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Chemical Sweeteners

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nicole milligan

on 9 November 2012

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Transcript of Chemical Sweeteners

Chemical Sweeteners Aspartame Saccharin Aceslfame - K Sucralose Neotame Cyclamates Stevia Brazzein The sweetness in Aspartame compared to sugar is 200 times more Aspartame was discovered in 1981 when it was approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in 1981 for carbonated drinks. Then in 1993 it was approved for hard and soft candies, baked goods and mixes, non alcoholic drinks and malt beverages. Aspartame is marketed under the brand name Equal, Nutrasweet, and Spoonful. Apartame is used in:
-soft drinks
-breakfast cereals
-chewing gum Aspatames health risks include:
-slurring of speech
-memory loss
-food cravings
-type 2 diabetes
-weight gain
-high triglyceride levels
-keeps us feeling hungry ADI (Acceptable Daily Intake) for Aspartame is 50 mg/kg body weight per day Per 1 packet of aspartame is equivalent to 2 packets of sugar which has 32 calories compared to aspartame which only has 4 calories Aspartame is not suitable for baking Saccharins sweetness value compared to sugar is 200 - 700 times more Saccharin is used in:
-baked goods
-toothpaste Saccharin was discovered in 1879 The health risks of Saccharin include:
-skin conditions
-sensitivity to light
-toxic effects It has also shown that there is an increase of bladder cancer in laboratory animals in high dozes It is marketed under the name of Sweet'N Low

ADI is 15 mg/kg body weight per day

Per 9 grams of Saccharin it provides 36 calories, at the same weight sugar has 39 calories Aceslfame - K sweetness value compared to sugar is 200 times sweeter Aceslfame - K was discovered and approved for use in 1988 by the FDA Aceslfame - K has been approved for the use of being in:
-chewing gum
-beverage mixes
-soft drinks Aceslfame -K has been marketed under the brand name of Sunett The health risks of using high amounts of Aceslfame - K is that there is a higher risk of breast tumors shown in laboratory animals Aceslfame - K has not been shown to have any calories per gram

it is suitable for the use of baking

ADI is 15 mg/kg body weight per day Sucraloses sweetness value compared to sugar is 600 times more Sucralose was discovered and approved by the FDA in 1998 Sucralose can be found in:
-non alcoholic drinks
- hot and cold beverages
-can be added to your own recipes Sucralose is manufactured under the name of Splenda The health risks of sucralose include:
-type 2 diabetes
-weight gain
-does not digest well
- it does not contribute to tooth decay Per 1 teaspoon of splenda there is 1.6 calories

Per 10 grams of splenda it has 33 calories compared to sugar which has 39 calories

ADI is 5 mg/kg body weight per day Neotame sweetness value compared to sugar is 7,000 to 13,000 times greater Neotame was discovered and approved by the FDA in 2002 for general purposes, but to this day there's not alot of products that that contain neotameand is often blended with other sweeteners Neotame is suitable for baking and it similar to aspartame but sweeter and more stable ADI is 18 mg/kg body weight per day Neotame is often used in:
-soft drinks
-chewing gums
-breath mints
-frozen dairy desserts
-dessert toppings
-fruit preserves
-juices The only health risk with neotame is that it is highly toxic Cyclamates sweetness value compared to sugar is 30 times more Cyclmates was banned in the United States in 1970 because in laboratories it had been shown to cause bladder cancer in rats. Then it was re approved in 1982 for the use in 50 other countries including Canada but not including the U.S. In Canada cyclmates is only for the use of table-top sweeteners and pharmaceuticals. Cyclamates is marketed under the names of Sucaryl and Sugar twin Cyclamates is in:
-baked goods
-soft drinks
-salad dressings
-breakfast cereals The only health risk in cyclamates is that it has shown an increase in bladder cancer. The sweetnessvalue in Stevia compared to sugar is that it is 300 times more sweet. The FDA approved of Stevia in 2008 as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) because it has not been thoroughly researched on yet Stevia has been marketed under the name Trvia and PrueVia There are no health risks in Stevia because it is not absorbed into the blood and therefore leaves the body unchanged Products that cotain Stevia include:
-chewing gums
-rice wines
-soft drinks
-fruit juices
-canned foods
-is used to produce extracts ADI is 0 to 4 mg/kg body weight per day The protein from modified corn contains 4% brazzein, which when purified is up to 1200 times sweeter than sugar Brazzeins sweetness value compared to sugar is 1000 times more Brazzein has been produced from genetically engineered corn and it can be used directly to sweeten food products Brazzein was commercially available in 2009 when it was approved by the FDA Brazzein has been marketed under the name Cweet and is stable enough for the use of baking Brazzein has been shown to have no health risks Brazzien can be used in any product High Fructose Corn Syrup
(HFCS) The health risks for HFCS include:
-can potentially be addictive
-can cause cavities and other dental issues
-weight gain
-type 2 diabetes
-high triglyceride levels HFCS is found in:
-salad dressings
-granola bars
-lunch meats
-pasta sauce
apple sauce HFCS was discovered and invented in the 1970s because it was a low cost substitute and it was ensured to have the same sweetness value of sugar so consumers could not tell the difference. Mogrosides Mogrosides has been used in commercial production since 2010when the FDA granted some of its products to be GRAS Mogrosides sweetness value compared to sugar is 300 times more Mogrosides has been found in:
-Nestle`s Milo
-Kellog cereals
-the basis of McNeil Nutritional`s table-top sweetener Nectresse Mogrosides has not been shown to have any health risks because it is the most recent sweetener Topic: Pick 10 mainstream sweeteners and explore there sweetness value compared to sugar, key products that it is found in, the health risks that are involved and when it was discovered or invented The End
By: Nicole Milligan
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