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Fallacies of an Argument

AP English Language; Project

Ciara Duggan

on 17 September 2012

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Transcript of Fallacies of an Argument

Maggie, Billy, and Ciara Fallacies of Arguements OUTLIERS and other public arguments Chapter 4: The Trouble with Geniuses, Part 2
Scare Tactics
"His father disappeared before Chris was born; he was said to have died in Mexico. His mother's second husband was. her third committed suicide. Her fourth was a failed journalist named Jack Langan." (Gladwell 61)
"Chris left Reed before the final set of exams, leaving him with a row of Fs on hid transcript. In the first semester, he had earned As." (Gladwell 62)

Either or Choices
"'Well, no one sent us the financial statement and we allocated all the scholarship money and it's all gone, so I am afraid you don't have a scholarship here anymore.'" (Gladwell 62)
" This kind of interaction simply doesn't happen with lower class children," (Gladwell 72) Fallacies of Emotional Arguments Dogmatism Fallacies of Ethical Arguments Hasty Generalizations
"At the national team tryouts, the Czech soccer coaches might as well have told everyone born after mid summer that they should pack their bags and go home." (Gladwell, 27)
"So what do you do if you're an athletic young Czech with the misfortune to have ben born in the last part of the year? You can't play soccer." (Gladwell, 31) Fallacies of Logical Argument Slippery Slope
"'My mother was supposed to fill out a parents' financial aid statement for the renewal of that scholarship,'" (Gladwell 62).
"But colleges, particularly small liberal arts colleges like Reed, tend to not be rigid bureaucracies, (Gladwell 65)

Sentimental Appeals
"As a child he dreamt of becoming an academic. He should have a PhD," (Gladwell 63)
" The wealthier parents were heavily involved in their children's free time, shuttling them from one activity to the next, quizzing them about their teachers and coaches and teammates," (Gladwell 69) Bandwagon Appeals
"Without a degree, Langan floundered, (Gladwell 63)
" As it turns out Alex Williams is black and Katie Brindle is white. Its a cultural advantage," (Gladwell 72) Faulty Causality
"But they also got a big head start, an opportunity that they neither deserved nor earned. And that opportunity played a critical role in their success." (Gladwell, 30)
"The professional hockey player starts out a little bit better than his peers. And that little difference leads to an opportunity that makes that difference a bit bigger, and that edge in turn leads to another opportunity, which makes the initially small difference bigger still- and on and on until the hockey player is a genuine outlier." (Gladwell, 30-31) Begging the Question
"Those born in the last quarter of the year might as well give up hockey too." (Gladwell, 32)
"We pretend that success is exclusively a matter of individual merit. But there's nothing in any of the histories we've looked at so far to suggest things are that simple. These are storeis, instead, about people who were giben a special opportunity to work really hard and seized it, and who happened to come of age at a time when that extraordinary effort was rewarded by the rest of society." (Gladwell, 67) Equivocation
"The small initial advantage that the child born in hte early part of the year has over the child born at the end of the year persists." (Gladwell, 28)
"'And they put all the older kids in the advanced stream...'" (Gladwell, 29) Non Sequitur
"...That the systems we set up to determine who gets ahead aren't particularly efficient. We think that starting all-star leagues and gifted programs as early as possible is the best way of ensuring that no talent slips through the cracks." (Gladwell, 31)
"Because we so profoundly personalize success, we miss opportunities to life others onto the top rung." (Gladwell, 32) The Straw Man
"...The problem with this view is that the closer psychologists look at the careers of the gifted, the smaller the rold innate talent seems to play and bigger the role preparations seems to play." (Gladwell, 38)
"...ten thousand hours, of course, is an enormous amount of time. It's all but impossible to reach that number all by yourself by the time you're a young adult." (Gladwell, 42) Faulty Analogy
You can't be poor, because if you have to hold down a part-time job on the side to help make ends meet, there won't be time left in the day to practice enough." (Gladwell, 42)
Parts of the 10,000 rule (Gladwell, Chapter 2) "They can hold more numbers in their heads and do calculations faster..." (Gladwell 230) "That difference means that Asian children learn to count much faster than American Children." (Gladwell 229) Chapter 8: Rice Paddies and Math Tests " 'The Asian system is transparent,' says Karen Fuson, a Northwestern University psychologist...'I think it makes the whole attitude toward math different.' " (Gladwell 230) Appeals to False Authority Paul Ryan vs Obama Ad Hominem "President Obama has been all talk and no leadership." Republican National Convetion
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