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8 Brief Tales of Lovers
Transcript of 8 Brief Tales of Lovers
This story is etymological because it explains a phenomenon. This story explains how the mulberry tree got its deep red berries. The deep red berried symbolize the everlasting love of Pyramus and Thisbe. Etiological/Etymological?
This story is Etymological because it explains why the nightingales sing the loudest on Mount Olympus. Etiological/Etymological?
This story is an etiological because it explains a phenomenon. It explains the Halycon days, or the seven days of winter when the seas are calm. Summary: Pyramus and Thisbe is a very heartfelt tale about two star-crossed lovers. Their families were rivals and refused to let them be together. The only way they could speak to each other was through a chink in the wall. As night would approach, they had to leave the wall, so they would kiss the wall as if their lips went through. There was finally a day where they became fed up of not being able to see each other. They planned to sneak out that night and meet at the Tomb of Nina, which was a very well known place, underneath the mulberry tree full of white berries. Finally, night fell and Thisbe was the first to sneak out of her home and into the darkness. Pyramus had not yet shown up, but she patiently waited for him, Suddenly, Thisbe saw a lioness approaching and she had just made a kill. She quickly hid herself, but accidently dropped her cloak. Before the lioness returned to her lair, she mouthed it and tore it; this is when Pyramus showed up. He saw Thisbe's cloak drenched in blood and all torn up. The conclusion hit him that Thisbe was dead. Torn at the heart, he plunged himself with his sword and killed himself. knowing he couldn't be with her, he couldn't live. Thisbe, even though she was afraid of the lioness, still knew she couldn't fail Pyramus by not showing up, so she returned to the mulberry tree, but found Pyramus and the white berries drenched in blood. She was devastated knowing that he killed himself because he couldn't be with her, so she plunged the sword into her heart. The gods and the two lover's parents were so heart broken. the deep red berries of the mulberry are a memorial of the everlasting love of these star-crossed lovers. Summary: Orpheus was one of the most talented mortal musicians. He was compared to the gods as a very divine performer. Orpheus was the son of the Muses and the Thracian prince. The Thracians were the most musical of all the peoples of Greece. Orpheus was such a good musician that everything inanimate and animate followed him everywhere he went. He sailed with Jason on the Argo. When the sailors would get weary, Orpheus would play his lyre and the sailors would become happy and their oars would row the boat to the rhythms. He saves the heroes from the Sirens also. He would play his lyre over the Siren's deathly music. Little is known about how he came to fall in love with Eurydice, but it was known that no women could resist the music he would play. They married very quickly, but sadly she died after the wedding by getting stung by a viper. This hurt Orpheus so bad, so he decided he would go into the underworld to retrieve her. Once he got to the underworld, he sang to Hades, simply asking for his wife. No man could resist his song, so he gave Eurydice to him, but he wasn't to look at her until they reached the daylight. He knew Eurydice was behind him, and once he reached the daylight, he looked back, but it was too early. For she was still in the cavern, so she was sent back to the underworld and he was not to retrieve her because he was forbidden. He was sent to he earth alone. He played his music for the animate and inanimate things and the Maenads came by and killed him. The Muses found his limbs on the shore, gathered them, and brought them to Mount Olympus, and to this day, the nightingales sing the loudest there. Summary: Ceyx was the king of Thessaly and the son of Lucifer. His wife was Alcyone who was the daughter of Aeolus. Ceyx and Alcyone were a happily married couple who weren't even away from each other if they didn't have to be. One day, Ceyx decided to take a long journey on the sea. This didn't sit well with Alcyone, for she loved him too much to lose him. She knew how dangerous the waters could get. She knew that people died all of the time, so she offered to go with him. Although Ceyx thought that was a very loving gesture, he had to stick with his heart and go alone. Alcyone was covered in tears. She knew there may be a time where he may not return to her. The night Ceyx left on his ship, there was a very fierce storm brewing. the winds were hurricane-like, the rain fell in sheets, and the waves were as tall as mountains. Though his crew was quivering and terrified, all Ceyx could think about was his loving wife, and he was thankful that she was in safety. He thought about her the entire time his boat was taken over by the waves and he sank. Alcyone was patiently waiting for him to return and the gods thought it was only fair to tell her what happened to him. Juno summoned all the messenger gods to tell Alcyone what happened to her husband. As soon as she found out, she set out to the shore and found his body washed up. She didn't want to live knowing her husband was dead, but the gods were kind and gave her wings to fly over the sea instead of sink. "Every year there are seven days on end when the sea lies still and calm; no breath of wind stirs the waters. These are the days when Alcyone broods over her nest floating on the sea..." Pygmalion & Galatea Summary: Pygmalion was a woman hater. he believed he could never love a woman; all that mattered was his art. He created a sculpture of a beautiful woman. he worked on this sculpture day and night. No one could touch his sculpture. nothing was ever good enough for Pygmalion. Every time he thought he was finished, he knew it still needed to be perfected even more. Finally, he finished his sculpture and realized it was the most beautiful woman he had ever seen. For, he had fallen in love with his sculpture. It tore him apart knowing that she could not feel him. he would kiss her, but there would be no respond. he would touch her, but it was just hard. Venus, the love god, saw this and knew she had to do something. Venus turned the sculpture into a breathing woman. Pygmalion kissed the sculpture and could feel her kiss back. He grabbed her wrists and could feel blood in her veins. This made Pygmalion the happiest man alive. Pygmalion named his love Galatea. Venus married the couple and their son Paphos became Venus' favorite city. Self-fulfilling Prophecy?
