Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

APWH Student Portfolio - Ashley Woods

No description
by

ashley woods

on 5 March 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of APWH Student Portfolio - Ashley Woods

APWH Portfolio
Name: Ashley Woods
Unit 1
Unit 2
Unit 3
Unit 4
Unit 5
Unit 6
Humans developed a wider range of tools specially adapted to
different environments from tropics to tundra.
Provide 3 examples of such tools. Also explain the purpose and benefits of the tool in different environments.
Purpose: To carry food and items
Benefits: Do not have to carry as much
Wheel
Purpose: Helps makes carrying heavy items easier.
Benefits: Made traveling easier
Metal Hand Tools
Purpose: increase agricultural production and made hunting easier
Benefits: More food and better protection
#1
#2
In the chart below, indicate the various crops and/or animals, that were domesticated in the respective region. Also indicate the time frame when the domestication first occurred.
Region
When?
Crops
Animals
Explain how these improvements in agricultural production, trade,
and transportation benefit civilizations.
Note: Some should have multiple benefits listed.
Pottery
it made carrying easier
made storing items simpler
did not take up a lot of room
held more water
Woven Textiles
keeps people warm
people wont die from harsh weather
people wont be naked all the time
Wheels
it made traveling easier
used on carts to carry items when groups moved around
helped with advancements for the future
made traveling quicker
Metallurgy
helped with weaponry
made hunting easier
helped with future advancements
helped win wars
Plows
made farming simpler
made farming quicker
faster food surplus
less work for humans
#8
Identify 6 characteristics of early civilizations. Then, explain the importance of each.
writing
One of the earliest form of writing was cuneiform. It helped create the first ways to make records. These records helped traders and business men keep track of what they sell or what they received.
Art & Architecture
Art and Architecture was promoted by religion. Art reflect the society that created the beautiful artwork. It also helped show their culture. Both art and architecture emphasized the importance and accomplishments of human beings.
government
The government created laws and structure the the ancient civilizations. Just having a government led to the rise of many other important characteristics. Government is so important because it showed that there was structure and that people couldn't do anything they wanted
Agriculture
Agriculture has its own revolution. It is such a important characteristic. Ag gave us more food and started many other things too. Some bad Some good. Most important it gave us a greater food surplus.
Cities
Cities were important, because they showed religion, Political Bureaucracies were a major part of cities. Most cities had armies for when war would come to their door, or if somebody tries to beat down their down their door. Cities needed their armies. They still do to this day.
Culture
Culture was major part in characterizing a civilization. Culture showed who the people that lived their were. It showed how they lived. Culture was also traded even though they didn't realize it. Culture mostly showed what a civilization was about. Most civilizations had a different culture than another culture.
#4
CIVILIZATION
Civilization
Political:
• Who is in charge?
• What is power based on? Who gives that person or group power?
• What's the government structure?
• Are there significant wars, treaties, courts, or laws?

Economic:
• How do people earn their food?
• Is it based on agriculture, commerce, industry, or technology?
• What is valued and traded (who is traded with)?

Religious:
• What is the meaning of life? Where did the group come from? What happens when they die?
• What are basic beliefs?
• What documents define the religion?

Social:
• How is the group organized? What are the social classes?
• What are the family and gender relations?
• Are there inequalities?

Intellectual:
• Who are the thinkers? What groups are given the chance to learn?
• Any key specific inventions or innovations?

Art/Architecture:
insert examples of art/architecture
• How do they express themselves?
• What technology or resources are given to art?
• Any key pieces of art, music, writing, literature, etc.

Near:
insert a map showing location of civilization
• In what geographic region is this located? What geographic landscape makes up the region?
• How are the people/events affected by the geography? How do the people interact with their environment?

*Mesopotamia
*Egypt
*Mohenjo Daro/Harappa
*Shang
Olmec
Chavin
• Advanced astronomy & math based on 60

• Kings powerful, but not divine
• Polytheism – gods powerful and often cruel
• Pessimistic view of world, perhaps due to irregular, unpredictable flooding of the rivers
• Cuneiform writing with wedge-shaped characters
• Extensive trade with Egypt and the Indus Valley
• Epic of Gilgamesh
• Early use of bronze tools, chariots
• Hammurabi's Code and lex talionis (law of retaliation)

