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Lance Armstrong Blood Doping Scandal
Transcript of Lance Armstrong Blood Doping Scandal
Professional Ethics-Gaining an unfair advantage over honest athletes-unethical on the athlete and the doctors' part
Performance enhancement: Naturally "Blood-doping" (and legal too!)- training at high altitudes, hypobaric tents/chambers History of Cycling The first bike invented was wooden and made with iron tires.
The first recorded bike race took place on May 31, 1868. In Pare de ST. Cloud, paris. The 1.2 km Jaunt was won by englishmen James Moore. He was 19 when he won the race.
The first tour de france was in 1903 it took nineteen days and had six stages from Paris to lyon, merseille, toulouse, bordeaux, Nontes and back to paris (1500 miles).
The sport has grown more than 140 years after moores triumph, Road cycling events drew a huge crowd and an enormous tv audience from around the world.
Road cycling didnt feature at the paris 1900, St louis 1904 or london 1908 games. But has appeared in every game since 1912. The current status as of Lance Armstrong and his admitting to blood doping, has hit the headlines in a numerous amount,of places worldwide. And has sparked his name in media all over as well, being stripped of 7 tour de France titles, which for a professional road bike racers is the toughest race on the circuit for this sport. The United States anti-doping agency’s decision to strip seven-time tour de France champion Lance Armstrong of his cycling titles on Friday 9/7/12, Also, the USADA has made the decision to strip Armstrong from his victories as well as banning him from the sport after he refused to begin the USADA’s arbitration process.
As of October 25, 2012 Lance Armstrong stepped down as chairman of LIVESTRONG. Nike stopped Sponsoring him after stating they were mislead by lance. He has been stripped of all his tour de france wins. When the scandal came out, 20 out of 21 other teammates admitted to him blood doping and said they themselves were blood doping as well. Current Status The main concern with Lance Armstrong’s case is that he is the icon in cycling. He has had 7 tour de france gold medals, survived cancer, and has created the lance Armstrong foundation. The fact that he has been caught doping puts a bad name on cycling as a whole. “Professional cycling has been rocked by several major scandals over the past few years. Some of the riders at the very top of the sport have been taken down by accusations of cheating and critics say cycling’s image is tarnished beyond repair.” (About.com) Doping has been an ongoing issue in the sport of cycling. Some of the world’s top cyclists such as Jan Ullrich have had their medals stripped from them from doping. The use of doping has gone up mainly among cyclists and as a result it has created a bad name for the sport. Doping creates moral and ethical issues. It also affects those who have supported certain riders and who have been role models to people. “Lance Armstrong stands on the highest podium of heroes who inspire middle-age men and women to get off their duffs and sweat.” (Forbes.com) Times back in the 90’s for hill climbs were actually better than they were in the 2 thousands. The use of these drugs back in the 90’s was at an all time high. Once the USADA starting cracking down in 2000 most riders stopped the use of these enhancement drugs and as a result their hill climb times got slower. You would think with the new advancements with cycles, nutrition, and work out plans that the cyclists would get faster. It just goes to show how effective doping really is in the sport of cycling and how it not only affects their personal career but also the people who ride around them and look up to them. Concerns or Issues Associated with The Event Blood doping Blood doping is the act of adding red blood cells to an individual’s bloodstream. The reason for red blood cells is because they carry oxygen, and increase of oxygen in the bloodstream raises the supply of oxygen available to muscle. Muscle performs more efficiently which increases athletic endurance. This benefits cyclists, swimmers, and long distance runners. They are the ones who use the most oxygen and would get the most out of it.
There are two ways to this method. The oldest form involves getting fresh blood and extracting the oxygen carrying the red blood cells. The other way is hormone injection.
Red blood cell transfusions are detected in tests looking for the presence of organic molecules know as plasticizers, These molecules are shed from the IV bags.
Erythropoietin is used by athletes to increase red blood cell counts in a less noticeable way. Erythropoietin is protein that stimulates the production of red blood cells. Erythropoietin is normally produced by the kidneys, with the hormone binding to receptors in the blood marrow and increases red blood cell production.
Catching blood dopers who use erythropoietin is tricky, as increased levels EPO can only be detected in the first few days after injection. Urine tests look for the differences between Pharmaceutical EPO and athlete’s own EPO.
Increasing the amount of red blood cells comes with a risk. Blood doping can cause blood clots much more likely and increasing the risk of stroke. “For two years, I took EPO, growth hormone, anabolic steroids, testosterone, amphetamine. Just about everything. That was part of the job.” - Erwan Mentheour, Cyclist