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The Effect of Imperialism on New Zealand

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Julia Schettler

on 10 June 2015

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Transcript of The Effect of Imperialism on New Zealand

New Zealand before British Imperialism
Before the British occupied New Zealand, the islands were inhabited by native tribes of people called Maori. There were no connections to the outside world, and each tribe lived separately. There was no government or leader that ruled over all of New Zealand.
Pros and Cons of British Imperialism


- Native people (Maori) learned to read, write, and were introduced to new cultures
- Learned skills such as sailing, whaling, and other jobs
- Taught to be civilized and left their barbaric ways behind them
- Europeans traded with the Maori, introducing them to plenty of foreign goods
- Trade networks were established. closing the cultural gap between New Zealand and the rest of the world
- Europeans brought literacy to Maori
- The northern tribes were united, chose a flag and signed a letter of independence
- The Maori then trusted the british and called King William IV their ‘father and protector’
- Governor of New South Wales controlled New Zealand for a short period of time before all the Maori chiefs united to sign the Treaty of Waitangi, declaring them an independent state
- Established government with governors who protected the Maori people
- Maori seats were created in the Parliament
- Products such as wool, gold, frozen meat, butter and cheese boosted the economy
- First place to grant women the right to vote


Imperialism's Positive Effect on New Zealand
The British had an overall positive effect on New Zealand and its natives. Before Europeans arrived to the islands, the Maori people were violent, barbaric, and illiterate. Once the British arrived, they taught the people how to read, as well as teaching them European languages, religions, and social norms. Over time, they established trading with other countries, a stable government, and united the tribes of Maori that were previously enemies. The Maori trusted the British, and even called their king (King William IV) their 'father and protector'. A government was formed, and the governors made it their responsibility to protect Maori people and their land. There were even seats made in Parliament for Maori! Products such as wool and gold, and later frozen meat, butter and cheese, brought trade and workers to New Zealand, boosting the economy. Within the time of 100 years, British Imperialism helped turn New Zealand from an island full of savages into an economic and trading powerhouse with its own government and European-like society, while allowing the native Maori people to live on in their native land.
Counterclaim
Although British Imperialism had many positive affects on New Zealand, the Maori people also suffered from the changes. Before the British arrived in New Zealand, the Maori people practiced their own religion, spoke their own language, and had their own culture. Once the British arrived on the island, they immediately started teaching their language, religion, and culture to the Maori. Over time, the presence of the native culture diminished. Despite this, however, the Maori now had a major power on their side, and could communicate and trade with the rest of the world. They had seats in the British Parliament, as well as a government and unity between the different Maori tribes. They went from uncivilized tirbes of people to a fully functioning state because of Imperialism. And although the parts of their culture were definitely lost or lessened after the British arrived, the culture as a whole did not completely disappear, and Maori traditions are still alive in New Zealand today.
New Zealand After Imperialism
After Imperialism, New Zealand transformed from two isolated islands in the Pacific to a functioning colony (later its own country) with a government, trade, and many citizens, both native and European. Overall, the effect Imperialism had on New Zealand and its people was a positive one.
British Occupation of New Zealand
When the British occupied New Zealand, they introduced them to European culture, language, religion, and more. New Zealand and her people were introduced to the entire European world of Imperialism, steam power, and technological advances they never dreamed of. The British found and occupied New Zealand on a scientific trip, but were open to expanding trade and the British Empire.
The Effect of British imperialism on New zealand
by Julia Schettler


-British people took advantage of Maoris who didn’t know they were being cheated
- Natives were massacred
- Englishmen started fights and even wars between the native tribes
- British brought with them diseases (influenza, measles, tuberculosis) that killed off many Maoris
- Maoris were forced by law to follow European religions, language, laws, and social norms; they lost their tribal culture
- Maori people lost their culture and true identity
Evidence Supporting Positive:
Evidence Supporting Negative:
Citations
Pictures:
Natives of Ahuriri, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. Digital image. 1st-art-gallery.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 June 2015.

Map of New Zealand. Digital image. Backpack-newzealand.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 June 2015.

Peace Between Maori and British. Digital image. Aukland Justices of the Peace Association. N.p., 14 Aug. 2014. Web. 4 June 2015.

Woods, Tabitha. Maori Culture. Digital image. Tabitha Woods Photography. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 June 2015.

Websites:
Roberts, Z. "Pros and Cons of the British 'Maori Occupation'" Worldhistoria.com. N.p., 18 Aug. 2009. Web. 04 June 2015.

"A History of New Zealand 1769-1914." History of New Zealand, 1769-1914 -. N.p., 5 Jan. 2015. Web. 05 June 2015.


Timeline
James Cook and his crew are the first British men to step foot in New Zealand. Their arrival signaled the end of Maori isolation and the beginning of a new era for New Zealand.
James Busby was appointed Britain’s first official resident in New Zealand, and the governor of New South Wales was appointed responsibility of New Zealand.
Maori chiefs gathered together with Busby and chose a national flag of New Zealand (1834), as well as signed a Declaration of Independence (1835).
First ship of settlers arrived to New Zealand.
All the Maori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, declaring them an independent state with William as their governor. After the signing of this treaty, New South Wales was no longer in control of New Zealand.
The New Zealand Wars were a result of a few Maori tribes unhappy with the British rule over New Zealand, despite the Treaty.
The discovery of gold in New Zealand. This led to rapid economic growth and trade with other countries.
The colony of New Zealand ceased to exist, it became a dominion within Great Britain.
October 1769:
1833:
1834-35:
1840:
End of 1840:
1845:
1861:
Sept. 26, 1907:
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