Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Brain Development and ECCD

No description
by

Tekki Chavez

on 27 March 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Brain Development and ECCD

Brain Development and
Its Implication to ECCD The Brain SYNAPSE The neuron NEURON Rushton and Rushton 2009 (c) 4

Every thought you think, every emotion you feel, every movement you make, your awareness of the world around you, and your ability to read these words are possible because neurons ‘talk’ to each other. All human behavior can be traced to the communication among neurons. (Wolf, 2002, p. 51)\ Communication between neurons is the heart of all learning. 5 Rushton and Rushton 2009 (c) Communication between neurons is the heart of all learning. 5 Rushton and Rushton 2009 (c) Newborn Child Rushton and Rushton 2009 (c) 6 Rushton and Rushton 2009 (c) 7 TWO YEARS LATER 14 Years Old 6 Years Old At Birth Rethinking the Brain, Families and Work Institute, Rima Shore, 1997. Synaptic Density Stimulated Brain Unstimulated Brain Experience Builds Connections
Early childhood experiences physically determine how the brain is "wired."
Early sensory experiences create new synapses.
Repetition of experiences strengthen them. Remember! Pruning

Connections that are not used are removed by "pruning“ Remember! Language Acquisition

At 3 months the brain has the potential to distinguish several hundred spoken sounds.

Over the next few months the brain organizes itself to recognize only the sounds it hears.


Older children & adults can still learn language, but more effort is required. Remember! Sensory Stimulation

Touch, sound, sight, taste, smell, all build connections

Some researchers, believe "the number of words an infant hears each day is the single most important predictor of later intelligence, school success, and social competence.“

Touch also is key to brain development Remember! Sensory Stimulation

Touch, sound, sight, taste, smell, all build connections

Some researchers, believe "the number of words an infant hears each day is the single most important predictor of later intelligence, school success, and social competence.“

Touch also is key to brain development Remember!
What happens in early childhood influences how the rest of childhood and Adolescence unfolds.

Effective early care for children lies at the heart of human development. Early Childhood: most critical period in human development Rushton and Rushton 2009 (c)
Copple and Bredekamp (2009) Appropriate Practice in Early Childhood Programs: Serving Children from Birth through Age 8:
“A teacher’s moment-by-moment actions and interactions with children are the most powerful determinant of learning outcomes and development. Curriculum is very important, but what the teacher does is paramount” (p. xii).” Thirty years of research continues to point to the single most important factor in supporting the child’s development is the teacher! between 0 and 5 years, baby’s brain develops fast
this is time for parents & caregivers to optimize the stimulation process for the baby’s :
motor system
sensory system
it is time to teach baby knowledge as early as possible!
Stimulating baby’s brain will come many benefits for the child. Sensory exploration involves all the senses and integrate motor play. Different textures of sandpaper,
jigsaw puzzles
surprise bags
boxes filled with familiar objects,
weighted bars,
materials craps. To encourage TOUCH Foods of different tastes and textures To encourage Taste Color wheels
Color to blend to make new colors
Puzzles
Coloring books To encourage SIGHT SHAKERS-empty bottles filled with different objects
Rattles
Drums
CD or DVD player for rhymes, songs and poems To encourage LISTENING Small bottle of condiments and spices
Fruits
Food that children bring to school
flowers To encourage SMELL Ways for PARENTS & CAREGIVERS to stimulate the BRAIN Growth & Development 1. Encourage playing with blocks and soft toys

Helps develop:
Eye and hand coordination
Fine motor skills
Sense of competence 2. Give consistent warm physical contact:
Hugging
Skin-to-skin, body-to-body contact

To establish the child’s sense of security and well-being 3. Be attentive to the child’s rhythms and moods

Respond to the child whether he/she is upset as well as happy
Be encouraging & supportive, with appropriate discipline
without yelling or hitting. 4. Talk or sing to the child using adult talk during:
Dressing
Feeding
Playing
Doing chores
Speak slowly, give the child time to respond. Try not to reply “uh-huh”-they will know if you are not listening! Bath time
Feeding time
Outdoor time
Nap time
Play time 5. Be predictable.
Establish a pattern for bathing and other health activities, meal time, play, naps and bedtime. 6. Develop word associations by giving word labels to everyday objects and activities. 7. Read or tell story in the book to the child everyday.
Rhymes
Jingles
Nursery stories

Choose books that encourage touching and pointing objects/pictures 8. Listen to and answer the child’s questions.

Ask questions to stimulate decision-making processes. 9. Begin to explain “safety” in simple terms:

for example: feeling the heat from the stove teaches the meaning of danger to hot objects. 10. Make sure other people who provide care and supervision for the baby understand the importance of forming a loving & comforting relationship with the child 11. Encourage the child to:
look at books
draw 12. Help the child to use words to describe emotions and to express feelings like:
happiness
joy
anger
fear 13. Spend time on the floor playing with the child everyday. 14. Practice quality child care that is:
Affectionate
Responsive
Educational and
Safe

Share ideas on positive parenting with other parents & caregivers Together, Let us nurture the child today!
Full transcript