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Unit 8: Cold War and Civil Rights (1945-1980)

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Dustin Kipp

on 29 May 2018

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Transcript of Unit 8: Cold War and Civil Rights (1945-1980)

Unit 8: Cold War and Civil Rights (1945-1980)
Day 1
Do Now:




Assign Yourself:
Objective:
SWBAT analyze the origins of the Cold War and explain its broad ideological, economic, political, and military components
Day 2
Exit Ticket
Do Now:





Assign Yourself:
1. Complete Checkpoint questions
2. Read and annotate 8.1.I.B and C about the Cold War.
3. Prepare at least TWO questions.
Objective:




Questions:
SWBAT analyze U.S. plans of containment and economic aid to foreign countries during the Cold War
What theories guided US foreign policy throughout the Cold War?

How and why did the U.S. intervene in the conflict between North and South Korea?
Day 3
Do Now:




Assign Yourself:
Do Now:
Time to Write
Assign Yourself:
Selma
Do Now:
Set up your paper with following categories:
Historical Context
Audience
Purpose
Point of View
Leave 4-6 lines for notes in each category.
Exit Ticket
1. According to President Obama, what makes the United States unique or exceptional? (1-2 sentences)

2. Do you agree or disagree with the former president? Why? (3-5 sentences)
What Else to Watch For...
-the concept of
American exceptionalism
-rhetorical strategies
Exam Day Part II
Do Now:
-Find a seat
-Make sure you have a pen with blue or black ink (borrow one if needed)
-Get ready to write
Grades:
-This benchmark exam score will go in the gradebook for Q4.
-Your planning for today's essay will go in the gradebook for Q3.
Assign Yourself:
Read Ch. 26 and Ch. 27 (make notes)

Complete Review Questions for Ch. 26 and Ch. 27 (p. 866 1-4, p. 900 1-5)

Complete topics in Period 8 Study Guide
1950s - Peace and Prosperity
Do Now:
Assign Yourself:
What caused prosperity in the 1950s?

How did prosperity in the 1950s affect society and culture?
1950s - Major Topics and Trends
Domestic Life
Baby Boom
Suburbs
Gender Roles
Economic Opportunity
GI Bill of Rights
Business
Conformity
Non-Conformity
Allen Ginsburg
Jack Kerouac
Beat Generation
-Rejected consumerism/materialism and strict societal expectations
-Origins of the counterculture movement of the 1960s
Read and annotate 8.3.I.A, B, C and 8.3.II.A
Prepare at least TWO questions.
Questions
Exit Ticket
1. Explain the causes of prosperity in the 1950s. (3-5 sentences)

2. Explain the effects of prosperity in the 1950s. (3-5 sentences)
Civil Rights - Origins
Do Now:




Assign Yourself:
1. Write assignments in your planner.
2. Clear your desk for the vocabulary quiz.
What were the origins of the civil rights movements of the 1950s-1970s?

How did the goals, strategies, and support of the movement for African American civil rights change over time?
Questions
Little Rock Central High School (1957)
Exit Ticket
1. How did the Brown v. Board of Education decision differ from earlier Supreme Court rulings?

2. How did people in many southern states respond to the Brown decision?

3. How did Eisenhower respond to the southern response to Brown?

Read the excerpt from Melba Pattillo Beals'
Warriors Don’t Cry
. Answer the following questions in the blank space on your literacy test.

1. Why did the teacher insist that the students leave
quickly and walk home in groups?
2. If you were Melba’s mother or father, what might you consider doing to protect your daughter? What might you do to fight discrimination to give her more opportunities in the future?
3. How did this ruling,
Brown v. Board of Education
, promote or hinder the American ideal of opportunity? Of rights?
Independent Reading/Response

1. Why did some African American leaders advocate the use the nonviolent resistance during the 1950s and 1960s?

2. Was nonviolent direct action effective? Defend your answer in 3-5 sentences.



Exit Ticket
Direct action occurs when a group takes an action which is intended to reveal an existing problem, highlight an alternative, or demonstrate a possible solution to a social issue

Nonviolent Resistance (Direct Action)
What was life like after WWII?

CORE (Congress on Racial Equality) organized protests of the government’s failure to enforce Supreme Court decisions outlawing segregation on public buses (1961)

Greensboro, NC 1960
Four college students sat at a whites-only lunch counter until they were arrested and dragged out

Nonviolence in Action:
Sit-ins, Freedom Rides

Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. helped to organize a boycott of the buses in Montgomery, Alabama.

Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus in 1955.

Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1956)
Do Now:





Assign Yourself:
1947-1963: Nonviolence in Action
Court Cases, CRA, VRA
Do Now:





Benchmarks Galore:
Who was responsible for the civil rights changes accomplished during the 1950s and 1960s? Activists? The Supreme Court? The president? Congress? Some other group? Defend your answer.
Catalyst today: DBQ

Catalyst Monday: Multiple Choice/Short Answer


Wednesday (all morning): STAAR (Multiple Choice)
Civil Rights Act (1964)



Voting Rights Act (1965)
Outlawed discrimination in employment, education, and public accommodations based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
Prohibited racial discrimination in voting laws; outlawed poll taxes, literacy tests, and other barriers to registering to vote or voting.
Supreme Court Cases to Know
Complete the graphic organizer using classroom resources.
Exit Ticket
1. Summarize the general trend of Supreme Court decisions regarding Civil Rights. (Did the Supreme Court do more or less to protect civil rights over time?)
Assign Yourself:
For Monday, read Chapter 28; make notes and complete the corresponding sections of the Period 8 Study Guide
JFK, Cuba, Vietnam
Do Now:




Assign Yourself:
1. What was the Cuban Missile Crisis? How did JFK try to solve this problem? Did he make the right choice? If yes, defend his decision. If not, explain what option would have been better and why. (5-8 sentences)

2. Why did the U.S. become involved in the war in Vietnam? Did JFK make the right choice in this case? Why or why not? (2-3 sentences)
Exit Ticket
Cuban Missile Crisis
1. Evaluate options
2. Choose one option
3. Prepare to defend your choice
Vietnam War
Domino Theory - an extension of containment policy which suggested that if one country in SE Asia became communist, others would inevitably follow
Questions
How and why did LBJ want to transform the U.S.?

How did U.S. involvement in Vietnam relate to domestic issues?

LBJ
A Vision for the Future...
"For a century we labored to settle and to subdue a continent. For half a century we called upon unbounded invention and untiring industry to create an order of plenty for all of our people.

The challenge of the next half century is whether we have the wisdom to use that wealth to enrich and elevate our national life, and to advance the quality of our American civilization."

-President Lyndon B. Johnson, 1964
Do Now:



Assign Yourself:
Vietnam War
What/who was responsible for increasing U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War? Defend your answer with evidence and explanation.
Writing
Reading Questions
1. What was the Tonkin Gulf Resolution?
2. How did it come to be?
3. Does the manner in which it came to be matter? Why?
1968
Do Now:



