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Transcript of Kazakhstan Art
Born on December 29, 1917 in Issyk (Enbekshi-Kazakh district, Almaty region)
Born on December 15,1929 in Almaty. A Kazakh woman
Born on August 27,1925 in the village of Oktyabrskoye (Uzynkol district, Kostanay region). A Kazakh. In 1951 he graduated from the Kharkov State Arts Institute. A sculptor. A member to the USSR Union of Artists since 1952
Kazakhstan people national clothes: man’s costumes
Kazakhstan people national clothes: woman’s national dressings
Kazakhstan Arts, Music & Food
Kazakhstan is home to the Kazakh State Kurmangazy Orchestra of Folk Instruments, the Kazakh State Philharmonic Orchestra, the Kazakh National Opera and the Kazakh State Chamber Orchestra. The folk instrument orchestra was named after Kurmangazy, a famous composer and dombra player from the 19th century. Other Kazakh composers include Tattimbet, Sougur, Almaz Serkebayev, Tles Kazhgaliev, Makhambet and Bayserke.
Janiya Aubakirova is an internationally renowned solo pianist. Since 1997 she has been the Rector of Kazakh National Conservatory after Kurmangazy. Under her guidance the conservatory became not only the leading musical university of the country, but the cultural and educational music center of the Republic. Among the results of her work are the International Program ‘Voskhodyaschiye zvezdy’ (‘Rising stars’, since 2001) and various other piano competitions and music festivals. In 1998 she founded the music agency ‘Classica’ which organized concerts in more than 18 countries all over the world and recorded over 30 CDs.
Kazakh music is nomadic and rural, and is closely related to Uzbek and Kyrgyz folk forms. Travelling bards, healers and mystics called akyn are popular, and usually sing either unaccompanied or with a string instrument, especially a dombra or kobyz. Akyn performance contests are called aitys; their lyrics are often social or political, and are generally improvised, witty remarks.
Traditional Kazakh music includes ensembles using instruments like the kobyz (qobuz) or dombra, as well as kyl-kobyz, sherter, sybyzgy, saszyrnay and shankobyz; the most common instrumental traditions are called kobizovaia, sibiz-govaia, and dombrovaia. Many songs are connected to ancient mythology and folk religious beliefs (kui), while others were composed after the rise of authored works (kuishi) by early songwriters (jiray) like Mahmud Kashgari, Kaztygana, Dospanbeta, Shalkiiza and Aktamberdi. The kuishi tradition is said to have peaked in the 19th century, when composers like Kurmangazy, Madi Baliuly and Birjan and singers like Ahan were active. In the 20th century, the first major star was the singer Mayra Shamsutdinova.
Pop music in Kazakhstan has made a resurgence since 2000, with local record labels signing more young musicians than ever. Talent searches have always been an integral part of the Kazakh pop music industry, such as the project Anshi Balapan and Pop Idol spinoff SuperStar KZ broadcast weekly on Kazakh TV. Popular artists include Madina Sadvaqasova, Almas Kishkenbayev, Roman Kim, Makpal Isabekova, Kayrat Tuntekov, Rakhat Turlykhanov, NN Bek, Nurlan & Murat, A-Studio, Musicola, Rin'Go, Pеrsy, Chine Town, Billy Sexcrime, SuperStar, and Urker.
The dombra is a Kazakh stringed musical instrument played by plucking. It has a wooden frame and two strings.
Many traditional songs are played with dombra, which is closely linked to nomadic life. It evokes the first pages of Kazakhstan’s history and became a link stretching across generations.
As famous poet Kadir Mirzaliev said “real Kazakh is not Kazakh, real Kazakh is dombra!”. Kazakh people still respect and play this instrument. In any Kazakh home you will find at least one dombra player.
Dombra varies in length, neck, shape of corpus and amount of frets according to the region. In western Kazakhstan you will find long, thin neck, pear-shaped dombras with 13-14 frets. Dombra in Central Kazakhstan has a wide and short neck, a triangle form, with 6-8 frets.
WHAT IS A DOMBRA?
The Kazakh national legend about celestial, supernatural origin of music and singing dates back to the time immemorial. It tells that once upon a time a divine song while soaring high in the sky flew above the great steppe of Kazak nomads and descended to the earth very low, and therefore the nation that heard it is endowed with great musical gift and abilities by nature. People also say: «The God bestowed a particle of /с/шon the soul of each Kazak from the moment of his birth». It is no mere chance that foreigners who observed the way of life of Kazaks in the 18th-19th centuries were amazed and delighted to note an eye-striking ability of people to creative work, impetuous musical and poetical improvisation and involvement of all population, from infants to elderly people, in musical creation.
"While Kazakhstan maintains a largely functioning society based on culture and tradition, there are a multitude of labor conflicts that have evolved due to more news of company policies and poor working conditions moving forward in world news"
Kazakh Musical Culture
"Music has always been a large aspect in Kazakhstan's culture, I found the following information from music heritage.com detailing the influences that music has had in daily life."
Kazakhstan's food and traditions are a reflection of our country's unique ethnic and religious composition
According to Islamic dietary restrictions pork should not be consumed and alcohol is forbidden. In Kazakhstan the restriction on pork is closely adhered to, but with many Christians, pork is at times available. For the locals, alcohol is now a part of the daily life as the Soviets introduced numerous drinks to the people and today it forms a part of the culture; only the strictest Muslims refrain from drinking alcohol.
Main ingredients in traditional Kazakh cuisine are meat, flour and milk products, though nowadays many other ingredients are common in the cuisine.
- Kazakhs are believed to be among the top countries in tea consumption, almost every meal is followed by tea in Kazakh families.
- Kazakh cuisine is usually not spicy.
- There are many high calorie dishes in the traditional Kazakh cuisine.
Kazakh specialties аrе meat and sour-milk dishes
Kumys - the national drink is made by fermenting raw unpasteurized mare's milk over the course of hours or days, often while stirring or churning. (The physical agitation has similarities to making butter). During the fermentation, lactobacilli bacteria acidify the milk, and yeasts turn it into a carbonated and mildly alcoholic drink.