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Mobile Learning

Mobile Learning Perception and Interest among Higher Education Distance Learners in Asia- AACE conference
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Arafeh Karimi

on 25 May 2010

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Transcript of Mobile Learning

Double click anywhere & add an idea Arafeh Karimi Mobile Learning Perception and Interest among Higher Education Distance Learners in Asia Aim:
investigate the higher education
distance learners’ conceptualization
and the level of interest towards
having the opportunity to learn while
mobile Mobile learning = Next substantial innovation in higher education (Alexander, 2004; Wagner, 2005) whenever the ubiquitousness of connectivity and spontaneous trust on the mobile technology is accomplished, it will drive higher education users to demand mobile learning opportunities in live
classes, blended courses and distance education !! 1.Gain an understanding of your audience Kukulska-Hulme (2005) It is vital to obtain data on the learners' use of technologies that would enable a mobile platform. (Jones et al.,2007)
Understanding user preferences is an area of research that is essential in the field of mobile learning!
Kukulska- Hulme (2005a) Analysis of user learning needs in distance learning programs is required.
(Freeman & Thomas, 2005) Need Analysis of Distance Learners' preferences in Mobile Learning is vital!!!! Questions:
b) What is the level of higher education students’ access and use of technologies typically employed in mobile learning?

c) What is the higher education students’ participation frequency in electronic learning activities? a) What level of interest is there among higher education students with distance learning mode of the study for the opportunity to learn while mobile? M-Learning Concept! Winters (2007): mobile learning has not yet been adequately defined!!
it means all things to all people :-o Traxler (2007) : there is no concrete definition of M-learning due to the nature of mobile learning which is personal, contextual and situated Technology focused definitions,... Kim, Mims, and Holmes (2006), Riva and Villani (2005), Aderinoye, Ojokheta, and Olojede (2007) cell phones, web-enabled cell phones, PDAs, wirelessly network-connected PDAs, wirelessly network-connected laptop computers, and wirelessly network-connected tablet personal computers,MP3 players or iPODs, handheld gaming devices, Bluetooth-enabled devices, wireless access points, digital cameras, USB drivers, and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags.
Alexander (2004), Corbeil and Valdes-Corbeil (2007) Definitions based on mobile activities learners can or do accomplish,..., (Balasundaram & Ramadoss, 2007; Clarke & Flaherty, 2002) Mobile learning is whatever and occurs wherever the learner wants it to be in the context of what is being learned (Traxler, 2007).
Clark and Flaherty (2002): the most significant aspect of the definition of mobile learning refers to the learner’s capability to foster understanding and build knowledge through communication and collaborative activities equipped by wireless technology. Mobile Learning in the Context of Electronic Learning and Distance Education,..., Ally (2004) and Keegan (2002) M-learning is the delivery of electronic learning materials to mobile devices (Ally, 2004)
Traxler (2007) : distance learning will form a significant component of m-learning deinition, because of its existing status within the development communities. Our definition: Mobile learning is learning supported by wireless access to information resources such as those available on the Internet and wireless communication with learning collaborators that can take place in a location that is most conducive to achieving learning outcomes.
Mobile Learning Studies in Asian Distance Learning Higher Education Asian developed countries i.e. Japan, 100% own mobile phones, argued: student learn more when they received their study materials through mobile devices and perceive it as an effective learning method (Thornton & Houser, 2005). Collaborative learning with mobility may be considered as powerful learning tools (Nakahara, Hisamatsu, Yaegashi, & Yamauchi, 2005). Mobile learning systems’ effects on facilitating learning interactivity in blended higher education classrooms (Shen, Wang, & Pan, 2008). Newly transitioned economies countries-Mongolia, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam- where concept of distance learning is still a new phenomenon, are addressing infrastructure/access, software ,instructional design, content, assessment strategies and policy issues (Malik, Belawati, & Baggaley, 2005)
Further analysis on using mobile and portable devices in distance learning setting
Addressing and analyzing aspects that could make mobile learning viable and sustainable. Asia e University interact with 31 Asia Corporation Dialogue (ACD) member developing countries which tries to ensure education is expandable and easy accessible to the people of Asia According to the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission’s (MCMC):
there has been an increase in the usage of Malaysian mobile technologies, especially, hand phones.
Using mobile phone application in academic library services (Karim, Darus, & Hussin, 2006)
Design the interface of a mobile learning PDA for classroom (Aburas & Khalifa, 2007)
Applying mobile learning in wireless classroom using notebooks and PDA’s (Singh & Bakar, 2007),
Utilizing mobile technology to enhance classroom instructional process. M-Learning in Malaysia Investigation of what does mobile learning mean from the learner viewpoint can facilitate academic institutions mobile learning strategies in Asia.
All students enrolled for the January 2010 semester in AeU Kuala Lumpur center. 204 student Voluntary participation, Convenience sampling
n=112 Methodology Instrument: Mobile Learning Attitude and Interest survey (Croop, 2008) 3I- Understanding of general definition of mobile learning, reliability 3 Likert-type scale- Present participant’s level of interest and their attitude towards application of mobile learning Me, Colleague, Compulsary! Category: Study mode, Gender, Generation Access and frequency of use Web Enabled Text messaging participate in electronic learning activities Discussion boards, email, chats, online group or individual class projects Results Mobile learning is the use of portable devices like wireless laptops, cell phones, and PDAs (Personal Digital Assistant) to facilitate the teaching and learning process in physical spaces that accommodate the convenience or demands of the learner and/or allows learning to take place at a location conducive to fulfilling learning objectives. Mobile learning is sometimes referred to as m-learning. 1. Using a laptop computer that is connected wirelessly to the Internet while outside of class in the process of completing a research paper assignment
2. Using a Web-enabled cell phone to read postings by other students and to post your own contribution to a discussion board that is a required activity of a class you are taking
3. Using a PDA to record observations in the field for research, internship, or clinical experiences. Gimmie some example man! like what? Discussion 90.2 % wireless laptop 83% Web enabled cell phone 81.3 % Capturing field work with a PDA MayB a broad definition of mobile learning is not completely understood by participants. 66% got it right,mmm, not bad;) Using a wireless laptop is more a mobile learning activity than a cell phone, what .. ...
Check out Prensky (2005), Traxler (2007), Corbeil & Valdes-Corbeil (2007) Do some qualitative analysis 4 Goodness sake I am interested in THE OPTION of carrying out some of my class learning activities through mobile learning using a laptop with a wireless network connection, cell phone, or PDA 84.8% ALL students should be given THE OPTION to carry out,... 86.6% ALL students should be REQUIRED to carry out ,... 13.4% Disagree 22.3% Neutral 64.3% Agree Students hold a very high regard for the well-being of their peers 55% respond rate and 47.5% of all students at the Kuala Lumpur center of Asia e University R interested!! Considering,.... 98.2% access to text messaging capable cell phone
Those who could text message did so quite often.
85.45% interested in having the option of Mobile Learning for themselves
86.36% of them were interested in having this option for other studen
70.5 % access to a Web-capable mobile device & use it quite often So U can start implementing it ;) e-learning? mostly less than 5 hrs/week Final Thoughts Mobile learning is whatever the learner wants it to be and occurs whenever it is best conducted in the context of learning goals
Traxler (2007) There may be few conflict between students’ actual electronic learning activities and what they reported; LMS and portal self-selected sampling Limited period Go Asian! Intraction& Interactivity Teacher input Triangular! Infrastructure is almost there, now what's the plan? Defined Learning activities Thank You 8-) arafeh.karimi@aeu.edu.my
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