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Bullying

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on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Bullying

Current National and New Jersey Laws
Steps Teachers Must Take
How to Stop Bullying
National Laws
There are currently no federal laws that specifically address bullying in schools.

The Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act (Provision of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001)

This act offers federal support to policies promoting school safety but does not specifically address bullying or harassment.
New Jersey Laws
Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights Act (P.L. 2010, c.122)
March 2012 Amendment (P.L. 2012, c.l)

Passed to supplement existing New Jersey criminal statues concerning harassment and intimidation. The Act also provides a thorough definition of “bullying.”

Requires that all NJ schools have an anti-bullying specialist and establish a school safety team.
What Does & Doesn't Work
Internet Problems & Issues
Bullying

Combat Online Bullying
Steps Teachers Must Take
The Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights Act
provides a detailed list of procedures and timelines for reporting acts of bullying.

All school employees and contractors are required to report incidents of bullying----no exceptions.

Failure to do so will represent a violation of the law and can possibly be treated as such.
Steps Teachers Must Take
1) Any school employee who witnesses an incident of bullying is required to verbally report it to the school's principal on the same day that the incident occurs.

2) The school employee must also submit a written report to the principal within two days of the incident's occurrence.

Additional Information
After receiving the report of bullying, the principal must inform the guardians of all children involved.
The principal must initiate an investigation within one day of receiving the report.
The investigation must be completed within ten days.
The superintendent must receive a report of the investigation's findings within two days of its completion.
The school board reviews the report at its next meeting and renders its formal decision in writing.




In a 2005 survey about gay bullying statistics, teens reported that the number two reason they are bullied is because of their actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender expression.
According to recent gay bullying statistics, "gay and lesbian teens are two to three times as more likely to commit teen suicide than other youths. About 30 percent of all completed suicides have been related to sexual identity crisis."
How to Stop Bullying in School
1)
Assess
Bullying in Your School
Conducting surveys of students, parents and other community members can provide valuable information about bullying.

2)
Engage
Parents and Students
Educate both parents and students about bullying and establish a culture of tolerance and acceptance within the community.

3)
Create
Policies and Rules
Establish specific rules and reporting procedures to address bullying.
How to Stop Bullying in School
4)
Build
a Safe Classroom Environment
Manage the classroom so that students feel safe, accepted and valued.

5)
Incorporate
Bullying into the Curriculum
Educate students about bullying by incorporating related lessons into the curriculum.
Design engaging lessons that not only inform students about bullying but also discourage its practice.
Questions
Bully victims are between
2 to 9 times more likely to consider suicide
than non-victims, according to studies by Yale University.
A study in Britain found that at least
half of suicides
among young people are related to bullying
10 to 14 year old girls
may be at even higher risk for suicide, according to the British study
Some of the
warning signs
of suicide can include:
Showing signs of depression
Withdrawal from others
Losing interest in favorite activities
Trouble sleeping or eating
Talking about death
Engaging in dangerous or harmful activities
Questions

Homosexuality & Bullying
1. How much more likely are gay and lesbian teens to commit suicide?
2. What are some different types of bullying?
3. What is the second most common reason teens are bullied?
1. What age group of girls are at the highest risk of suicide?
2. What fraction of suicides among teens is related to bullying?
3. What are some warning signs of suicide?
Suicide as a Result of Bullying
Questions
1) Why are surveys a valuable tool for teachers and administrators intent on eliminating bullying within their schools?

2) What does it mean to establish a culture of tolerance and acceptance within a school?

3) Who is responsible for creatively incorporating lessons about bullying into the curriculum?

Questions
1) Who is responsible for reporting acts of bullying and harassment to the principal?

2) In addition to verbally reporting the incident, what else must the reporting individual submit to the principal within two days of the incident's occurrence?

Bonus Question
In how many days must the investigation of the incident be completed?
Examples

of cyberbullying include mean text messages or emails, rumors sent by email or posted on social networking sites, and embarrassing pictures, videos, websites, or fake profiles.
Kids who are
cyberbullied
are more likely to:

Use alcohol and drugs
Skip school
Experience in-person bullying
Be unwilling to attend school
Receive poor grades
Have lower self-esteem
Have more health problems
Cyberbullying Stats
According to Cyberbullying statistics from the i-SAFE foundation:

Over
half of adolescents and teens have been bullied online
, and about the same number have engaged in cyberbullying.

More than
1 in 3 young people have experienced cyberthreats
online.

Over
25 percent of adolescents and teens have been bullied repeatedly
through their cell phones or the Internet.

Well
over half of young people do not tell their parents
when cyberbullying occurs.
Kids who are being cyberbullied are often bullied in person as well. Additionally, kids who are cyberbullied have a harder time getting away from the behavior.

Cyberbullying can happen
24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and reach a kid even when he or she is alone
. It can happen any time of the day or night.

Cyberbullying messages and images can be
posted anonymously
and
distributed quickly to a very wide audience
. It can be difficult and sometimes impossible to trace the source.

Deleting inappropriate or harassing messages, texts, and pictures is extremely difficult
after they have been posted or sent.
Why is Cyberbullying Different?
Cyberbullying
is bullying that takes place using electronic technology. Electronic technology includes devices and equipment such as cell phones, computers, and tablets as well as communication tools including social media sites, text messages, chat, and websites.
Effects of Cyberbullying
Cyberbullying
Resources
Questions
Questions
Report It
Steps to take immediately
if you are a victim or witness of cyberbullying:

Don’t respond to and don’t forward cyberbullying messages.
Keep evidence of cyberbullying. Record the dates, times, and descriptions of instances when cyberbullying has occurred. Save and print screenshots, emails, and text messages.
Block the person who is cyberbullying.