• City-states and kings in almost constant conflict with one another
• Competition among city states as well as frequent invasions led to less political stability than in Egypt
Large empires in later times
Between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Unpredictable flooding
Fertile Crescent
Modern-day Iraq
• Job specialization: farmers, metallurgists, merchants, craftsmen, political administrators, priests
• Social classes:
1. free land-owning class
2. dependent farmers and
3. artisans
4. slaves for domestic service (could purchase freedom)
• Marriage contracts, veils for women
• women of upper classes less equal than lower class counterparts

• merchant class important
considered the first sedentary agricultural civilization
#5
Complete the chart.
See example for expected body of work
Ziggurats
New Religious Beliefs
Include where the religion developed, basic beliefs, when it developed, and civilizations that practiced the religion.
Hebrew Monotheism
Started Babylon and Ancient Egypt
Basic Beliefs
Monotheistic
Yhwh was considered the only god and their god
WHEN??
600 BCE
WHO??
Hebrews
Vedic Religion
Where?? and When??
India about 1,500 BCE
Basic Belief
reincarnation & karma
polytheistic
Who?
Indus River Valley
Zoroastrianism
When?
1st millennium BCE
Where?
South Asia
Basic Belief
Monotheistic
CALLED
Zoroastrians, Parsis, and Zanoshits
#6
#7
In a paragraph, explain how culture unifies a civilization. Be sure to cite specific aspects of culture as examples in your answer.
#3
In a paragraph, explain how the Neolithic Revolution altered economic and social systems.
Literature was a reflection of culture in various civilizations
Identify the civilization where the text was written and provide a brief summary of the texts. Also explain how the text reflects the culture for which it was written.
The Book of the Dead
Civilization: Egyptians
Purpose: to guide to the underworld
How it reflects the culture: they believed that the journey to the afterlife is extremely important
Epic of Gilgamesh
Civilization: Mesopotamia
Purpose: Death is inevitable and no matter what you do it will happen
How it reflects the culture: It shows that at one point they believed in immortality, but now they embrace death. And they can tell great stories.
Rig Veda
Civilization: Indus River Valley
Purpose: please the God with over 1000 hymns in the form of praises, blessing, sacrifices and curses
How it reflects the culture: Gives high respect to the God
#9
*=River Valley Civs
Important Cities
Cities served as centers of trade, public performance of religious rituals, and political administration for states and empires.
Carthage
Carthage is locate din North Africa. There culture isn't like any other culture out there. They are polytheistic. Their gods are not similar to any other gods. With each different battle came a different type of government.
Alexandria
Was located all over the place. It was founded by Alexander the Great. It was all over the place and different people practiced it. It did not have certain religion or government. Even its culture changed.
Teotihuacan
Was located in modern day Mexico. They believed in may god. They participated in several sacrifices and rituals. There culture is very similar to the egyptians. Government based off of religion.
Persepolis
Was located in present day Iran. Capital of Achaemenid empire. There government was a monarchy. They believed in many gods. Their culture was diverse because of how much they traded.
Pataliputra
Was located in what is now call India. There culture has a little bit of every thing. They traded all around the world. They had a very strong government. The religion that they practiced was of course Hinduism.
Rome
Is of course still located in modern Rome. There culture is very similar to Greece's. They are polytheistic. The myths that they told are apart of their religion and their culture. Their government was a strange mix between democracy and republic.
Athens
Athens was located in Greece. Athens was one of the largest city-states. They believed that Athens was very political and had a strong government. It had its own culture, but it had bits of the other city-states culture as well. They were polytheistic and believed that the gods ruled everything.
Constantinople
Its main religion is Christianity. People could believe in other religions but Christianity was the main one. It had a strong government being the capital of the byzantine. IT had a roman culture, because a roman founded it. The culture began to change over the years.
Chang'an
This civilization was located in modern day China. They had a very common culture like every civilization in china. Had a bureaucracy for a government. They believed in many gods, but also they worshiped their ancestors.
#1
Complete the chart.
See example for expected body of work
Polytheism
Hinduism
Judaism
Confucianism
Daoism
Buddhism
Christianity
Islam
Major Beliefs/Practices
Key People
Text
Role of Women
Spread (Where? & *How?)
When it began
Medical Theories & Practices
Daoism or Taoism impacted china's medical theories and practices by using resources in nature. Daoism treated a sickness differently with each person. Daoism helped china advance in medicine and how to treat each person.
Metallurgy
Daoism influenced the advancements in metallurgy in china. They started to use bronze, a stronger metal, to create most of the weapons that the chinese used. Using bronze helped them form different shapes and sizes.
Architecture
Taoism impacted china with its architecture because they created so much of it. They built temples, palaces, altars and huts all can be used for religious purposes too. These buildings are similar to Buddhist temples as well. The temples helped spread a more religious vibe.
Poetry
there were many poets during the Taoism period
Brought a spiritual meaning to china and helped show how they thought make then. The poetry showed that Taoism can only be known nabout in a vision

