Sistine Chapel ceiling instead. 4 years
700 square yards
one man. School of Athens Sistine Madonna Dominikos Theotokopoulos (AKA El Greco) Isenheim Alterpiece The Four Horsemen Ecstasy of St. Teresa Oath of Horatii
Jacques Louis David Jean Dominique Ingres Eugene Delacroix Romanticism Neoclassical - democratic ideals
- revival of interest in Greek and Roman art
- influenced by the Enlightenment sharp outlines
unemotional figures
careful geometric composition and rational order - highly imaginative
- harkens to Baroque qualities
- emotional and dreamlike
- incorporates exotic/melodramatic elements Other Romanticists: Theodore Gericault, William Blake The Stonebreakers Luncheon on the Grass Impression Sunrise Realist must illustrate all features of its subjects Gustave Courbet Other Realists: Honore Daumier, Jean Francois Millet Edouard Manet - inspiration for Impressionism (didn't think so)
- juxtaposed bright, contrasting colors
- involved in a "scandal" Claude Monet Impressionism - helped by technical advances
- rapid strokes for rapidly changing light Other Impressionists: Camille Pissarro, Alfred Sisley Post-Impressionism Georges Seurat Cezanne Van Gogh Night Cafe - capture an intense response
- inner human emotion portrayed Paul Ganguin A Return to Nature: Pre-Raphaelites Art Nouveau Edgar Degas Fauvism Cubism Henri Matisse Pablo Picasso Georges Braque - extreme "arbitrary" color use - overall images from different perspectives
- referenced African art Die Brucke Der Blaue Reiter Included: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Emil Nolde - arbitrary colors and inner workings of the mind Edvard Munch Vasily Kandinsky Expressionism The Kiss
Brancusi Kandinsky Nude Descending a Staircase Marcel Duchamp Artists include: Jacob Lawrence, Romare Bearden Artists disillusioned by WWI - protest everything in society
- ridicule norms Marcel Duchamp Bull's Head Fountain Artists involved: Salvador Dali, Rene Magritte, Joan Miro based on the theories of Sigmund Freud Abstract Expressionism action paintings color field paintings Lee Krasner Jackson Pollock Math Rothko, Josef Albers Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline Return to the Ordinary Jasper Johns Robert Rauschenberg Pop Art Andy Warhol Roy Lichtenstein Robert Indiana Minimalism Photorealism Earthworks Performance Art Postmodernism
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