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The American Revolution
Transcript of The American Revolution
Prohibited settlements west of the line (for Colonists)
Satisfied the Natives 1763 1764 The Sugar Act Taxes were put on sugar and molasses Boycotting sugar 1765 - 1766 (2 years after the "Seven Years' war ended) Stamp Act Taxes paid in the form of stamps to stick on The Americans - ENRAGED !!!! No representative in Britain - Taxed without consent
After knowing that Britain was in great debt because of the "7-years war" Mobs terrorized tax collectors (tarred & feathered)
The House of Governor Hutchinson of Massachusetts' wrecked by the mob Even many English sided with the Americans
(Moreover!) Officials were afraid to enforce tax now Stamp act repealed in 1766 1767 Townshend Act Taxes placed on glass, silk, paper,
paint, lead, and tea Boycotting on British goods Sale of British products fell by 2/3 Taxes were dropped on everything (exp. tea) in 1770 1770 The Boston Massacre British soldiers fired their muskets into a mob, killing several, because of a misunderstanding on an order. Over the next few years, violent incidents in the 13 Colonies stated that Americans were on the brink of revolution. The Tea Act 1773 (A Tax on tea) Colonists were only allowed to purchase tea from Britain (or colonies of Britain) In protest, colonists refused admittance for ships from the East India Company for selling tea The Boston Tea Party 1773 50 Bostonian (or, "Sons of Liberty") disguised as Mohawks, threw 3 boatloads of tea from British ships into the harbour to protest the Tea Act (This was a well organized protest with supervising leaders) Greatly damaged British economy Later, Britain closed Boston to all shipping until all destroyed tea was paid. Public meetings in Boston were also forbidden, and 4000 British troops were stationed in the area (around 1:4 - soldier:Bostonian)! The INTOLERABLE Acts 1774 gave Quebec the largest piece of land in Britishi North America (including the OHIO TERRITORY !!! The Quebec Act Colonists started to boycott British goods Many were even secretly beginning to collect arms and ammunition And raised an army of 122000 men (2/3 were "minutemen" - armed & ready to fight at a momment's notice (A Time Line bringing you back into history into... THE REVOLUTION 1774 The First Continental Congress When Quebec Act was passed, delegates from all 13 Colonies came to the 1st Con. Congress in Philadelphia Leaders soon demanded boycott of ALL goods from Britain & stored weapons and trained an army. -- General Gage of Britain readied thousands of British troops from his headquater in Boston. This was the 1st step toward full independence from Britain ! BEGAN 1775 The first shot of revolution was fired at Lexington. A shot from an American caused the British line to start firing. At first, the British tried to mediate the Americans to leave and they would not fire at them. BUT... And the first major battle was fought near Bunker Hill in Boston. (With Colonial leader George Washington,
the Americans put a sizable force to fight) In 1775, Americans led by Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold tried and failed to seize Quebec. This convinced Canadiens to stay loyal to Britain 1776 The Declaration of Independence The colonial delegates decided to draft a statement declaring independence from Britain This was an important statement of principles of democracy & freedom! And now.. France decided to join this war in favour of the Americans... This swung the American force in balance with the British' . In 1781... Britain lost their whole army in the battle of Yorktown. 1783 Sir Guy Carleton surrendered the ports of Savannah & Charleston. Following: the abandonment of New York (the last British stronghold) of the revolutionary WAR. STATING... THE END Thank You ! The Royal Proclamation Line The Thirteen Colonies 1763 The Treaty of PARIS In 1763 the war (in Europe) between Britain and France had ended, with France giving up all its possessions in New France to Britain, retainning only 2 islands: St. Pierre & Miquelon Islands. Starting with... Though this declaration did not end the revolutionary war (infact the war continued for another 7 years) !!! AND...
Finally... Bibliography http://www.artsandsciences.leon.k12.fl.us/MS-SocialStudies/Photo%20Bank/13-colonies-map.png
http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large/the-boston-tea-party-luis-arcas-brauner.jpg Crossroads: A Meeting of Nations(Michael Cranny) Note - George Washington: A colonial Leader
Also Commander of the Continental Army
Later... 1st President of the United States! Also officially made Quebec a British Colony. THOUGH Quebec was not allowed a REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT And the Colonist started to worry about their own political freedom. This was heavily influenced by John Locke's theory. (Colonists)