Daoism
Explain how Daoism impacted the following aspects of Chinese culture
#2
Ancestor Veneration
Describe the practice of ancestor veneration in the following regions.
Mediterranean Region
Believed in veneration for the gods. The performed rituals for the gods, so they will treat them kindly. They were good to the gods, so the gods were good to them. They believed the gods were their ancestors.
Africa
Ancestors are generally the immediate recipients of prayers and sacrifices. This reflects the profound importance of kinship in the ordering of society. Africans believe ancestors protect the living. They can be approached simply as intermediaries to God. Rituals are performed for the ancestors.
East Asia
In East Asia they believed ancestor's spirit could influence deities on behalf of their living descendents. The oldest son performed rituals to the ancestors, while a younger male (nephew cousin) also took part in the ritual. During ritual it was believe the ancestor used the boy's mouth to speak.
Andean Region
Believed that the deceased were active in maintaining the well being of the living Ancestor reverence included preservation of the deceased in mummified and other forms, such as the keeping of skulls of progenitors. The mummy could be richly clothed and brought out during festivals.
#3
Post examples AND describe the distinct architectural styles that developed during this time period.
India
Greece
Roman Empire
Mesoamerica
#4
Collapse?
Did the empire collapse?
If so, what factors contributed to its demise?
When did the collapse take place?
What were the major repercussions of the collapse?
Civilizations in the region would collapse then be resettled by a group that would adopt similar customs
Factors: invasions, environmental pressures due to overpopulation, internal conflict
Civilization
Political:
• Who is in charge?
• What is power based on? Who gives that person or group power?
• What's the government structure?
• Are there significant wars, treaties, courts, or laws?

Economic:
• How do people earn their food?
• Is it based on agriculture, commerce, industry, or technology?
• What is valued and traded (who is traded with)?

Religious:
• What is the meaning of life? Where did the group come from? What happens when they die?
• What are basic beliefs?
• What documents define the religion?

Social:
• How is the group organized? What are the social classes?
• What are the family and gender relations?
• Are there inequalities?

Intellectual:
• Who are the thinkers? What groups are given the chance to learn?
• Any key specific inventions or innovations?

Art/Architecture:
insert examples of art/architecture
• How do they express themselves?
• What technology or resources are given to art?
• Any key pieces of art, music, writing, literature, etc.

Near:
insert a map showing location of civilization
• In what geographic region is this located? What geographic landscape makes up the region?
• How are the people/events affected by the geography? How do the people interact with their environment?

