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Mary Ainsworth Psychology
Transcript of Mary Ainsworth Psychology
The terms Secure, Insecure, and Avoidant attachment are used today to determine infant-caregiver relationships, adult relationships and even the relationship between children and their kindergarten teacher. The participants used in this experiment were a mixed group of girl and boy infants from 100 middle classed American families aged between 12 and 18 months old. As with the previous reunion, the mother comes back into the room and comforts the child, and the stranger exits. 8. Second reunion: Mother re-enters and the stranger leaves The stranger re-enters the room and tries to comfort the child. 7. Stranger returns Again, the mother exits the room, leaving the child all alone in the room, which again will cause some distress. 6. Second Seperation: Mother leaves the room As the mother re-enters, the stranger will leave. The mother will console the child, hopefully ending their distress. Researches will observe the babies reaction at this stage. 5. First Reunion: Mother re-enters and the stranger leaves The mother exits the room leaving the child with the stranger, which, generally speaking, leaves the infant in distress, so the stranger can attempt to comfort them. 4. First Separation: Mother leaves the room. The stranger enters the room and sits down in the other chair, not engaging with the mother or baby, but after a few minutes, the stranger tries to intercat with the child. 3. Strange Adult enters the room Once settled in, the mother stops playing with the child and sits in one of the chairs. The infant is left to explore the room freely and continue playing with the toys on their own. 2. Baby is left to Explore The mother and baby are shown into the experimental room, whic has two chairs and a range of toys for the infant to play with. As they settle, the mother plays with her baby. The hypothesis for this experiment was supported with the results obtained showing this, because when the mother left the child became distressed and despite the efforts of the stranger to calm the infant it was only when the mother returned that they stopped crying. The strange situation has been widely acclaimed throughout society because it seems to allow researchers to identify and measure the security of infant attachment, and was accepted methodology worldwide for measuring attachment.
Children who have secure attachment experience negative effects from day care, while insecurely attached infants appeared to benefit from being out of home and into day care. The dependent variable that was identified was the child's reaction to the stranger walking in the room based in their mother child bond. The participants in the Strange Situation experiment were selected from 100 middle classed American families using random sampling. Ainsworth suggested that behaviour in the strange situation classification was determined by the behaviour of the primary carer. Examples include securely attached infants are associated with sensitive and responsive primary care. Insecure ambivalent attached infants are associated with inconsistent primary care. And insecure avoidant infants are associated with unresponsive primary care. Ainsworths findings also provided the first empirical evidence for bowlbys attachment theory. The experiment has also been criticised on ethical grounds, because the child is put under stress, the stress caused by separation and stranger anxiety, the study has broken the ethical guideline protection of participants. 3 Types of Attachment