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Sports in the 1930s

MSSO Project 2013
by

Krista Forbes

on 3 March 2013

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Transcript of Sports in the 1930s

Krista Forbes
7th Grade
Davison Middle School Sports in the 1930s 1937 1934 In the history of sports, men have always discouraged and looked down on female athletes. In 1837, author Donald Walker, published a book called Exercise for Ladies. This book is known for warning woman against horseback riding and racing because 'it deforms the lower half of the body and can lead to child deformity's'. Horses were a popular animal in 1935. Used on farms and in competitions. With the Kentucky Derby and Horse Races being a common gamble, people everywhere were raving about horses. It was in 1935 that the 61st Kentucky Derby was held.

Earlier that year, on April 2nd Mary Hirsch, was licensed as the first female horse trainer. Even though sports had been around since Before Common Era (B.C.E), women were always excluded from sports. The fact that women weren't allowed to train horses until 1935 (78 years ago*), is just another example of a gender barrier that still existed in sports during the 1930s. 1935 Tennis was one of the many popular sports of the 1930s. In this year specifically, there were over 10 different tennis highlights and championships.These include:

1937 Australian Championships
1937 French Championships
1937 International Lawn Tennis Challenge

Another popular version of tennis is usually referred to as Table Tennis or Ping -Pong. First invented in 1890, it was played with a line of books, as the net, a wine cork or ball of string , as the ball, and a cigar box lid for a racquet. Even though it had been around for 98 years, it didn't become an Olympic sport until 1988. The first manufacture Ping-Pong kit came along in the 1890s, manufactured by the Parker Brothers, a toy manufacturing company. 1930 In the 1930s, before there was technology such as TV and computers, people wanted sports that could be easily played and were fun at the same time. A couple being miniature golf and golf. The first mini golf course was built in 1927, but the game its self didn't become a craze until 1930. Almost all of the holes are designed so that the golfer can't aim the golf ball from the tee directly into the hole. Instead, the golfer must bounce the ball off of the courses walls in order to circumvent one or more obstacles in its path. This teaches aim, as in what angle you have to hit the ball at. 1932 Golf is another important pastime for the early 1930s. With the best public technology being a radio, it was hard to find a sport that could easily be played and score could be easily calculated. Golfs popularity peaked in 1930. During the Great Depression, real estate went up when golf courses were in demand, because it was a cheap recreational activity. 1931 In 1931, the most popular sport was baseball. The sport known as Americas Favorite Pastime was making its debut. A few famous baseball players of the time were Babe Ruth, Lefty Grove, and Jimmie Foxx. These athletes are still idolized today by pro baseball teams such as the New York Yankees, one of the 3 major league baseball teams Babe Ruth played for, and continued to play on for 15 years.A record was set in 1931 by Josh Gibson and Homestead Grays. Josh Gibson hit 70 home runs in one game, leading his team to win the game, 138-6. He played for the Negro Baseball Leagues, because being african-american was still a big sterotype in 1931. His legacy still lives and he is referred to as 'The Black Babe Ruth'. 1936 In 1936, the Olympics were a praised and cherished sport, just as they are today. Countries around the world would send there best athletes to a designated location every four years to compete for the honor of one of the three titles, Gold, Silver or Bronze. But the 1936 olympics were different for countries like Israel and India which has more black people than the entire African continent. That year in 1936, Jewish and Black people were not allowed to play in the games and events. Nazis were on the rise in Berlin, Germany where the games were held. Only one jewish athlete played in the games. Her name was Helene Mayer. he was the German daughter of a Jewish father. She won a silver medal in the woman fencing competition. Even though her German Fencing club membership was executed for racial reasons, the Nazis were pressured, by the international community, in to letting her compete. Upon winning, she gave the Nazi salute. She later became an American citizen. In 1932, both the Winter Olympics and the Summers Olympics were held in the United States. The Winter Olympics, held in February, were located in Lake Placid, NY. It was the first Winter Olympics held in the US. The games began February 4th and closed on the 15th of the same month. Seventeen different countries participated. The US, however finished the games with the highest medal count. (6 Gold, 4 silver, and 2 Bronze). Some of the events included Bobsleigh, Figure Skating and Ice Hockey.