#5
Complete the chart.
See example for expected body of work
Collapse?
Did the empire collapse?
If so, what factors contributed to its demise?
When did the collapse take place?
What were the major repercussions of the collapse?
SW Asia: Persian Empires
Sassanid
Achaemenid
Parthian
East Asia
Han
Qin
South Asia
Gupta
Maurya
Mediterranean
Roman Empire
Hellenistic Empire
Greece
Mesoamerica
Mayan City-states
Teotihuacan
Andean South America
Moche
Imperial governments projected military power over larger areas using
a variety of techniques.
For each technique, provide a description of how a specific civilization used that technique to project power over larger areas.
Diplomacy
having diplomacy with other civilizations is a good idea because it would mean more to trade and better resources for them. If there is a international relationship culture will spread too.
Developing Supply Lines
Developing supply lines would mean good would be made quicker. If goods are made quicker they can be traded quickly. If trade is done quickly that means more money will be coming in quickly as well.
Building fortification, roads, and defensive walls
China built the Great Wall to keep invaders out. When civilizations used this method to keep people out they have some serious enemies. they used roads, because it made traveling easier it wasn't as hard to walk or ride on.
Drawing new groups of military officers and soldiers from the local
populations or conquered peoples
Developing new military officers and soldiers help the civilizations because it can make their military stronger. If the enroll people whose land has already been conquered they will be ready to fight because they will want to destroy the people who destroyed them.
#6
#7
Corvee
Instead of paying taxes for their good the pay with labor. It was also called Statue Labor. It is unpaid labor by the state given to certain social classes. Mostly the lower classes were the most common for this type of labor. Egypt and China both used this method of labor. China used this labor when building the great wall.
Slavery
A slave is owned by somebody else and a slave will do their owners hard work. A slave lives a hard life they can get beat, yelled at, and sold. Some barley get sleep or even food.
Rents and Tributes
A tribute is wealth that one party will give to another party as a sign of respect. Ancient or Early states would except tributes from the rulers of other lands. Most would pay tributes for alliances if war was to break out.
Peasant Communities
This is a bunch of peasants that are a community. They each have their own special job and they do not believe that one person is better than another one. They are also all poor.
Family and Household Production
This is were a family or just a household is running their own business. They are making their own product in their own home.
Imperial societies relied on a range of methods to maintain the production of food and provide rewards for the loyalty of the elites.
Describe each of the following methods AND list the imperial societies during this period that utilized the method.
#8
#9
In the chart below, indicate the location (a map is sufficient), civilizations involved, major goods traded, climate, and time frame of the major trade routes during this period.
Eurasian Silk Roads
Trans-Saharan Caravan Routes
Indian Ocean Sea Lanes
Mediterranean Sea Lanes
Location
Civilizations
Major Goods
Climate
Time Frame
Other?
Explain both HOW the civilization was spread AND HOW the religion changed as it spread.
Compare and contrast the effects of disease on the Roman and Chinese Empires of this period.
#10
Important Cities
Existing trade routes flourished and promoted the growth of powerful
new trading cities.
Novgorad
Swahili City-States
Calicut
Melaka
Tenochtitlan
Timbuktu
Cahokia
Hangzhou
Venice
#1
Baghdad
The growth of interregional trade in
luxury goods
was encouraged by
significant innovations in previously existing transportation and
commercial technologies
Trace the origins and development of the trade of the following goods. Include who and were the goods were most often traded.
Spices
Silk & Cotton textiles
Porcelain
Slaves
#2
Describe the Hanseatic League. In your description, answer the following questions: What is the Hanseatic League? What was its purpose? Where were the cities located?
#3
Civilization
Political:
• Who is in charge?
• What is power based on? Who gives that person or group power?
• What's the government structure?
• Are there significant wars, treaties, courts, or laws?

Economic:
• How do people earn their food?
• Is it based on agriculture, commerce, industry, or technology?
• What is valued and traded (who is traded with)?

Religious:
• What is the meaning of life? Where did the group come from? What happens when they die?
• What are basic beliefs?
• What documents define the religion?

Social:
• How is the group organized? What are the social classes?
• What are the family and gender relations?
• Are there inequalities?

Intellectual:
• Who are the thinkers? What groups are given the chance to learn?
• Any key specific inventions or innovations?

Art/Architecture:
insert examples of art/architecture
• How do they express themselves?
• What technology or resources are given to art?
• Any key pieces of art, music, writing, literature, etc.

Near:
insert a map showing location of civilization
• In what geographic region is this located? What geographic landscape makes up the region?
• How are the people/events affected by the geography? How do the people interact with their environment?

#4
Complete the chart.
See example for expected body of work
Collapse?
Did the empire collapse?
If so, what factors contributed to its demise?
When did the collapse take place?
What were the major repercussions of the collapse?
China
Song
Sui
Tang
Yuan
Byzantine Empire
Mongols
Islamic Caliphates
Umayyad
Fatimid
Abbasid
Some migrations had a significant environmental impact.
The migration of Bantu-speaking peoples
The maritime migrations of the Polynesian peoples
#5
Compare and contrast the diffusion of literacy, artistic, and cultural traditions of the following:
Buddhism in SE Asia
Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa and SE Asia
#6
Dehli Sultanates
Compare and contrast the feudal systems of Europe and Japan.
#7
City-States
Provide a brief description of the following groups of city-states. In your description, be sure to address how they were organized and governed. Also include a map showing the location of the city-states.
Italian City-States
Swahili City-States
Americas
SE Asian City-States
"Mueang"
#8
Some states synthesized local and borrowed traditions
Provide examples of synthesized and borrowed traditions in the following two interactions.
Persian traditions that
influenced Islamic states
Chinese traditions that
influenced states in Japan
#9
Across the Mongol Empire
Between the Tang and Abbasids
HINT: Battle of Talas
Crusades
Interregional contacts and conflicts between states and empires
encouraged significant technological and cultural transfers.
List examples of technological and cultural transfers that took place in the following events.

