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Transcript of fgf
Korean Language Korean Writing System Numbers and Counting Approximately 78 million people speak Korean worldwide. In traditional society, Korean women often place themselves in a position of powerlessness, and this in turn is observed in their everyday speech patterns. Some examples of this can be seen in: 1. A woman’s use of softer tone in order to minimize conflict or aggression; 3. The presence of gender differences in titles and occupational terms (for example, a sajang is a company president and ysajang is a female company president.); 4. and females sometimes using more tag questions and rising tones in statements, much like the way that young children talk. Standard Language 1. Seoul STANDARD LANGUAGE WHERE USED Seoul ; very similar to Incheon and most of Gyeonggi 2. Munhwao Northern standard. Based on Seoul dialect. REGIONAL DIALECTS WHERE USED 3. Hamgyŏong (Northeastern) Rasn, most of Hamgyng region, northeast P'yngan, Ryanggang (North Korea), Jilin (China) 4. P'yngan(northwestern) P'yngan region, P'yngyang, Chagang, Hwanghae, northern North Hamgyng (North Korea),Liaoning (China) 5.Central Seoul, Incheon, Gyeonggi, Daejeon, Chungcheong (South Korea), Yeongseo (Gangwon-do (South Korea)/Kangwn (North Korea) west of the Taebaek Mountains) 6.Yeongdong (East coast) Yeongdong region (Gangwon-do (South Korea)/Kangwn (North Korea) east of the Taebaek Mountains) 7. Gyeongsang(Southeastern) Busan, Daegu, Ulsan, Gyeongsang region (S. Korea) 8. Jeolla (Southwestern) Gwangju, Jeolla region (South Korea) 9. Jeju Jeju Island/Province (South Korea) In South Korea, Standard Korean is defined by the National Institute of the Korean Language as "the modern speech of Seoul widely used by the well-cultivated". In practice, it tends not to include features that are found exclusively in Seoul. Munhwa dialect is the standard language of North Korea. It is not based on P'yng'an dialect, but on the official language of Seoul. Though they have diverged to some extent, the two standards are still broadly intelligible. The Korean alphabet (called "Hangul" in Korean) was developed by a team of scholars under King Se-jong in 1443 of the Joseon Dynasty and is the most recently invented and most scientifically designed alphabet in the world. HANGUL Korean Alphabet King Sejong -creator of Hangeul -considered to be one of the greatest rulers in the history of Korea In 1446, the first Korean alphabet was proclaimed under the original name Hunmin chong-um, which literally meant "the correct sounds for the instruction of the people." During his reign, King Sejong always deplored the fact that the common people, ignorant of the complicated Chinese characters that were being used by the educated, were not able to read and write. Out of sympathy for their difficulties, he immediately searched for solutions. Thus, the HANGUL (Hunmin chong-um) was born. Heaven, Ground, Man Principle The End Thank You! :) The official language of South Korea and North Korea. It is also one of the two official languages of the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in China. KOREAN FAST FACTS KOREA Country Name: Republic of Korea
Capital City: Seoul
National Flag: National Flower: Currency: Won (1.00 KRW = 0.04 PHP)
Population: 48.87 million (S. Korea, 2010)
Religion: 3 Dominant Religions KOREA: Buddhism (43.0%)
Protestants (34.5%) Korean Language UPPER CLASS MEN: Speak with long sentences, use "plain" speech with virtually every group, vowels tend to be longer than other groups, smile a lot but laugh very little when they talk, few "hesitation" words, constant interruptions, constant refutation of what the other person says (using ), very little body language, higher voice pitch than other groups. Finally, there are some differences in the way men and women formulate their sentences: WOMEN: Tend to be more careful when they use "polite speech" with men, tend to use longer sentences, to color their speech with more "hesitation" words when asking for a favor.
Tend to speak with more intonations and their voice tends to be more nasal, tend to formulate questions rather than make assertions, use body language a lot when they talk. MARRIED WOMEN: Sentences tend to be shorter, careful with polite speech when speaking to men, use very few "hesitation" words, tend to refute what younger people will tell them (often use the phrase " " after younger people make a statement), tend not to look at men when they talk to them, little body language.
MEN: Less careful with polite speech when talking to women, very careful with polite speech when talking to superiors, use few "hesitation" words, make more assertions and ask fewer questions, very short sentences.
Body language--make little use of hands or body when talking, though they do tend to touch their hair a lot. They tend to giggle while they speak when speaking to hierarchical superiors or women. Because of its simplicity and the rather small number of letters, Hangul is very easy to learn even by children and foreigners. Throughout history, Hangul has been at the root of the Korean culture, helping to preserve its national identity and independence. Illiteracy is now virtually nonexistent in Korea. Koreans use 2 different sets of cardinal numbers, depending on the situation- Korean numbers and Chinese numbers. Korean forms for the number of items (1-99) and age
Chinese forms for dates, money, addresses, phone numbers, and numbers above 100. Days & Months Koreans commemorate the creation of Hangul each year on OCTOBER 9. GREETINGS Phrases use the informal level of politeness except those denoted with (F). Prepared by:
Kareal Fay Abanto
Hazel Abergos 10 Fun Facts
about Korea 1. Fruit is a luxury item
2. Koreans eat SPAM like it’s going out of style.
3. Koreans LOVE (sweet potato) and sweet potato-flavoured things.
4. Tipping is not required in Korea.
5. Stores, shops and services are open considerably later than in North America.
6. Drinking in Public is one-hundred percent legal.
7. Public Transit is clean, fast and extremely affordable.
8. Most homes in Korea are equipped with heated floors.
9. The number “4 is extremely unlucky.
10. Avoid using red ink. 4