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Social Learning Theory of Aggression - GCSE Psychology
Transcript of Social Learning Theory of Aggression - GCSE Psychology
Images from Shutterstock.com Bandura et al (1963) Aim: To find out if 3 - 6 year old children would imitate the aggressive behaviour they see role models performing towards an inflatable 'bobo' doll.
Method: Researchers divided 96 children into four groups, three of which were shown someone throwing, kicking and punching 'bobo' doll. Their own behaviour was then observed.
Results: The children who had witnessed the aggressive behaviour showed more aggressive behaviour than the children who had seen none.
Conclusion: Children will copy how they see others behave. Social Learning Theory Aggression Social learning theory suggests that aggressive behaviour, like all other types of behaviour is caused by people seeing how other people behave, and copying it. As people encounter new situations, they look to other people for guidance as to how they should act. For children, there are lots of new situations, so they are more likely than adults to copy what they see.
Social learning theory stresses the importance of vicarious learning. We can learn new ways to behave just by watching what other people are doing. This is most clearly demonstrated by young children who swear. They are most likely to swear because they have seen people who have done so, otherwise they would not be likely to do so.
It has been found that children are most likely to imitate role models if they are: Similar, attractive, powerful or caring. The most important element to this is if they see a role model being reinforced for doing something; for example, if the child sees their role model being reinforced for aggression, they are likely to expect reinforcement for aggressive behaviour, so will show aggressive behaviour. Different Causes