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Responses to National Growth

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Jerrid Harris

on 24 October 2013

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Transcript of Responses to National Growth

Standard 7a-7e
Industrial Revolution
- Began in America in 1790's when Samuel Slater "Father of the Factory System" fled from Britain with stolen plans for a thread spinning machine

- This spawned the creation of numerous machines and technology advancements that brought immense production and wealth to the American economy
Manifest Destiny
- American citizens felt passionately that God had destined the American people to spread their ideals over the continent (possibly the western hemisphere)
From Sea To Shining Sea

- This leads to:
1. Aggressive Migration
2. Growing Population
3. Near Wars
Aroostook War
in Maine v. Britain
Oregon dispute
v. Russia
"54'40' or Fight"
Mexican-American War
over Texas
Early Reform Movements
- Reform movements of the 1820's, 30's and 40's all sought to bring about
within American society and the American workplace.

- Many Americans were concerned about the souls of Americans as the country began to urbanize and grow

- The 3 largest reform movements of the time period were
, and
public school reform

Women's Suffrage
"The Early Years"
- The movement for women's suffrage grew out of the other reform movements
- Temperance -
WCTU, Carrie Nation
- Abolitionism -
Lucretia Mott, the Grimke Sisters and Harriet Beecher Stowe
- Prison Reform -
Dorothea Dix

- Women's Emancipation/Suffrage grew in Seneca Falls, New York under women like:
- Elizabeth Cady Stanton
- Susan B. Anthony
- Lucretia Mott
AP Extensions
- Industrial Revolution spawned the creation of the
Patent Office
and the policy of
Limited Liability
- Working conditions were awful (
long hours, little pay, no benefits, factories were unsafe, labor unions and strikes were forbidden by law
- Many workers were cheap immigrants (
Irish and German
- Commonwealth v. Hunt -
labor unions were not illegal, their methods must be "honorable and peaceful"

- Few women worked in factories-
"cult of domesticity"
- Farming Revolution
- mechanized reaper
- Transportation Revolution
- Trains, clipper ships, and the Pony Express
- Market Revolution
- large companies, small monopolies, and the death of subsistence farming
Public School Reform
the "little red schoolhouse"
- Horace Mann, Massachusetts
- Schools should be supported by taxes
- Teachers should be trained
- Children should be required to go

- Replacing English spelling with
American spelling
- Labour - Labor
- Olde - Old

- Establishing age-based educational lessons (predecessor of
grade levels

- Gave birth to first
American Literary Writers
Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson
Carrie Nation
Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Susan B. Anthony
Lucretia Mott
Abigail Adams
Jacksonian Democracy
- Refers to the rise in
political involvement
among everyday American citizens

- Directly associated with the election and Presidency of
Andrew Jackson

- Begins with the Presidential Election of 1824 - known as the "
Corrupt Bargain
Responses to
National Growth

Jackson's Presidency
Nullification Crisis of 1828
- caused by the
Tariff of 1828
John C. Calhoun
adopted the policy of "Nullification" - voiding federal law
- foreshadows secession and Civil War
Indian Removal Act of 1830
- Jackson thinks he is helping both Whites and Indians
- Supreme Court declares law unconstitutional
- Jackson removes them anyway - "
Marshall made his ruling, now let him enforce it
Spoils System
- Jackson appoints his political allies
- Constantly replaces cabinet officials
- Universal Suffrage
- Jackson expands voting rights to "
all white males
- gives birth to "
log cabin campaigns
- results in large voter turnouts
- The "Bank War"
- Jackson wages a personal war against the National Bank and Henry Clay
- Successfully destroys the BUS
- Results in an economic panic of 1837
John C. Calhoun
Full transcript