Assign Yourself:
Why is 1968 considered an important turning point in U.S. history?
Tet Offensive: Jan. 31, 1968
At half-past midnight on Wednesday morning the North Vietnamese launched the Tet offensive at Nha Trang. Nearly 70,000 North Vietnamese troops took part in this broad action, taking the battle from the jungles to the cities. The offensive lasted several weeks and is seen as a major turning point for the American attitude toward the war.
During police actions following the first day of the Tet offensive General Nguyen Ngoc Loan, a South Vietnamese security official was captured on film executing a Viet Cong prisoner by American photographer Eddie Adams. The Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph became yet another rallying point for anti-war protestors. Despite later claims that the prisoner had been accused of murdering a Saigon police officer and his family, the image seems to call into question everything claimed and assumed about the American allies, the South Vietnamese.
February 1, 1968
Feb. 27, 1968: Walter Cronkite Reports
Although it would not become public knowledge for more than a year, US ground troops from Charlie Company rampaged through the hamlet of My Lai killing more than 500 Vietnamese civilians from infants to the elderly. The massacre continued for three hours until three American pilots intervened, positioning their helicopter between the troops and the fleeing Vietnamese and eventually carrying a handful of wounded to safety.
Massacre at My Lai: May 16, 1968
MLK, Jr. Assassination: April 4, 1968
Martin Luther King Jr. spent the day at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis working and meeting with local leaders on plans for his Poor People's March on Washington to take place late in the month. At 6pm, as he greeted the car and friends in the courtyard, King was shot with one round from a 30.06 rifle. He was declared dead just an hour later at St. Joseph's hospital. After an international man-hunt James Earl Ray was arrested on June 27 in England, and convicted of the murder. Ray died in prison in 1998.
Robert Kennedy, hearing of the murder just before giving a speech in Indianapolis, IN, delivers a powerful extemporaneous eulogy in which he pleaded with the audience "to tame the savageness of man and make gentle the life of this world."
The King assassination sparked rioting in Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Detroit, Kansas City, Newark, Washington, D.C., and many other places. Across the country 46 deaths were blamed on the riots.
Columbia University Protest/Occupation: April 23, 1968
A rally and occupation of the Low administrative office building at Columbia University, planned to protest the university's participation in the Institute for Defense Analysis is scuttled by conservative students and university security officers. The demonstrators march to the site of a proposed new gymnasium at Morningside Heights to stage a protest in support of neighbors who use the site for recreation. The action eventually resulted in the occupation of five buildings - Hamilton, Low, Fairweather and Mathematics halls, and the Architecture building. It ended seven days later when police stormed the buildings and violently removed the students and their supporters at the Columbia administration's request.
In France, "Bloody Monday" marks one of the most violent days of the Parisian student revolt. Five thousand students marched through the Latin Quarter with support from the student union and the instructors' union. Reports of the ensuing riot conflict, either the police charged unprevoked, or demonstrators harassed them with thrown stones. The fighting was intense with rioters setting up barricades and the police attacking with gas grenades.
French Student Protests: May 6, 1968
June 4,5,6, 1968: Robert Kennedy Assassinated
On the night of the California Primary Robert Kennedy addressed a large crowd of supporters at the Ambassador Hotel in San Francisco. He won victories in California and South Dakota and was confident that his campaign would go on to unite the many factions stressing the country. As he left the stage, at 12:13AM on the morning of the 5th, Sirhan Sirhan, a 24 year old Jordanian living in Los Angeles, shot Kennedy. The motive for the shooting was apparently anger at several pro-Isreali speeches Kennedy had made during the campaign. The forty-two year old Kennedy died in the early morning of June 6th.
Prague Spring Continues: June 27, 1968
As the "Prague Spring" continued in Czechoslovakia Ludvik Vaculik released his manifesto "Two Thousand Words". This essay, criticizing Communist rule in Czechoslovakia and concluding with an overt threat to "foreign forces" trying to control the government of the country, was seen as a direct challenge to the Soviet Administration who extended ongoing military exercises in the country, and began planning for their invasion later in the summer.
The Soviet Union invaded Czechoslovakia with over 200,000 Warsaw Pact troops, putting an end to the "Prague Spring," and beginning a period of enforced and oppressive "normalization."
August 20, 1968: Soviet Crackdown in Prague
August 26-28: Democratic National Convention in Chicago
By most accounts, on Wednesday evening Chicago police take action against crowds of demonstrators without provocation. The police beat some marchers unconscious and sent at least 100 to emergency rooms while arresting 175.
Mayor Daley tried the next day to explain the police action at a press conference. He famously explained: "The policeman isn't there to create disorder, the policeman is there to preserve disorder."
October 2, 1968: Mexico City Student Protests
Police and military troops in Mexico City reacted violently to a student-led protest in Tlatelolco Square. Hundreds of the demonstrators were killed or injured.
The Summer Olympic Games opened in Mexico City. The games were boycotted by 32 African nations in protest of South Africa's participation. On the 18th, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, US athletes and medalists in the 200-meter dash further disrupted the games by performing the black power salute during the "Star-Spangled Banner" at their medal ceremony.
October 12-18, 1968: Olympic Protest
October 31, 1968: No more bombs?
President Johnson announces a total halt to US bombing in North Vietnam.
November 5, 1968: Election Day
The results of the popular vote are 31,770,000 for Nixon, 43.4 percent of the total; 31,270,000 or 42.7 percent for Humphrey; 9,906,000 or 13.5 percent for Wallace; and 0.4 percent for other candidates.

The electoral college votes were not so close: Nixon 301, Humphrey 191
Work
1. Why did some in the U.S. oppose the Vietnam War?

2. What methods did protestors use to oppose the war?

3. What impact, if any, did protests have on U.S. government leaders?
Exit Ticket
1. How did U.S. involvement in Vietnam relate to domestic issues?

2. Why is 1968 considered an important turning point in U.S. history?

Nixon
Do Now:



Assign Yourself:
Nixon and Vietnam
Exit Ticket
War Powers Act (1973)
Limited presidential power to send armed forces into combat without declaration of war
Carter/Middle East
Do Now:




Assign Yourself:
-Complete 10 review assignments by 4/30
-Tutoring today and Wednesday (work on thematic review, complete review work)
-Benchmarks 4/12 and 4/16
1. What was the purpose of the Camp David Accords?
2. What role did Carter play in the Camp David Accords?
3. What caused the Iran Hostage Crisis?
4. When and how did the Iran Hostage Crisis end?
Exit Ticket
Jimmy Carter (1977-1981)
Reagan
Do Now:




Assign Yourself:
Document Analysis
For your assigned document(s), be prepared to explain the following:
-Source information (who, what, when, why)
-Role of government
-Historical significance

How did President Reagan's administration reflect the basic ideas and principles of the neoconservative movement? What were some of the criticisms of the neoconservative view of governing?
SOURCE: Neoconservative editor, Irving Kristol in Reflections of a Neoconservative: Looking Back, Looking Ahead, 1983.