#10
Explain the cultural, religious, commercial and governmental function of the following cities.
Explain the cultural, religious, commercial and governmental function of the following cities.
Free Peasant Agriculture
Nomadic Pastoralism
Craft Production and Guild Organization
Coerced Labor
Government Imposed Labor Taxes
Military Obligations
As in the previous period, there were many forms of labor organization.
Provide a specific example of how the following forms of labor organization were utilized in a civilization.
#11
The diffusion of Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and Neoconfucianism
often led to significant changes in gender relations and family structure.
Provide examples of these changes
Buddhism
Christianity
Islam
Neoconfucianism
#12
Pottery
mesopotamia
nile river valley
sub-saharan africa
indus river valley
yellow river valley
mesoamerica
andes
goat, sheep, and pigs
7,000 B.C.E
wheat and beans
cattle, sheep, goats, donkeys,
grain, vegetables
8,000 B.C.E
cattle , camels, horses
5,000 B.C.E
african rice
sesame, peas, barley, and cotton.
buffalo and rabbit
7,000 B.C.E
Rice , yams, bananas
7,000 B.C.E
7,000 B.C.E
5,000 B.C.E
cocoa, avocado
peanuts, sweet potatoes
chicken and pigs
turkey and dogs
llama and guinea pig
The Neolithic Revolution altered economics and social systems in various way some for the better others not so much . Agriculture allowed humans a better food surplus, but that is all that it did. It started the social classes people can argue if this action was good or bad. This revolution divided work between men and women witch was the first step in social classes. This revolution altered economics, by allowing people to make their own clothes, pottery, and food. this started economics.
Pharaoh seen as a god
Social classes, were born into social class
government was a theocracy and it revolved around pharaoh
Nubian war
they either grow their food or hunt for it
Based on agriculture
Gold, papyrus, linen, grain, artifacts (Nubia, Lebanon, Africa & best allies
to create a better life for the afterlife
once dead, bodies are preserved, items placed in tombs
polytheistic, but once a pharaoh a Akhenaten made them mono. but tut brouth the other gods back.
the women had to take care of the families and the men were working
children could go after age 4
some attended general village schools and others attended school for specific jobs
Pyramids
Book of the dead
Sphinx
Nile River
predictable flooding
modern day Egypt
No overthrown by Persians in 525 BCE
Persians handed Egypt to Alexander the great in 332 BCE
There was no single ruler
based on social classes
Courts- groups of priest that control everything
Culture unifies a civilization, because each civilization has different culture. Civilization trade with other civilization and when they trade they spread culture. When a civilization receives different items it helps form there culture. The ancient Egyptians had a different culture than the Chineses.
king or ruler (wang)
mixed religion
power is based on controlled resources
Many wars
power was within the size of your pyramid
priest
shaman has power
not many wars
Agriculture
Ag. gave them most food
trading= good
Economy: slaves did most of the work. Traded through the silk road.
trading was a huge part of economy.
Agriculture
Gender would decide job status
art/pottery
weaving
many stone carvings
buried dead, but later started to cremate
might have worshiped animals
polytheistic
created Hinduism
sacrifices
one god was more powerful than the others
Shaman ruled
could shape shift
polytheistic
dancing and music was popular
born in social class
kings
warriors
Artist
peasants
Based on power
government
craftsmen
farmers
Shaman
then everyone is just below him
writing cant be read
Priest attended school
kings had knowledge
king had knowledge
no one else did
invented silk
developed a number system
also a calender
believed to be the 1st to have a written language
had a great trading system
spread a great influence
not much is known about there educational resources
pottery
gold
small writing that could not be translated
the great bath
used bronze
no cool architecture
weapons
pictures carved in the wall
statues
temples
pottery
Tello Obelisk
tenon heads
Lanzon
Pakistan
Indus river
plains used for farming
they were everywhere due to fighting
gulf of Mexico
Yukana Peninsula
Rainforest everywhere
Peru
desert coast
mountains
1800BCE they started to fall
1700BCE cities and homes abandoned
attacked by the Aryans
Zhou took over this dynasty
Mayans took over
not sure what happened
some say the fell around 400 BCE
UNKNOWN
1500-500BCE
vishnu, shiva, shaki
reincarnation, ones actions decides their fate in the afterlife
Veda
not equal to men have to stay home and clean
southeast Asia
how?
sometime during the neolithic ERa, people started believing
sun god
sky god
earth god
underworld and death gods
many gods
odyssey, poems
2000 BCE
Abraham
Moses
only one god
Moses 1st great prophet
seen and are somewhat equal
Israel
500 BCE
Laozi
Naturalist
strong emphasis on nature
Zhuangzi
Daozang

