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Responses to National Growth
Transcript of Responses to National Growth
- Began in America in 1790's when Samuel Slater "Father of the Factory System" fled from Britain with stolen plans for a thread spinning machine
- This spawned the creation of numerous machines and technology advancements that brought immense production and wealth to the American economy
- American citizens felt passionately that God had destined the American people to spread their ideals over the continent (possibly the western hemisphere)
From Sea To Shining Sea
- This leads to:
1. Aggressive Migration
2. Growing Population
3. Near Wars
in Maine v. Britain
"54'40' or Fight"
Early Reform Movements
- Reform movements of the 1820's, 30's and 40's all sought to bring about
within American society and the American workplace.
- Many Americans were concerned about the souls of Americans as the country began to urbanize and grow
- The 3 largest reform movements of the time period were
public school reform
"The Early Years"
- The movement for women's suffrage grew out of the other reform movements
- Temperance -
WCTU, Carrie Nation
- Abolitionism -
Lucretia Mott, the Grimke Sisters and Harriet Beecher Stowe
- Prison Reform -
- Women's Emancipation/Suffrage grew in Seneca Falls, New York under women like:
- Elizabeth Cady Stanton
- Susan B. Anthony
- Lucretia Mott
- Industrial Revolution spawned the creation of the
and the policy of
- Working conditions were awful (
long hours, little pay, no benefits, factories were unsafe, labor unions and strikes were forbidden by law
- Many workers were cheap immigrants (
Irish and German
- Commonwealth v. Hunt -
labor unions were not illegal, their methods must be "honorable and peaceful"
- Few women worked in factories-
"cult of domesticity"
- Farming Revolution
- mechanized reaper
- Transportation Revolution
- Trains, clipper ships, and the Pony Express
- Market Revolution
- large companies, small monopolies, and the death of subsistence farming
Public School Reform
the "little red schoolhouse"
- Horace Mann, Massachusetts
- Schools should be supported by taxes
- Teachers should be trained
- Children should be required to go
- Replacing English spelling with
- Labour - Labor
- Olde - Old
- Establishing age-based educational lessons (predecessor of
- Gave birth to first
American Literary Writers
Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson
Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Susan B. Anthony
- Refers to the rise in
among everyday American citizens
- Directly associated with the election and Presidency of
- Begins with the Presidential Election of 1824 - known as the "
Nullification Crisis of 1828
- caused by the
Tariff of 1828
John C. Calhoun
adopted the policy of "Nullification" - voiding federal law
- foreshadows secession and Civil War
Indian Removal Act of 1830
- Jackson thinks he is helping both Whites and Indians
- Supreme Court declares law unconstitutional
- Jackson removes them anyway - "
Marshall made his ruling, now let him enforce it
- Jackson appoints his political allies
- Constantly replaces cabinet officials
- Universal Suffrage
- Jackson expands voting rights to "
all white males
- gives birth to "
log cabin campaigns
- results in large voter turnouts
- The "Bank War"
- Jackson wages a personal war against the National Bank and Henry Clay
- Successfully destroys the BUS
- Results in an economic panic of 1837
John C. Calhoun