The Summer Olympics or Games of the Olympiad, first held in 1896 , were held in 1932 in Los Angeles, CA. Thirty- Seven different nations sent a total of 1,332 athletes (1,206 men and 126 women). Held in July, th Summer Olympics of 1932 was a memorable one. Due to the Great Depression, many nations were unable to pay for the trip to Los Angeles. Even our US president, Herbert Hoover, skipped the event. Fortunately, the Games boosted our economy, making a profit of $1,000,000. 1933 The year 1933 was the 14nth official season of American Football. During this year, three well-known teams joined the league. They are the Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Eagles, and Cincinnati Reds. College Football is just another version of the popular american sport, in which the teams consist predominantly of college students. One of the greatest upsets in college league football was the 1933 Rose Bowl. The Rose Bowl is an annual football game among college leagues usually played January 1st (New Years Day) in Pasadena, California. At the 1933 Rose Bowl, University of Southern California won over University of Pittsburgh with a score of 35-0. At this time, the Rose Bowl was the only college football bowl. Other games like the Rose Bowl, such as the Sugar Bowl and Orange Bowl, wouldn't begin until 1935.

A celebrity among athletes and football fans during this year was Joe Lillard. He was one of the fastest runners ever in football history and he was one of the few african-american players in the times of racial bias that still existed in the early 20th century. Some might say two was his number. He only played two years(1932-1933), only scored two touchdowns, only scored two extra points, and dropped kicked two field goals. For being such a valuable player he only played 18 games in his 2 year career. He was one of the last negros to play , along with Ray Kemp, until 1946. Mostly because of the color line and that he was a direct target of white players. The Duke Woman's College had denied woman the right to play sports for a long time. It was in 1934 that they first joined other colleges, including the Woman's College of the University of North Carolina, Meredith College, Peace College and St. Mary's College, in the beginning of a revolution. Girls playing on official,co-ed, and school-based teams. Women participated in sports such as "bat ball", volleyball, and "captain ball". This curious change is known and referenced to as 'Play Day'.

Previous to this, woman were dived into non-school-specific teams to discourage any rallying around school pride. Games were arranged so there would be no school names involved at all. Following the sporting events, athletes would be treated to tea and prizes that were "intended solely for entertainment and not to recognize individual achievement". 1938 In 1938, The FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association or International Federation of Association Football) World Cup took place in France on June 4th though June 19th. Fifteen different teams from four confederations competed in the games. It was the third stage of the event when Italian players beat the Hungarians in the final match, 4-2. Due to the fact that the second successive World Cup was going to be held in Europe, Argentina and Uruguay refused to come. Spain also became the first to be prevented from competing by war.

In one of the matches, Germany was beaten 4-2 by Switzerland. This loss, on Germanys part, took place in front of a hostile, bottle-throwing crowd. It was blamed on German coach, Sepp Herberger, on a deafeatist attitude, from the five Austrian players he had been forced to put in the game, due to shortage of Germans. A German journalist, later gave this quote about the match and why Germany lost-

"Germans and Austrians prefer to play against each other, even when they're on the same team!"
-Unrecognized Writer

1939 *as of 2013 Helene Mayer One of the first kits, including a small net, balls, and four racquets. Official FIFA worldcup poster Swing dancing was a popular dance style in the 1930s. A new swing dance was even invented in the 1930s! It is known as the Jitterbug. It's asssociated with other various dances like the Lindy Hop, Jive, and East Coast Swing. The word Jitterbug id derived from an early 20-th centuary slang word, "jitters", referring to an alcoholic. This name was chosen for the dance because of the way people danced around crazily and without any control or awareness, similar to the behavior of a drunk person. Lyrics to a song, "Call of the Jitter Bug" can be considered as an example of the relation between the dance and alcohol-

If you'd like to be a jitter bug,
First thing you must do is get a jug,
Put whiskey, wine and gin within,
And shake it all up and then begin.
Grab a cup and start to toss,
You are drinking jitter sauce!
Don't you worry, you just mug,
And then you'll be a jitter bug! Civilians of 1939 dancing the Jitterbug
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