5. Neoconservatism is inclined to the belief that a predominantly market economy…is a necessary if not sufficient precondition for a liberal society….It also sees a market economy as favorable to economic growth.
6. Neoconservatives believe in the importance of economic growth, not out of any enthusiasm for the material goods of this world, but because they see economic growth as indispensable for social and political stability….
7. …The current version of liberalism, which prescribes massive government intervention in the market place but an absolute laissez-faire attitude toward manners and morals, strikes neoconservatives as representing a bizarre inversion of priorities.
8. Neoconservatives look upon family and religion as indispensable pillars of a decent society….
Exit Ticket
1. What was Reagan's approach to economics?
2. Explain at least TWO criticisms of Reagan’s presidency.
3. Explain the policy priorities of neoconservatives.
End of Cold War/Iraq
Do Now:



Assign Yourself:
The United States and Iraq
How and why has U.S. involvement in Iraq changed over time?
Exit Ticket
U.S. Role Post-Cold War
Do Now:



Assign Yourself:
Globalization
Do Now:



Assign Yourself:
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
-Signed in 1947 to reduce barriers to trade between countries

-Created the
World Trade Organization (WTO)
in 1995 to help enforce trade rules and settle disputes

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
-1992 agreement to reduce barriers to trade and investment among the U.S., Mexico, and Canada
Exit Ticket
Clinton
Exit Ticket
Do Now:


Assign Yourself:
1. What domestic issues affected Clinton's presidency?

2. Did Clinton successfully deal with the challenges of his presidency?
Questions
Make Connections
For each of the four items, explain one way that it is similar to or different from another event/era in U.S. history. (2-3 sentences each)
Example:
Ross Perot's run for president in 1992 is similar to Teddy Roosevelt's run in 1912 because both ran as third party candidates. Furthermore, both had significant impact on the issues discussed and received millions of votes.
G.W. Bush
Do Now:



Assign Yourself:
1. How did U.S. foreign policy change after the 9/11 attacks on the U.S.?

2. How did domestic policies change after 9/11?
Two Big Questions
Exit Ticket
How should a society (such as the United States) decide how to balance the need for security and the need for individual rights?
Obama
Do Now:



Assign Yourself:
What does equality mean in the context of American society? Do we have it? Explain your answer in 3-5 sentences.
The New York Times began its article on Obama’s victory in the 2008 election with the following statement: “Barack Hussein Obama was elected the 44th president of the United States on Tuesday, sweeping away the last racial barrier in American politics with ease as the country chose him as its first black chief executive.” Assess the validity of this claim. (4-6 sentences)
Assign Yourself:
-Sleep
-Come back ready to work on Monday - Bring your textbook and Strive for a 5 book
-Sign up to volunteer for graduation (May 27th)

Thematic Organization
-Pick a theme (not America in the World or Work, Exchange and Tech.)

-Compile an overview of U.S. history following this theme through all nine periods

-Prepare to present
Making Connections
For your assigned time period:

-prepare a summary of key points
-make connections to other reforms
You will have two minutes to present.
Pre-Civil War
Gilded Age/Progressive
New Deal
Great Society
Civil Rights
Making Connections
1. Pick a card
2. Form a group of THREE people, making some sort of connection between your topics
3. Be ready to explain your topics and the connection(s) between them.
Do Now:
Read timeline and write two questions.
Exit Ticket
1. Explain how the Truman Doctrine is related to Woodrow Wilson's ideal of self-determination from World War I.

2. Explain TWO reasons the United States implemented the Marshall Plan (include one based on national self-interest and one based on humanitarianism).

3. Explain the meaning of containment in the context of the Cold War.
Document Analysis
-Ch. 25 vocabulary quiz Thursday
-Unit 7 Exam corrections due Thursday
-Tutoring today (help with corrections)
-Tutoring Wednesday (Political Review)

-Ch. 25 vocab quiz Thursday
-Unit 7 Exam corrections due Thursday
-Tutoring Wednesday (Politics review)
-Korea divided
-Elections?
-Partial elections (1948)
-Invasion (1950)
-UN support for S. Korea

In Korea the Government forces, which were armed to prevent border raids and to preserve internal security, were attacked by invading forces from North Korea. The Security Council of the United Nations called upon the invading troops to cease hostilities and to withdraw to the Thirty-eighth Parallel. This they have not done, but on the contrary have pressed the attack.