yang girl
yin man both important
china by silk road
610 CE
Muhammad
Allah
Jesus
Allah only god
Qur'an
lesser than men
middle East
N. Africa
SE Asia
EVERYWHERE
depends
500 BCE
AShoka
Empress Wu of Zhou
8fold path and 4 noble truths
sutras
looked down upon
southwards toward china
40 ce
Jesus
1 god
heaven and hell
bible
became nun
men held higher status
near east
tanakh
551-479 BCE
Confucius
to do the right thing while alive
Analects
men are believed to be greater than women
throughout china
SE Asia
Round
pointing to the sun
a bunch of grooves
very colorful
Bright colors
Columns
naked bodies (they thought the human body was beautiful)
Were colorful but the paint wore off.
known for their arches
influenced by the greeks
Also known for their domes
marble buildings
built Colosseum
large, round arches
platform Pyramids
Talud & tablero
Looks like a pyramid but it is flatter.
Also looks like it has stairs on it
Qin Shinuangdi emperor
Strong gov't
united various feudal kingdoms
started 221BCE
combined many separate walls into one huge one
high buildings
terracotta army
when Shinuangdi died so did empire at the hands of peasants who hated him (209 BCE)
Liu Bang founded
Had written laws
Agriculture was a big key
traded with the west
traded silk and types of food
Silk Road started here
liu bang helped rise ag.
Ag. hit its fist peak
dead moved to another world
believed in Shin and yin (translating to spirits and shadows)
meaning of life please your ancestors
men hold upper hand women not as looked down upon
Young boys (and girls) very respectful to their elders
no
invented the terracotta army
weights & measures
SE China
high hill in which the great wall is built
had to take a test to work for gov't (anyone could take)
200 BCE
split into two western and eastern
bureaucracy
traded with foreign countries
Roman empire
imperial rule
played a great role
ancestor worship
meaning of life please ancestors
often had rituals and sacrifices
Spirit will travel to another world when dead
ladies work extremely hard
men got more respect
women expected to obey will of father then husband, then their adult son
Cooked and cleaned, weaving clothes
smithery
earth ware
silk road
metallurgy
bamboo scrolls
papermaking process
wheel barrel
tombs had artful pictures on the walls
pottery
Stone pillars
used timber one buildings
multi-story towers
All that is left are some bricks and earth
walls
great wall
located in South East China
Located near the Yellow river
surronded my high hills
200 CE
Slowly started to decline
invaders took over
Founded by Cyrus the great
treaties : Peace of Antaliciads
Courts: imperial courts
Continued local gov't structures
Persian war : conflict with Persia and polis (city-state)
largest empire
first Persian empire
highest- wealthy families
middle- Zoroastrians
last- everyone else
city-states (polis)
each own gov't
wars: peloponnesian war
Sparta and Persia
democracy
used but not everywhere
not a thriving economic sector
traded with Mediterranean
based on industry
traded pottery
believed in gods.
worshiped the god
polytheistic
Gods not great role models.
gods could damage anything
myths very common
Sparta more egalitarian, had more women rights
but in other city states women not as equal
women had to be strong like men
lever
streets
crossbow
showers
lighthouse
water wheel
clock tower
different types of columns
Sculptures of the human body
(though human body was beautiful)
pottery with black glaze
known for the black glaze on their pottery
become huge during the Hellenistic period
ancient temples that still stand today (kinda)
Used stone for architecture
coins or money
mountainous
almost completely surrounded by the Mediterranean sea
peninsula - had a large supply of water. Which helped with food. they were skilled fishermen as well

states fought each other
Rome attacked (Phillip 2)
people could not support themselves
600CE
king was very important to the people. when he died had special ceremony to honor him. The king ruled everything. He/She made the decisions.
Agriculture and fishing is their major food surplus. They were big for their maize and for beans. When the farmed had a decent food surplus. They maintained a fairly elaborate trading network.
Many rituals were performed to please the gods. Also many scarifies were made, the victims would either cut their throats, were decapitated or they jumped off a cliff. Held and tortured victims before they sacrificing them.

