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California Mission Project

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by

Connor Vaughan

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of California Mission Project

San Juan Capistrano
Mission Background Life at the Mission:
An Average Day California Mission Project The Great Stone Church by Connor Vaughan
Mr. Young
4th Grade Spanish Mission System WHY Was the Mission System Developed?
1. To convert Native Americans to the Catholic Faith

2.To train the Native Americans to be self-sustaining Spanish citizens

3. To let the Native Americans live a "proper" European lifestyle Spain began claiming land in North and South America,
and used the Mission System to colonize California.
By 1823, 21 Missions lined the California coast. The Bells * San Juan Capistrano was founded in 1776 by Father Junipero Serra.

* It was the 7th mission founded and it converted the Acjachemen Native American group to the Catholic religion.

* The nickname of the mission was "Jewel of the Missions." The Cattle Brand for the San Juan Capistrano Mission looked like this: * The Great Stone Church began construction in 1797.

* The church took 9 years to build.

* The layout is in the shape of a cross.
* On December 8, 1812, an earthquake struck during morning mass.

* The walls crumbled killing 40 Indian worshipers. *There are 4 bells hanging on the bell wall, or campanario.
* The two large bells are replicas.
* The two smaller bells are originals.
* Each bell has its own special inscription.
* The bell inscription I like reads (in English) "Hail Mary most pure. Ruelas made me, and my name is San Juan, 1796." My Visit to the Mission * Men usually did more intense jobs, like adobe brick making, construction, farming, hide tanning (leather making), tallow work, rounding cattle, and black smithing.
* Women usually did the more domestic labor, like food preparation, textile production (weaving), tallow candle and soap making, animal care, child care, laundry, cleaning, and fire wood gathering. Younger Boys

* attended school
* helped their mothers with tasks. Older boys
* apprentencies- learning new skills and helping with planting, harvesting, and other farming needs. Younger girls
* Helped their mothers.
*Learned new skills like weaving and cooking. Food Grown at the Mission
* Indians planted crops that included
* wheat
* barley
* corn
* beans
* peas
* lentils
Indians grew garden vegetables as well.
* onions
* garlic
* tomatoes
* asparagus
* cabbage
*lettuce
*potatoes
*chilies
Orchard crops included:
*apples
* plums
*olives
*pears
*figs
*oranges
*pomegranates I visited Mission San Juan Capistrano with my family in April, 2013. It was a fun day. I got to see the bells, the Great Stone Church, a statue of Junipero Serra, and the small chapel. I also got to pan for gold and make an adobe brick as well as feed the fish. We ended the day by going to mass and eating at Ruby's. This is me lighting a candle in the small chapel. This is me by the Capistrano Bell. Here I am in the Capistrano soldier barracks. Statue of Junipero Serra This is me with my brothers by the bells. Here I am making an adobe brick. Here I am panning for gold.

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