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Garv's Intro to The Iliad

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Kathy Garvelink

on 6 December 2012

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Transcript of Garv's Intro to The Iliad

The Iliad by Homer Composed (as in finally written down) between 900-700 B.C. Rhapsodes were a class of bards who were oral historians and
Stories were passed to the next generation orally. Little is known about Homer... Honestly... he may have been a slave
he may have been with blind-profound insight Homeric Conventions Invocation:
A formal plea directed to a god/goddess;
a prayer to the muses;
also served to state the epic's subject and theme. (9 muses-the daughters of Zeus) Conventions continued... In media res:
"in the middle of things" Meterical Structure:
dactylic hexameter-
made it easier to memorize Epic Similes: compare heroic events to everyday events. Example: "those who had fled like a deer...." Stock Epithets: Descriptive adjective or phrase that is repeatedly used with, or in place of, a proper noun. Example: "Andromache of the ivory white arms"; Hector, Tamer
of Horses; "Ms. Garvelink, the awesome English Teacher!" Honor Code: Time (tee-may): esteem of fellow aristocrats Kudos: GLORY! Arete: Excellence... Arete: A man could have so much arete that, in a sense, he became god-like. Glory functions to negate death because with glory, a man is remembered. The more arete a man earns, the more kudos; therefore, there is a greater chance he will be remembered and obtain immortality. Honor Code called for courage and physical ability BEFORE social status and possessions. Honor Code required that the warrior
must ignore warnings to avoid or
to be careful in battle. ARMOR: Represents lasting fame (permanent symbol of victory) Loyalty: Family and friends receive the greatest loyalty at this time. Loyalty to community and city comes later. Three Main Plot Lines 1. Personal tragedy of Achilles 2. Social tragedy of war between
the Trojans and the Greeks 3. Cosmic or universal tragi-comedy
stemming from the relationship between the gods and men. The Trojan War... Fact or Myth? Both! Historic fact mingled with myth. Here's the Myth: The war was fought over a beautiful woman and it started with a .........BEAUTY contest that even involved the gods! Tid Bits of Info... Seriously, Aphrodite, Athena, and Hera are in competition for a golden apple that is marked, "to the fairest!"
There is a MORTAL judge, (which screams problem to come), Paris the Prince of Troy In true human fashion, Paris accepts bribes and the promise of the woman of his dreams. Paris' decision is known as THE JUDGEMENT OF PARIS! Naturally, the woman of his dreams is already married.
Solution? SEDUCE HER OR KIDNAP HER! Paris kidnaps Helen, wife of Menelaus, King of Sparta. (Secretly, she thinks Paris is hot and a refreshing change from her old and ugly husband!) Under Agamemnon
(brother of Menelaus),
the Greeks attack Troy to avenge Helen's kidnapping. The Trojan War lasts for 10 long years. Finally, Greeks get into the city of Troy with a trick involving a wooden horse. (Troy colt if you will) They burn the city and recapture Helen. Movie Adaptation: Here's a fact : The Trojan War that really happened was about money and power! Troy was strategically located at the mouth of the straits
leading to the Black Sea.
It was the most powerful
port in the region; thus
an important and
profitable place to control. All the Kings of the Greek City-States have to fight to get Helen back because they had earlier promised to fight to defend her should she ever need it What is an Epic? A long, narrative tale of a hero's
journey that embodies the
values of a culture. Epic? That Troy was known for its fabulous horses.
It is both good and bad that
we are the
Troy Colts! Not so sure I would
mess with a
300, Anyone? When we've finish our study of the Iliad, we will understand

What an Achilles Heel is
Why we should beware of Greeks bearing gifts
Why there are no pacts between lions and sheep
Whose face launched 1000 ships
Why "Trojan" is a good name for a condom
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