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Natural Disasters

**(Somerville Int. school project about Natural disasters)**
by

Olivia Bird

on 25 September 2014

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Transcript of Natural Disasters

Natural Disasters...
What organisations provided support for those affected by this disaster?
The Salvation army, Red cross, UNICEF, Red Crescent Societies, World Food Programme (WFP), World Health Organisation (WHO), International Labour Organisation, Food and Agriculture Organisation, Tsunami Rehabilitation Project and International Organisation for Migration.
Definitions
Natural disaster
-
A natural force or event of nature that has catastrophic consequences.
Eg.
A hurricane or volcanic eruption.
The natural disaster caused a lot of destruction.

Man made disaster-
A destructive event caused by humans. Whether it be caused by accident or on purpose.
Eg.
Terrorism or Nuclear bomb.
The man made disaster caused a lot of debate as to who was responsible.
Boxing Day Tsunami
What was the natural disaster?
A tsunami.

Where did it happen?
Inland near Meubolah Sumatra. Sumatra is located close to Malaysia.

When did it happen?
01:00 am 26 December 2004
What kind of support was offered?
Rebuilding of houses/buildings, Emergency relief for the homeless (food rations, medical relief and trauma counselling), Shelter, Bed nets to prevent Malaria, Vaccinations and Schooling.

Timeline...
By Olivia
A 9.1 magnitude earthquake off the coast of Sumatra occurring at a depth of 30 m caused the earthquake.
The fault zone that caused the earthquake was roughly 1.3 k’s long.
The earthquake vertically displaced the sea floor by several meters along that length of 1.3 k’s
The tsunami was 50m tall
The tsunami traveled as far inland as 5km
This is the most widely recorded tsunami in the world, with nearly 1000 tide gauge and eyewitness measurements from around the world reporting a rise in wave height.
An estimated US $10 billion of damages is attributed to the disaster.
230,000 people were reported dead
The quake itself is known by the scientific community as the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake.The resulting tsunami was given various names, including the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, South Asian tsunami, Indonesian tsunami, the Christmas tsunami and the Boxing Day tsunami.
It was one of the deadliest natural disasters in recorded history.
Indonesia was the hardest-hit country, followed by Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand.
Triggered other earthquakes as far away as Alaska.
It was the third largest earthquake ever recorded on a seismograph.
In all, the worldwide community donated more than $14 billion in humanitarian aid.
How did these organisations make a difference?
Two million received food aid.
One million were provided rinking water daily.
240,000 were provided bed nets.
More than 1.2 million children vaccinated against measles
Nearly 847,000 children received vitamin A vaccinations.
Health kits supplied for 1.9 million people.
Surgical kits distributed for 10,000 surgical interventions
More than 561 000 children learning again with school-in-a-box kits.
Paid for the rehabilitation of 1573 schools.
About 1500 temporary houses constructed for 7500 people.
Estimated 211,000 children benefited from psycho social support.
7.84 million dollars donated to survivors.
Built 2,200 houses that were earthquake and flood resistant
In Madifushi, an addition of 20 new tanks increased rainwater storage by 44 per cent.
Before 26th December-

The animals sensed the tsunami coming.
12:59 am 26th December (boxing day)-

A magnitude 9.1 earthquake occurs beneath the ocean.
2:30 am 26th December-
Most of the coast in Sri Lanka, India and Africa get hit. Tourists and locals get swept off the beaches and carried to sea. By this point about a quarter of a million people have died.

2006-2011-

Most of the countries that got affected are now recovered.
Organistaion
Support
The British Red Cross helped thousands by handing out grants. These were used to grow crops, set up shops and farm goats and chickens.
indonesia
maldives
Sri Lanka
Sri lanka- 61%
Maldives- 8%
Indonesia- 31%
Number of houses Christian Aid built
34095
27% temorary
73% permanent
Beds for four...
Why?
For comfort- everyone needs sleep.
Emergency clothing cupboard
Clothes for four people to last them up to one week. Simple white t-shirts and black track pants. Also includes undergarmnets.
Why?
To keep hygiene levels high.
Simple wooden beds.
Couches
2 simple couches to relax on.
Why?
To keep stress levels down and be comforted.
Radio
Why?
We need the radio to listen to any news updates so we know when it's safe to return above ground.
Storage cupboards
Spare Litter trays
Batteries
Spare chemical toilets
Oxygen tanks
2 way radios
Radiation suits
Selfcharging torches
Medication and first aid kit
Matches
Toilet roll
Toiletries for each person
Litter tray
A litter tray that can be emptied into the chemical toilet.
Why?
If you have the oportunity to save your pet you don't want their buisness all over the floor.
This is the entrance to the bunker, it is water proof so that it will not leak when the tsunami washes overhead.
Why?
So that we can get into the bunker.
Pet food bowls
To feed your pets if you get the chance to save them.
Why?
Wouldn't you be over the moon if your pet was still alive so why would you want it to die of starvation.
Chemical toilet
A toilet that will break down all waste so that air stays clean and fresh.
Why?
So that people can go toilet
Water storage cupboard
Water bottles to keep hydrated
Why?
To keep hydrated, alive and healthy.
Food
Dry and canned foods
Dry foods like dried apricot and oatmeal..

Why?
So that we have something to eat.
led-lined water tight bunker.
Bibliography
Wikipedia
Google images
http://www.salvationarmy.org.nz/
http://www.christianaid.org.uk/
http://www.civildefence.govt.nz/
http://dictionary.reference.com/
Prezi
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