In these circumstances I have ordered United States air and sea forces to give the Korean Government troops cover and support.
The attack upon Korea makes it plain beyond all doubt that communism has passed beyond the use of subversion to conquer independent nations and will now use armed invasion and war. It has defied the orders of the Security Council of the United Nations issued to preserve international peace and security.
President Truman's statement on Korea, June 2, 1950
Never-ending War
-Armistice signed in July 1953, but no permanent peace treaty

-North and South Korea remain divided at the 38th parallel

-Costs to U.S.: 54,000 dead, $67 billion
1. Explain how U.S. involvement in the Korean War is an example of containment policy. (2-3 sentences)

2. Explain TWO examples of actions or incidents that escalated tension during the Cold War. (2-3 sentences)
Please write your answer at the bottom of the front page of the packet:
1. When and what was the Red Scare? Why did it happen? (2-3 sentences)
Were the Red Scares a legitimate threat against the U.S. government by foreign radicals or an unconstitutional invasion of the government into the lives of citizens?
1. What is Senator Joseph McCarthy’s historical significance? (1-2 sentences)

2. How did HUAC attempt to address the threat of communism in the United States? Was this approach successful? (2-3 sentences)
Exit Ticket
-Complete 10 review assigments by April 30th
-Make good choices
Executive Order 9981
In 1948, President Truman ordered the desegregation of the U.S. armed forces (army, navy, air force, marines, coast guard)
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
-Supreme Court decision declared segregation in schools "inherently unequal"

-Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson standard of "separate but equal"
-Complete 10 Review Assignments by 4/30
-Q3 ends Friday; make sure your grade is on track
1. How did the goals, strategies, and support of the movement for African American civil rights change over time?

2. How effective was nonviolent direct action during the 1950s and 1960s? Defend your answer.
DBQ Rubric
-Thesis
-Support for thesis
-Uses SIX documents
-Explains historical context, audience, purpose, or POV for FOUR documents
-Contextualization
-Outside Evidence
-Synthesis
-10 review assignments by 4/30
-1971 Pharr Riots extra credit opportunity
-Q3 grades due Friday
Alliance for Progress (1961)
provided more than $20 billion in aid from the US and international and private sources in exchange for Latin American commitment to democracy, economic reforms, and education and standard-of-living improvements
-an invasion planned by the United States Central Intelligence Agency and approved by the Kennedy administration
-US-backed Cuban anti-Castro forces landed at the Bay of Pigs but were overcome by Castro’s troops
-more than 1,100 men were captured in an embarrassing defeat; prisoners were eventually ransomed back to the US in exchange for food and medicine
Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961)
Do Now:
Should photos or video from war zones be published in media (print, TV, or digital)? Why or why not? (3-4 sentences)
1964: Tonkin Gulf Resolution – Congress authorized LBJ to use military force in Vietnam

1965: Operation Rolling Thunder – U.S. bombs N. Vietnam and neighboring countries (a lot)

U.S. troops go to S. Vietnam on “search and destroy” missions

Escalation - increases in the number of U.S. troops sent to Vietnam
LBJ and Vietnam
1. What was the Tonkin Gulf Resolution? Why was it significant? (2-3 sentences)

2. What does escalation mean in the context of the Vietnam War? Did LBJ make the right choice in this case? Why or why not? (3-4 sentences)
Exit Ticket
-Complete 10 review assignments by 4/30
-Make good choices

The world has changed dramatically in the last 26 years. The end of the Cold War, the growth of globalization, the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and a wave of democratic protests in the Arab world have each sparked far-reaching debate about our ever-changing world.

Today, you will read selections from articles and books that reflect this discussion. The seven
selections present a range of opinions about important international issues.
2. According to the author, what are the most important issues of the twenty-first century?

3. According to the author, why are these issues important to the United States? (For example, is the United States contributing to a global problem? Is the United States threatened? Does the United States have the ability to help solve a problem?) *What values inform or shape these author's arguments?

4. What do you think is important? What do you think will be important in the future? Why?
Questions
Exit Ticket
1. What are the top TWO issues the United States should focus on in world affairs in the next 10 years? Defend your answer in 6-8 sentences.
1. What domestic issues affected Clinton's presidency? In what ways? (2-4 sentences)

2. Did Clinton successfully deal with the challenges of his presidency? Defend your answer in 3-4 sentences.
September 11, 2001
American poet Walt Whitman argued, “The greatest country, the richest country, is not that which has the most capitalists, monopolists, immense grabbings, vast fortunes, with its sad, sad soil of extreme, degrading, damning poverty, but the land in which there are the most homesteads, freeholds — where wealth does not show such contrasts high and low, where all men have enough — a modest living— and no man is made possessor beyond the sane and beautiful necessities.”