Women -queens ruled during part of the Moche history. Social Classes: kings/queens - nobility/priests - warriors - farmers/hunters Probably patriarchal through most of history, but evidence of female rule indicate more equality than most civilizations during the time period
welding
use of copper and gold
located west coast of Peru. Next to the Pacific ocean. very high hill, but also there is flat land where they built the pyramid.
No one knows why it truly collapsed. Possibly loss of resources and over population. It collapsed around 700CE

small pyramids
World's 3rd largest Pyramid - Pyramid of the sun
art work had very small details
pyramid of the moon
Vibrant murals (great goddess
used bright and dull color in their artwork
polytheistic
many gods
sun god had the largest pyramid named after him

Base of Mexico
Highland of central Mexico

flat land to built pyramids on
Sassanid: absolute monarchy. Overarching ruler known as the "king of kings". Many other rulers presided over smaller territories. (There were two queens in its history). Kings would seek/accept the advice of ministries who acted as advisers. Hereditary rule was typical. Wars - Rome.

Hinduism was clearly the religion favored by the empire's rulers, Buddhism still flourished with lower class people in the region. Basic beliefs

avenue of the dead (main road through teo.)
Architecture stressed city planning that conformed to the environment. Sculpture - draped clothing is characteristic of Hellenistic art, as well as 360 degree detailed statues. Paintings/mosaics. Insert pictures of Venus de Milo, Alexander Mosaic, and Laocoon and Sons.

invaders attacked the city by sacking and burning it

burning was limited to the structures and dwellings associated primarily with the ruling class
Now archeologist believe the destruction was centered on the major civic structure the Avenue of the Dead
population decreased during the 6th century
iconography is the closest thing they had to writing. Impressive textile weaving (wool). Detailed ceramics, including sex pots. Pottery is some of the most varied in the world (used mold technology). Irrigation canals, gold work, and monumental architect. (Temple of the Sun).

Politics based on religion. The religious leaders WERE ALSO the political leaders. Most scholars believe Teotihuacan was lead by a single ruler probably thought to be partially divine. Unlike the Maya, little is known of individual rulers. Possibly conflict with Maya.

located in present day India
capital was called pataliputra
went from Arabian sea to the Bay of Bengal
located in present day India
had three different rivers that helped provide their food surplus
located on the Greek peninsula
still located near water.
Grew on the Italian Peninsula
located near the Mediterranean Sea
located in present day Rome
Was a beautiful city with rolling hills and high mountains
Showed greek influence in their art work. Frescoes were used to adorn the walls and the ceilings. They were known for their portrait sculptures. They used Latin literature when writing or speaking. This was also influenced by the Greeks.
had its fair share of rain forest
was not right by the ocean
Had a couple of famous cities (Tikal and Palenque)
Located in present day Iran
Settled near the Arabian sea but still not big fishers
central Asia
lays in between the Caspian sea and the Gulf of Mexico
surrounds include modern day Iran.
Mountainous
The desert is located in Parthian
The border of the Caspian Sea
The Khuzestan plain
Located in parts of present day Iran and Afghanistan
stretched to the Mediterranean sea
Very mountainous- helped shape the political and economic history
no major river
Julius Caesar most famous ruler
Second most famous Augustus Caesar
ruled by kings
Roman Republic resulted in a democracy
Punic war Between Rome and Carthage
After Alexander the great's death
the Hellenistic period was actually 3 kingdoms
mostly Greek culture, but adapted to other cultures as well
Used Agriculture to get a larger food surplus
Used free traded which change the Italian landscape
The mined for stones which helped build their buildings
Like Greece they were polytheistic
they Worshiped the same gods but they had different god (same gods as Greece).
They also created myths about the god
believed everybody or thing had their own divine soul
Christianity was not prohibited. Those who followed could possibly die.
Alexander the great took over Greece
Hellenistic period also used Agriculture to have a large food surplus
traded with kingdoms and countries around them
Greek gods continued to be worshiped
Same rights were practiced as before
they added some other religion to the Hellenistic religion
They added different gods from different civilizations
worshiped Hellenistic rulers
they believed in magic (charms and oracles)