Ceyx went off on his journey on the seas, but Alcyone warned him that it'll be rough and he may die. Ceyx didn't listen and he ended up drowning in the sea exactly the way Alcyone said he would. Etiological/Etymological?
This story is etymological because it explains a name of a city. Pygmalion and Galatea's son was named Paphos and Paphos' name was named Venus' favorite city. Baucis & Philemon Summary: When Jupiter became bored of hearing Apollo play the lyre, he and Mercury would often go down to earth disguised as poor peasants and they would beg for food and a place to stay. Most of the people wouldn't enjoy their company. they would be bad hosts by not feeding them, or giving them a place to sleep. Some of them just closed the door in their faces, but one day they came upon a house of an old married couple. The old married couple happily gave them more food than was needed and they gave them a warm place to sleep. the old married couple was so welcoming that the gods finally revealed themselves. Since they were such great hosts, they rewarded them by surrounding their home with water and all of the countryside disappeared. They were also rewarded with whatever their hearts desired. The couple wished to guard the temple that the gods had just created, and they wished they would never have to live without each other. They wanted to die with each other. The gods granted their wish. When they became very old, the old couple kissed each other goodbye. As their lips stayed pressed together, they became trees. that is why the linden and the oak grow from the same trunk. Etiological/Etymological?
This story is an etiological story because it explains a phenomenon. it explains why the linden and the oak tree grow from the same trunk. It is because the old couple died with their lips pressed together while they turned into trees. Guest/Host Relationship?
Bauchis and Philemon were good hosts. They treated their guests with respect by giving them food and a warm place to sleep. They never even questioned their arrival. Endymion Summary: Endymion was a beautiful man. Little was known about what he actually was, but all knew he was beautiful. Selene, the moon, fell in love with him. When she kissed him, she put him into a deep sleep. She would visit him every night, but she was in so much pain because when she tried to show her love, he could never respond to her. They say he was a very lucky man to have such a woman to love him, but it was sad how they could never interact due to his slumber. Self-Fulfilling Prophecy?
Selene loved Endymion so much and she put him into a deep sleep. She knew she would never get to see him awake, but she still kept conig back to lie beside him every night. Daphne Summary: Daphne was a wood nymph who didn't like the thought of marriage or falling in love. She was a huntress who took the heart of Apollo. She was his first love. Daphne's father begged her to fall in love with the men who wooed her, but she refused. Her father wanted a grandson, but Daphne wished to be a virgin like Diana. Suddenly, Apollo catches sight of her and notices how beautiful she looks. Daphne begins to run away from him, but he soon catches up. She ran away because he told her he loved her. As she was running she could feel herself turning into a tree. She screamed out to her father for help, but it was already too late. Apollo said since she couldn't be with him, she would be his tree. She was a laurel, and it is said that when the laurel tree seems to nod, she is happy. Etiological/Etymological?
This story is etiological because it explains a phenomenon. It explains how the laurel tree came to be and how when it seems as though it is nodding, it is just Daphne being happy. Alpheus & Arethusa Etiological/Etymological?
This story is etymological because it explains how the spring Arethusa got its name. Arethus was changed into a spring by Artemis for almost loving a man. It is also etiological because it explains how if you are to throw something into Alpheus' waters, it will end up in Arethusa's waters in Sicily because they often mingle with each other. Summary: Arethusa was a huntress who wanted to follow Artemis in her footsteps as a virgin. Arethusa went into a spring to cool off, for she was tired from the hunt and wanted to bathe in the cool spring. She was swimming around but felt something wasn't right, as though someone else was with her in the spring. All of a sudden, she heard a man voice asking her not to leave so quickly. Without turning around, she gathered her things and ran back to Artemis. Alpheus was the name of the unknown. he was the god of the river and only wanted to tell Arethusa he was in love with her. It is said that she is still not free of Alpheus. They say he turns into a fiver and flows to her and they mingle in the fountain.