Does Whitman's claim match the trajectory of U.S. history? Why or why not?


U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis said, “We can either have democracy in this country or we can have great wealth concentrated in the hands of a few, but we can’t have both.”

Support, modify, or refute this argument.



-Ch. 25 - 31 notes due Friday
-Unit 8 and 9 Exam Friday
"One of the reasons inequality gets so deep in this country is that everyone wants to be rich. That's the American ideal. Poor people don't like talking about poverty because even though they might live in the projects surrounded by other poor people and have, like, ten dollars in the bank, they don't like to think of themselves as poor."

-Jay-Z, 2010

“Your child’s future was the first to go with budget cuts. If you think that hurts, then wait, here comes the uppercut. The school was garbage in the first place that’s on the up and up.”

-Lupe Fiasco, 2011
"We owe it to the past, present & future to come together and move this country in the right direction."

-Nas (aka Nasir bin Olu Dara Jones), 2015
Do Now:




Assign Yourself:
1. Place backpacks and electronic devices at the front of the room. (Be sure to keep a pencil or pen.)
2. Wait patiently for your assigned seat.
-Tutoring today at 4:15
-Review starts Monday. Things you should do to be prepared include:
-For Monday, study your notes about the founding of the United States (Dec. of Ind., Rev. War, Constitution, and Bill of Rights)
-Bring notes and questions to class
-Make good choices
Choose a period in U.S. history. Analyze the causes and effects of the major developments of that period.

Suggestions: WWII, Great Depression, 1920s, WWI, Progressive Era, Gilded Age, Civil War/Reconstruction, American Revolution
TELPAS
1. Add the items below to your planner.
2. Put away everything except for a pen.
-APUSH benchmark 3/7 (next Tuesday)
-STAAR benchmark 3/30
-Thematic Review 3/10 (finish at least half by end of spring break)
-Quarter 3 ends 3/24 (all grades due)
Focus on thesis, evidence, and explanation.
Analyze the causes of the Cold War.
Read and annotate 8.1.I.A.
Prepare at least TWO questions.
See Spring Break Homework handout
1. Which amendment to the constitution granted black people the right to vote in the United States?
(1 sentence)

2. Could black people actually vote after this amendment was passed? Why or why not? (2-3 sentences)
-Ch. 25 vocabulary quiz tomorrow
-Unit 7 Exam corrections due tomorrow
-Politics Review in tutoring today
-10 review assignments due April 30th
-10 review assignments due 4/30
-Q3 ends Friday
-Extra credit article/response (1971 Pharr Riots)
In what ways and to what extent were the New Frontier and Great Society programs of the 1960s extensions of the New Deal programs of the 1930s?
JFK's New Frontier
-Volunteerism ("Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.")

-NASA


-Wish List: civil rights, environmental protection, more money for social security, raising the minimum wage
Do Now:





Assign Yourself:
1. What groups of people in the United States today are discriminated against? Why?
2. What, if anything, should be done to address the discrimination identified in question 1?
-Ch. 28 reading notes by Monday
-Q3 ends Friday
Exit Ticket
1. Explain ONE way in which a civil rights movement was similar to the nonviolent movement for African American civil rights during the early 1960s.
2. Explain ONE way in which a civil rights movement was different from the nonviolent movement for African American civil rights during the early 1960s.
-Read p. 684-686
Proclamation: To the Great White Father and All His People
(1970)

-Answer questions 1-2 on p. 686

-Read p. 686-690
I Am Joaquin
(1967)

-Answer questions 1-2 on p. 690 (You don't need to answer the comparative questions.)
Camp David Accords
Iran Hostage Crisis
1979 Gas Lines
After the Cold War, what role should the U.S. play in the world? Consider political, economic, social, and military factors.
What is Friedman's argument?

What evidence does he use to support his argument?
-STAAR benchmark Friday (bring a book); APUSH benchmark Monday
-Complete 10 review assignments by 4/30
-Work on thematic review outline; bring thematic review outline and all key concept outlines to starting Thursday
-Tutoring today and Wednesday
-Civil War (1861-1865)
-Gilded Age (1865-1898)
-Spanish-American War (1898)
-Progressive Era (1890s-1920s)
-World War I (1914-1918)
-Roaring Twenties (1920s)
-Great Depression (1929-1939)
-World War II (1939-1945)
-Cold War (1945-1991)
Make Connections
Explain one way that the U.S. response to 9/11 is similar to or different from another event/era in U.S. history.
Work
1. Complete checkpoint questions and get them checked by Mr. Kipp.