women still below men
they had certain boundaries set upon that dealt with their interaction
advancements in science
advancements in mathematical areas
astronomy
Rome started to rise with power
Rome took over most of Greece
Finally Rome destroyed the Hellenism kingdoms
It is hard to know what they truly invented.
advanced technology
advanced medicine
socks (advanced clothing)
board and ball games (jacks)
several civil wars
invaders were making them less powerful
battle after battle
became to weak
497 CE Rome fell
320 BCE
Chandra Gupta (ruler)
smaller than Mauryan
considered the golden age
ruling passed over to Gupta's son Samudra
he believed in no mercy
didn't have elaborated trading system
Agriculture still flourishing
produced wheat, fruits, and more
women lost all rights
men under control of men
lost right to own land
could not participate in rituals
child marriage ( young girls about 6 or 7 married to 40 year old men
the proposed that the earth was round
they also found out about gravity
made basic chess game
pi and zero
decimal system
gold coins
sculptures
used dull colors
collapsed under the pressure of the White Huns
550 CE
321 BCE
Ashoka took it to higher points
had a strong military
used silk road for trade
like most civilization agriculture was the largest way they got their food supply
converted to Buddhism
preached nonviolence
reminded the people to live generous and righteous lives
had very little rights
had more rights than other civilizations might
women could marry and leave their husbands if wanted to.
advanced the calendar
made it more modern
a easier way to dry clothes
liked to carve into stone
used stone for a lot of their sculptures
had their own set of coins
sculpted their god
used stone
Ashoka died 232 CE
empire falls shortly after his death

traded all though out Asia
used Agriculture for food
Cyrus allowed jew to return to their homeland
no gods, but believed in earth's elements (water, fire, dirt, etc)
bricks
postal system
bill of rights
temples made for worship
use metals for their artwork
timber
gold

many invasions
certain wars weakened the empire
Had a strong government. With that strong government came a stronger military. This period was a monarchy. It had many rulers or kings. Kings had help form some of the people for advice.
traded mostly with people or civilizations around it
big with Agriculture
had various religions, beliefs etc
had Jews, early christians people that did not believe in gods
same as achaemenid empire
invented stealing
recurved bow
had their own battle strategy
used color
used gold a lot
combined Greek and Iranian art
painted and sculpted
king Vologases 11 had to give up his throne
rebellions broke out
at same time jew revolted
weakness caused true disaster
more wars lost territory
just gave up

traded mostly through Asia
Zoroastrianism
same as other two
had tall buildings
like to sculpt
and paintings were common
took five years till it actually fell
rulers made bad decisions when it came to wars
to many wars led to destruction
had tons of farm land
they were farmers
used agriculture for food surplus
planted wheat, maize, beans
women lost all rights that they once had.
men were always above them
women had certain rights
but men were still seen as superior
invented a different type of pyramid
longest road
kings ruled all.. Everybody believed that the kings was also a god. they believed if they pleased him that they will not be punished when they died.
Used agriculture for a large food surplus. Gods maintained Agriculture cycles.
Gods created humans out of maize (corn) water. They were polytheistic. If they had sacrifices, blood rituals or prayed the gods would maintain the agriculture cycles.
women were mostly the ones that got sacrificed
men had to all the hard work
women farmed the most

complete calendar system
number system they also included zero
built pyramids
used hieroglyphics
no one really knows
believes it could be civil wars
over populations
exhaustion of resources
Connected South Asia's oldest civilizations and parts of the Mediterranean civilizations
It was first established during the Han dynasty
the climate is very harsh
sandstorms are common
Very hot during the day, cold during the night

200 BCE and 1450 CE
Network of sea and land routes
height of trading period with the mongols


gold, precious metals and stones, ivory, coral, spices, tea, paper, textiles, and chinaware, while westbound caravans transported furs, ceramics, incense, cinnamon bark and rhubarb as well as bronze weapons

India
Gupta empire
Muslim traders
Roman
Carthage
Salt
cloth
beads
metals
The Saharan desert
arid
decent precipitation
not fit for agriculture
along the coast
traded through the 8th century until the late 16th century
camels were very useful during this trading time
Mesopotamia
Egypt
Indus valley
Indian subcontinent
gold
pottery
fruits
jewels
warm through out the year
climate very dependent on monsoons
the wind could be very strong in certain months
began 800 CE
ended 1500 CE
Indian merchants were ranked high for the time period
Mediterranean civilizations
Rome
Greece
Africa
Spain
metals
glass ware
salt
sugar
cotton
oil
silver

The water was calm
not very much precipitation
the desert was dry and arid
began 3000 BCE
ended 1000 BCE
the silk road influenced the good that were traded
When roads, buildings, farms, cities started to form more people started to move into the city which caused germs to spread and eventually so did diseases. The diseases would not just spread within the cities it would spread to other civilizations as well. Europe, Asia, Africa, Rome, Greece and China all had different effects with the diseases that were spreading. China And Rome were affected with diseases such as small pox, measles, and the bubonic plague. With these disease spreading around people would question their religion. In Rome Christianity seamed to spread more than in China. While in China disease open up the spread of Buddhism.
Full transcript