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Tok Presentation

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by

Seán Leonard

on 7 May 2014

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Transcript of Tok Presentation

TOK Presentation


Real Life situation
Toledo Blade, Feburary 14th, 1969

FLQ = radical, separatist and terrorist group

Feburary 13th 1969
Montreal Stock Exchange.
27 people injured

Anthropology
Study of human kind
Uses observation as a way of knowing

Some societies are more violent than others, to the extent of some being almost completely pacifistic

How can anthropology help us in knowing when violence is justifiable?

Ethics
Utilitarianism
Possible Flaws in Conclusion
Relies on reason (apply logic) only


Can be difficult to combine with emotion
Conclusion
Violence is common in most societies, and very prevalent in some
Not a necessary feature of every society

Cannot justify violence as a natural part of human nature, but neither can dismiss it as unnatural.

Level of tolerance to violence
Intuitive

Relies on interpretation to make a claim
One society viewing another
Does not always translate easily

Methodology
Subject to bias

-different branches of history

How can history help us in knowing when violence is justifiable?

History
Conclusion
Flaws in Conclusion
Sources
"Toledo Blade - Google News Archive Search." Toledo Blade - Google News Archive Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mormonism_and_violence

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohandas_Karamchand_Gandhi
Knowledge Question
How do we know when violence can be justified?

Sean Leonard
Chloé Guilbert-Savary

Limits of Knowledge Question
Concept of violence can be different:
- cultures
- times in history
Deontology

Branch of philosophy

Study of morality

How can ethics help us in knowing when violence is justifiable?
Semai
2007 - around 43,500 people of the indigenous Semai tribe in Malay Peninsula

No use of violence
Murders and suicides are rare
Disputes solved in large meetings
Will often flee imposters
Have been known to translate the word "hit" as "kill"
No police or courts

Yanomami
Very violent
Yanomami live on the boarder between Brazil and Venezuela
Violence exaggerated in the media (Yanomami: The Fierce People) they do have a violent culture
Warring between tribes
Domestic abuse
Targeting of children in wartime

Possible Flaws in conclusion
UTILITARIANISM
Jeremy Bentham
moral when creates most good for most people
Intentional consequences
Has achieved this idea from reason
Flaw = scapegoat clause

CONCLUSION : Violence can be justified

DEONTOLOGY
Kant
- conformity (or not) to obligations or rules.
- motives of person

Opposition to consequentialism
- results
- end justifies the means

CONCLUSION : Intentions behind violence
Political History
1. Effectiveness of violence

2- Physical victory = victory for ideology.

3- impacts line of thoughts

Violence is
justifiable
through
consequences
and their
repercussions
because it brings
historical change
Important significance shaping the political world of today
E.g. The american civil war
CONCLUSION DRAWN FROM POLITICAL HISTORY :
History

- Political History
- Social History
Ethics

- Utilitarianism
- Deontology
Human Sciences

- Anthropology
AOK-WOK TO EXPLORE KI

Reason
Religious belief systems
Emotion
Possible Flaw In Conclusion
Conclusion
Conclusion
Other Real Life situations
Killing of Osama Bin Laden
Violent revenge
Considered Justified by many Americans
Investigation did not include epistemology of minorities (women, different ethnicities.)
Difficult to take into account different premisses to violent actions;
Did not take into account the emotional state of people while carrying out the violent actions

Reason as WOK to determine what is right/wrong
Creation of moral knowledge
Real Life situation
Bombings of the FLQ :

- level of violence exceeded the tolerance level

-Sovereignty and freedom from oppression


Violence has been part of the past and contributed to shape our world of today

Reason : evaluate violent events according to their branch's focus

THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!

ANY QUESTIONS?
Social History
- Everyday life of ordinary people
- Does not focus on violence


CONCLUSION DRAWN FROM SOCIAL HISTORY

- Very similar to anthropology
- according to one's society
Historians subject to other bias

e.g. Ethics
Behavior involving physical force intended to hurt, damage, or kill someone or something'
violence


As long as the level of violence does not extend past the level of tolerance in that society

and

that it is possible to reason out why violence was used (eg. commonly held value, noble goal..)

violence can be justified

Violence is justifiable if we can use reason to explain why it is morally right
Anthropology-
Violence is justifiable if it does not exceed the level of acceptable violence known intuitively to that society
Political History-
Violence is justifiable if we can use reason to explain how it has brought historical change
Ethics-
Irish Republican army
Terrorist attacks against the English
Commonly held value
Acceptable level of violence
Us as Knowers
Seán
Chloé :

- Society has low level of tolerance for violence
- Bias for political history
-Surprised by reactions to the
bombing
-High level of tolerance for violence
Full transcript