2. Analyze documents and write 3-5 sentences on each page to answer as many of the questions as possible.
-Read and annotate 8.2.I.A
-Prepare at least TWO questions
1. Read and annotate 8.2.I.B and C
2. Prepare questions
Analyze the goals, strategies, and support of the movement for African American civil rights in the 1960s.
-Read and annotate 8.2.II.C
-Prepare questions
Do Now:





Assign Yourself:
-Q3 ends Friday
-10 review assignments due 4/30
-1971 Pharr Riots extra credit opportunity
How did civil rights movements change and continue during the 1960s and 1970s?
Who: (individuals or groups that led this portion of the civil rights movement)

What: (What did they want? What did they do to get it?)

Why: (Why did these individuals or groups want these things? Why did they use these strategies to get what they wanted?)
How did civil rights movements change and continue during the 1960s and 1970s?
Thesis

Claims

Evidence
1. Explain why Black Power movements developed in the 1960s.

2. What issues did women in the 1960s and 1970s fight to address? Why?
Check 8.2.II.A and B for additional information.
In the top right corner of the first page of your packet, write the names of FIVE people you associate with the civil rights movements of the 1940s-1970s. Be prepared to explain your answers.
-Read and annotate 8.1.I.D and E
-Prepare questions
-Complete 10 review assignments by 4/30
-Two benchmarks in April (STAAR and AP); review, study, and come to tutoring

Read and annotate 8.1.II.B
Prepare questions
Do Now:




Assign Yourself:
-Complete 10 review assignments by 4/30
-Get out your Period 8 Key Concept Outline
Short Answer Question
1. Preview prompt (parts A, B, C)
2. Read/analyze excerpt
3. Brainstorm evidence
4. Write
-Read and annotate 8.2.III.C, E, F
-Prepare questions
Analyze the international and domestic challenges the United States faced between 1968 and 1974, and evaluate how President Richard Nixon's administration responded to them.
-Read and annotate 8.1.II.D
-Prepare questions
Support, modify, or refute the following claim: Jimmy Carter sought to make the government competent and compassionate, but he failed to achieve these objectives.
-Complete 10 review assignments by 4/30
-Review and study for upcoming benchmark exams
-Read and annotate 9.1.I.A and B
-Prepare questions
Prompt
Use evidence from documents to support your answers.
1. How and why did the U.S. win the Cold War? Use specific evidence to support your answer. (3-5 sentences)
1. Explain TWO continuities in U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War.

2. Explain TWO changes in U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War.
Writing Practice
Answers must include:
-Answer the prompt
-Provide specific evidence (from docs or outside)
-Explain HOW or WHY the evidence cited supports your answer
-Read and annotate 9.3.I.A and B
-Prepare questions
-Create a poster; earn $50 for 11th grade
-Complete 10 review assignments by 4/30
-Review, study, and prepare for benchmarks
-Tutoring today (work on thematic review, complete review assignments)
Early 20th century example:
U.S. foreign policy changed drastically after the first World War from a position of leadership and intervention to a position of isolation. Leadership and intervention were clear in the role Woodrow Wilson played in negotiating the Treaty of Versailles, especially in his Fourteen Points which called for the creation of the League of Nations (Doc. 2). Senator Henry Cabot Lodge was one of the leaders of the return to isolationism when he opposed the League of Nations on the grounds that it could draw the U.S. into foreign wars (Doc. 4). Ultimately, the U.S. did not join this international organization and instead maintained its ability to act independently of other countries.
-Read and annotate 9.3.I.C
-Prepare questions
-Complete 10 review assignments by 4/30
-Mock exams 4/13 (STAAR) and 4/16 (AP); review, study, and ask questions to get ready
-Tutoring today
Now what?
-Read and annotate 9.2.II.D
-Prepare questions
1. Is the USA PATRIOT Act a necessary tool for protecting the national security of the United States, or should it be repealed because it infringes on individual liberties? Defend your answer in 4-6 sentences.

2. Compare the Patriot Act to another period in U.S. history. In what ways is it similar and in what ways is it different? (3-4 sentences)
-Read and annotate 9.3.II.B
-Prepare questions
-Complete 10 review assignments by 4/30
-Thematic review/Key concept outlines
-Review, study, and prepare for benchmark exams
-Bring a book to read after Friday's exam
Using evidence from all three documents, answer the following question:

Are free trade agreements (like NAFTA) good or bad for the United States and the world? Defend your answer in 6-8 sentences.
-Complete 10 review assignments by 4/30
-Thematic review/Key concept outlines
-Review, study, and prepare for benchmark exams - tutoring today
-Bring a book to read after Friday's exam
-Read and annotate 9.2.I.A-D
-Prepare questions
1975 digital camera
1979 250 MB hard drive
1984 smart watch
1973 internet
Choices/APGOPO
Do Now:
-Return textbook (and other borrowed items)
-Take your ACT books home
-Take care of your grades
-Make good choices
Exit Ticket
1. Why was it so difficult to fight for civil rights in Mississippi? Use evidence and explanation to support your answer. (5-8 sentences)
Freedom Now: The Civil Rights Movement in Mississippi
Lynching
Ida B. Wells
1862-1931
Newspaper reporter, editor, and co-owner
Plessy v Ferguson (1896)
Supreme Court decision held that the "separate but equal" provision of private services mandated by state government is constitutional under the Equal Protection Clause
Equal Protection Clause:
Part of the Fourteenth Amendment emphasizing that the laws must provide equivalent protection to all people; allows for legal protections against discrimination
Questions:





Work:
1. Why do people decide they are willing to die for a cause?

2. How did federalism affect the movement?
1. Complete "The Movement in Mississippi" chart.
2. Finish any remaining questions on study guide.
3. Be prepared to discuss.
Voices from SNCC
Use the documents to complete the analysis questions.

Be prepared to share your analysis with the class.
1. What kind of information did the stories contain?

2. What themes were present in the stories?

3. What did you learn about civil rights movements from these stories?

4. How did the experiences of these activists shape their point of view?

5. Why do people decide they are willing to die for a cause?
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP)
-Created in 1964 by black and white Mississippians
-Challenged the Mississippi Democratic Party, which only allowed whites (even though black people made up 40% of Mississippi's population)
-Sent delegation to the 1964 Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City
For each bold question, write a 3-4 sentence answer that summarizes the section in your own words.
Read and Summarize
Exit Ticket
1. What made Hamer's speech so influential? (3-4 sentences)
Democratic Party's Proposed Compromise:
1. Two MFDP representatives given non-voting seats at the convention
2. Remaining MFDP delegates "welcomed as honored guests of the convention"
3. Members of the all-white Mississippi Democratic Party seated as official delegation; required to pledge support to party and Johnson
4. Democratic Party promise to eliminate racial discrimination in all state delegations by 1968
Four Perspectives
Complete the first three columns of the graphic organizer for all four groups.
-What is this group's opinion of the compromise?
-What is the long-term goal of this group?
-How does this group hope to achieve its goal?
The Final Column
1. Pick one perspective.
2. Fill in the last column for the other three perspectives. (What would this group think of your chosen group's perspective?)

Exit Ticket
1. Which group(s) had the most to gain at the Democratic National Convention in 1964? Why? (2-3 sentences)

2. Which group(s) had the most to lose at the Democratic National Convention in 1964? Why? (2-3 sentences)

3. Is compromise always a good thing? Are there issues that should NOT be compromised on? Why? (3-5 sentences)
Course Evaluation
-Please provide honest feedback so Mr. Kipp can become a better teacher.
-These evaluations can be anonymous and will remain sealed until after the school year is over, so nothing you write will affect your grade.
Epilogue - What happened next?
Please use the text to answer the questions on the Advanced Study Guide--Epilogue.
Think: Do you agree or disagree with the following claim? Why?



Be prepared to share your answer and explanation.
Assign Yourself:
Violence is an acceptable way to get what you want.
1. Analyze evidence from civil rights movements.

2. Take a position for or against the claim:



3. Brainstorm other evidence and arguments (beyond the civil rights movements of the 1950s-1970s)
Violence is an acceptable way to get what you want.
14th Amendment
14th Amendment Booklet
1/4 sheet each
-Text and significance of clauses (3)
-Timeline events (23)
-5 Ws (who, what, when, where, why)
-Relevance to 14th Amendment or to specific clause
-Impact/effect for people in the U.S.
-Conclusion (significance of 14th Am.)
Arguably, Section 1 of the 14th Amendment has had more impact on law in the United States in the 20th and 21st centuries than any other provision of the United States Constitution. Many
constitutional scholars refer to the 14th Amendment as the Great Amendment.


There are several reasons for that:
 We cannot have a conversation about the rights guaranteed in the Bill of Rights in 21st century, or really since 1865, without referencing the 14th Amendment.
 Without the 14th Amendment, the Bill of Rights has very little impact in our lives.
 Every time the Supreme Court of the United States is considering the constitutionality of a state law, the 14th Amendment is implicated.
 The Civil Rights Movement did not happen without the 14th Amendment.
 The protection of everyone’s constitutional rights hinge on the language of the 14th Amendment
The Great Amendment
Full transcript