Cyberbullying often violates the terms of service established by social media sites and internet service providers.

Review their terms and conditions or rights and responsibilities sections. These describe content that is or is not appropriate.
Visit social media safety centers to learn how to block users and change settings to control who can contact you.
Report cyberbullying to the social media site so they can take action against users abusing the terms of service.
Report it to
Online Service Providers
When cyberbullying involves these activities it is considered a crime and should be reported to law enforcement:

Threats of violence
Child pornography or sending sexually explicit messages or photos
Taking a photo or video of someone in a place where he or she would expect privacy
Stalking and hate crimes
Report it to Law Enforcement
Cyberbullying can create a disruptive environment at school and is often related to in-person bullying.

The school can use the information to help inform prevention and response strategies.

In many states, (including NJ) schools are required to address cyberbullying in their anti-bullying policy.
Report it to Schools
Questions
1) What is the name of the New Jersey law that addresses bullying in schools?

2) The above law requires that, in addition to having an anti-bullying specialist, all New Jersey schools must also establish a what?

3.) Do you think this is adequate?
Social Media
Prevent Cyberbullying

Be Aware of What Kids are Doing Online
Know the sites kids visit and their online activities. Encourage your child/students to come to you if they are a victim or know someone who is a victim of cyberbullying.

Establish Rules about Technology Use
Discuss appropriate use of computers, cell phones, and other technology. Remind them to be careful about what they post or say. Encourage kids to think about who they want to see the information and pictures they post online. Tell kids to keep their passwords safe and not share them with friends.

Understand School Rules
Some schools have developed policies on uses of technology that may affect the child’s online behavior in and out of the classroom.
Consequences
Many cyberbullies think that bullying others online is funny. Cyberbullies may not realize the consequences for themselves of cyberbullying. It is important to talk about the consequences;

The things teens post online now
may reflect poorly on them
later when they apply for college or a job.
Cyberbullies
can lose their cell phone or online accounts
for cyberbullying.
Cyberbullies and their parents
may face legal charges
for cyberbullying, and if the cyberbullying was sexual in nature or involved sexting, the results can include being
registered as a sex offender
.
Teens may think that if they use a fake name they will not get caught, but there are
many ways to track some one
who is cyberbullying.
Based on research by Michael B. Greene, Ph.D., the follow prevention strategies do or do not work;

Preventing Bullying
Anti-Bullying Programs at School
Criminologist Seokjin Jeong from the University of Texas at Arlington analyzed data collected from 7,000 students from all 50 states.

He concluded that students at schools with anti-bullying programs might actually be more likely to become a victim of bullying and students at schools with no bullying programs were less likely to become victims.

Anti-bullying programs were actually inspiring bullies and giving them ideas.
Bullying statistics. (2009).
Stop Bullying, Harrassment, and Violence
. Retrieved from
http://www.bullyingstatistics.org/content/gay-bullying-statistics.html
Cyberbullying statistics. (2009).
Stop Bullying, Harrassment, and Violence
. Retrieved from:
http://www.bullyingstatistics.org/content/cyber-bullying-statistics.html
Greene, Michael B. (2013) Bullying prevention: what works, what doesn’t work. New Jersey Coalition
for Bullying Awareness and Prevention. Retrieved from: njbullying.org/documents/WhatWorks.doc‎
New Jersey Education Association. (2010). Issues and action: anti-bullying. Retrieved from
http://www.njea.org/issues-and-political-action/anti-bullying
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2012). Cyberbullying. Retrieved from:
http://www.stopbullying.gov/cyberbullying/index.html
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2013). Prevent bullying: prevention at school.
Retrieved from http://www.stopbullying.gov/prevention/at-school/index.html
Wallace, Kelly. (October 16, 2013). Parents, beware of bullying on sites you've never seen.
CNN
Parents
. Retrieved from: http://www.cnn.com/2013/10/10/living/parents-new-apps-bullying/
Questions
1. True or False: Assertiveness training for victims is an effective way to address bullying.
2. Why can anti-bullying programs be counterproductive?
3. Based on what you have learned so far, how can we change anti-bullying programs to make them more effective?
1. Why do you think cyberbullying is so prevelent in today's society?
2. How is cyberbullying different?
3. Should cyberbulling be addressed in school? Why or why not?
1. If a student tells you they have been cyberbullied, what are the immediate steps you should suggest?
2. Where should you tell the student to report the cyberbullying?
3. Based on what you have learned so far, what can you do as a teacher (or parent) to prevent cyberbullying?
In addition to Facebook, Twitter and Instagram, here are some social media sites where cyberbullying is happening:
Ask.fm
: It's meant to be a place where kids can ask tough questions and share their secrets, often anonymously. Started in 2010, it claims 65 million users and has been linked to a number of cyberbullying cases that resulted in suicide.
Voxer
: Think walkie-talkies. This push-to-talk messaging allows kids with smart phones to share text, photos and videos with lightning speed.
Kik
: A quick instant messaging service that claims 80 million users, who can send messages and photos with relative anonymity. It's rated 17+ but is growing in popularity with young teens and tweens.
Snapchat
: With this app, kids send photos and videos -- some of them racy -- that disappear within seconds.
Vine
: Quick 6-second video loops are the hallmark of this service, which is rated 17+ in the iTunes Store.
Tumblr
: Users collect and share items of interest with fellow users -- from videos to images to blog posts.
Reddit
: "Subredditors" have power on this message board, where folks discuss everything from sex to Christmas presents and vote those links and comments up or down.
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