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French and Indian War

History Fair

Chelsea Lancaster

on 14 December 2012

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Transcript of French and Indian War

Control! Territory! Raids! Reasons the English and French fought Beginning in 1690 the English began to repeatedly try to conquer the French, they wanted to control North America. The French didn't want to try and conquer them they just wanted to preserve the land they had. The fishing grounds off the coast of Newfoundland brought up another conflict because both of the groups wanted it. Both France and England claimed the inland territory between their settlements. & The English and their Indian allies raided the Indians that were allied with the Spanish and used them for slaves. The French and Indian Wars were four wars fought one right after the other in North America They were fought between France and England between 1690 and 1763. Basic Facts about the French and Indian War King William's War 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 The French and their Indian allies attacked Schenectady, New York and Salmon Falls, New Hampshire. The English then responded by seizing Port-Royal, which was the seat of government in the French region of Acadia. The English also tried to conquer Canada. The Treaty of Ryswick was signed, therefore ending the French war with England. The French war with the Indians ended because of the signing of the Great Peace of Montreal. King Williams War was named for King William. It was fought between the years 1690 and 1702. Grew out of three different struggles in Europe, New York, and New England. In New York, the British Indian allies were challenging the French control of the fur trade. In New England, French Indian allies were resisting English expansion. And in Europe a union of nations fought against French expansion. Basic Information on King Williams War Everyone in these wars fought with support of the Indian allies. Spain controlled Florida Massachusetts Maine England controlled the colonies that lay along the Atlantic coast France controlled Maine and land in Nova Scotia all the way to the St. Lawrence River Valley. The border raids began in 1690... ... and ended when the treaty was signed in 1697 This war was named after Queen Anne of Great Britan and it was fought from 1704 to 1713. This war grew out of a conflict in Europe known as the war of the Spanish Succesion. It was also a result of French Indian allies still resisting English expansion. Queen Anne's War Queen Anne's War 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 The French and their Indian allies devastated Deerfeild, Massachusetts by raiding the New England frontier. The English attacked Acadia. The English (again) attacked Acadia. England became apart of Britain. (which is now apart of the UK) Britian took Port-Royal from the French. The British also overtook the town of St. Augustine. But since they did not take over the fort that was there they had to draw back. The Spanish & French attacked Charleston, South Carolina. But they failed in capturing the city. When the treaty of Utrecht was signed, the war ended. The treaty said that Britain got Newfoundland, the Nova Scotia peninsula, the tiny islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon, and the territory around the Hudson Bay. This war was named for King George the second. It happened between 1744 and 1748. Grew out of the struggle in Europe known as the war of the Austrian Succession. King George's War King George's War 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 French tried to take bake Nova Scotia. Colonial troops under William Pepperell took the French fort of Louisberg on Cape Brenton Island. When the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle was signed Britain and France both got back the land they lost in the war, and the war ended. This war was from 1754 to 1763. It began in America, then moved to Europe in 1756. 'Seven Years Wars' is what this war is called in Canada and Europe. The tension had grown because the territorial rivalries, both empires were expanding so the land was a need. French and Indian War French and Indian War 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 In 1753 the French built a chain of forts to keep the British out, they built them at the east end of the Ohio region. Robert Dinwiddie sent 21-year-old Lieutenant Colonel George Washington to demand that they abandoned their new forts and when they didn't Washington took a small band of troops and tried to force them to withdraw. But the French and Indians defeated Washington at Fort Necessity, which was one of the first battles of the French and Indian war. Representatives of seven of the British colonies met in Albany, New York to discuss further military action. A band of British and colonial soldiers (including George Washington) led by General Edward Braddock tried to take Fort Duquesne. But before they got to the fort they were jumped by the French and there Indian allies. Braddock and many of his men were killed. George Washington led the survivors to safety. In the same year, the British failed in taking Crown Point & Niagra. They did succeed in seizing the two forts Beausejour and Gaspereau on the western edge of Nova Scotia. They opened the land to British settlements once they kicked out the French Acadians. Marquis de Montcalm was put in charge of the French forces in North America. They then captured Fort Oswego. William Pitt became the political leader of the British. Louisburg, Fort Frontenac, and Ticonderoga were captured by the British. Fort William Henry was destroyed by the French and their Indian allies. They also encircled Quebec. General Jame Wolfe's army defeated Montcalm's forces after three months. They were defeated on the plains of Abraham, outside the city. General Jeffery's troops captured Montreal, therefore completing the conquest of Canada. The British then conquered the islands Martinique and Guadeloupe. Spain allied with France. The British captured Cuba. The Treaty of Paris was signed and the final war ended. New Orleans and the land west of the Mississippi that France owned, they gave to Spain. Britian gave Spain Cuba for Florida. Martinique, Guadelope, St-Pierre and Miquelon all went back to France. Who Controlled What??
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