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Transcript of Plato
Philosopher Largely influenced modern western society
Student of Socrates
Teacher of Aristotle Life Born 427 BC in Athens, Greece
Born into a high status
Born with the name 'Aristocles' but was later nicknamed Plato (The Broad) because of his wide shoulders
Met Socrates in 407 BC as street philosopher
This changed Plato's thinking
Socrates died in 399 causing Plato to leave Athens
Returned to Athens shortly after and founded a philosophical school to spread his teachings
The Allegory of The Cave We are living our lives in a false perception of
what we believe is true
The actual truth can never be explained
Ignorance to the world around us Writings Sources http://www.biography.com/people/plato-9442588?page=1
The Cave: An Adaptation of Plato's Allegory in Clay
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=69F7GhAS Plato Socrates Born circa 470 BC in Athens
Laid the groundwork for Western systems of logic and philosophy
We know about him through the writings of Plato
Sentenced to death in 399 BC for "corrupting the youth" Aristotle Born circa 384 B.C. in Stagira, Greece
Enrolled in Plato's Academy when he was 17
Began tutoring Alexander the Great in 338 BC Socrates preached his ideas of good
Examining Socrates ideas, Plato became disappointed in existing public and political ideals
Said that society based on such ideals was doomed for destruction and was determined to find a new system
Socrates' Impact Schooling Born into a wealthy family & received good education
Built his understandings of metaphysics (the study of nature) and epistemology (the study of knowledge)
1st Period Written shortly after Socrates' death
Tried to convey Socrates' teachings in writing 2nd Period Written in his own voice on the on the central ideals of justice, courage, wisdom and moderation of the individual and society
Wrote "The Republic" during this time 3rd Period Writes about his early metaphysical (study of nature) ideas
He explores the concepts of dance, music, drama, architecture, morals, and ethics
Theory of Forums- The perceived world through our senses is deceptive and changeable.