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Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood

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Deepesh Khemnani

on 6 October 2013

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Transcript of Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood

Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood
From the inception of the League, after World War I, to its demise in 1946, Cecil's public life was almost totally devoted to the League. At the Paris Peace Conference, he was the British representative in charge of negotiations for a League of Nations; from 1920 until 1922, he represented the Dominion of South Africa in the League Assembly; in 1923 he made a five-week tour of the United States, explaining the League to American audiences. In the Conservative administrations of 1923 to 1924, and 1924 to 1927 he was the minister responsible, under the jurisdiction of the Foreign Secretary, for British activities in League affairs.
Although an official delegate to the League as late as 1932, Cecil worked independently to mobilise public opinion in support of the League. He was president of the British League of Nations Union from 1923 to 1945, and joint founder and president, with a French Jurist, of the International Peace Campaign, known in France as Rassemblement universel pour la paix. Among his publications during this period were The Way of Peace (1928), a collection of lectures on the League; A Great Experiment (1941), a personalised account of his relationship to the League of Nations; and All the Way (1949), a more complete autobiography.
In the spring of 1946, he participated in the final meetings of the League at Geneva, ending his speech with the sentence: "The League is dead; long live the United Nations!"He lived for thirteen more years, occasionally occupying his place in the House of Lords, and supporting international efforts for peace through his honorary life presidency of the United Nations Association.
Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, known as Lord Robert Cecil from 1868 to 1923 was a lawyer , Politician and diplomat. He was born on 14th September 1864
He was one of the architects of the League of Nations and a defender of it, whose service to the organisation saw him awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1937.
Cecil was born at Cavendish Square, London, the sixth child and third son of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
He was educated at home until he was thirteen and then spent four years at Eton College.
"The league is dead: long live the United Nation"- Robert Cecil (14 September 1864 to 24 November 1958)
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