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Resistance, Insurgency and Revolution

Group 4: Luke Elkes, Rodrigo de Souza, Linnea Dietrichson, Nermin Elagouz, Clara Dybbroe Viltoft
by

Clara Dybbroe Viltoft

on 1 November 2014

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Transcript of Resistance, Insurgency and Revolution

Resistance, Insurgency and Revolution
1.4 Malcolm X (1992)
1940-1959:
Fulgencio Batista regime
American profit on Cuban businesses

1953:
26th of July Movement

1956:
Waging a guerrilla war

1958:
All movements unite

1959:
End of revolution




1.3 Che Part One (2008)
1.2 The Battle of Algiers (1966)
Mohandas K. Gandhi eller Mahatma Gandhi (October 2nd 1869 – January 30th 1948)

1893-1914:
South Africa (Equal rights to the Indians)
1919:
disobedience campaign / boycott of British Empire
1930:
400km march against British-imposed salt tax (Dandi Salt March)
1947:
Indian Independence + Gandhi against separation of India/Pakistian
1948:
Gandhi shot by fanatic Hindu
(against unity with Muslims)

1.1 Gandhi (1982)
2.1 Orientalism/ Edward Said
2.2 Triangle of Violence /Johan Galtung
2.3 Violence and legitimacy of power
2.3 Violent resistance and liberation
3. Conclusion: Different views of revolution
Cultural
(justifies violence)
Direct
(visible - cause / effect)
Structural
(everyday violence)
Gandhi
= Indian/British
Malcom X
= Black/White
Che Part One
= Not Apparent -
Battle of Algiers
= Arab/French
ID/SA (Poverty)
Burn ID
Muslim Ghetto
Malcolm (Little) X

- May 19th, 1925 - February, 21st, 1965

Young years and his confusions

The 'X'

From Christian to Muslim

1964 -
Nation of Islam (NOI)

1964 -
The ballot or the bullet - "Who taught you not to love yourself?"

Afro-american
Algerian War - Algerian nationals X French Government (1954-1962)

1830-1962:
Mediterranean Algeria occupied by France.

1954-1957:
Algerian War of Independence


Guerrilla Insurgency -
NLF

(National Liberation Front)
X
Counter Insurgency -
French Paratroopers


- Hannah Arendt - Tyrannous organization has no real power.

- Battle of Algiers: NLF used violence. Eventually organization was destroyed.
2 years later they gain independence peacefully.

- Gandhi: Peaceful protest in South Africa over inequality. Portrayed positively in media. Achieved his goal.

- Peaceful resistance often means a more successful revolution.
Peasants / Land Owners
Trial
State Violence / Leg.
Arms
Resistance viewed in different perspectives

Revolution - violent and non-violent
- process rather than an event

Discussion: To create a successful revolution

Presentation content:
1. Introduction
(Luke)
1.1 Sum.
Gandhi
(Clara)
1.2 Sum.
The Battle of the Algiers
(Rodrigo)
1.3 Sum.
Ché: Part One
(Nermin)
1.4 Sum.
Malcom X
(Linnea)
2. Analysis
2.1
Orientalism
(Nermin)
2.2
Cultural, structural, direct violence
(Rodrigo)
2.3
Violence and legitimacy of power
(Luke)
2.4
Violent resistance and liberation
(Clara)
3. Conclusion: Different views of revolution
(Linnea)
4. Questions
Group 4: Resistance, Insurgency and Revolution
Frantz Fanon (July 20th 1925 – December 6th 1961)

-
Arendt
: positive >< Fanon: negative

- Algerian, member of NLF (National Liberation Front)
-
Fanon
:
"Total liberation is that which corncerns all sectors of the personality"

- Effects of colonial war and violence
Decolonization of the mind

- Colonial language/discourse is
violent

-
Malcom X
:
"Civil disobedience is not enough"

4. Questions
ANY QUESTIONS?

Group 4: Resistance Insurgency and Revolution
Linnea Dietrichson
Nermin Nerm'd Nerrie Elagouz
Luke Elkes
Rodrigo Guimarães de Souza
Clara Dybbroe Viltoft

Thank you!

THE END



-"Us" & "them"

- British colonialization in India & South Africa

- French colonialization in Algeria

- American imperialism in Cuba

- Black people in America

Violence
Full transcript