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Green Chemistry: 12 Principles Mind Map

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Jameela Joseph

on 12 October 2013

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Transcript of Green Chemistry: 12 Principles Mind Map

2. Atom Economy
Synthetic methods should be designed to use all the materials possible into the final product.
Green Chemistry: 12 Principles Mind Map
4. Designing Safer Chemicals
Manufacture chemicals designed to cause little or no harm to the environment and it’s inhabitants but still produce the same efficacy
8. Reduce Derivatives
Pin point the exact place where the reaction takes place and confine the process to just that area thereby reducing the need for additional "accessory" chemicals.
6. Design for Energy Efficiency
7. Use of Renewable Feedstocks
Use recycled materials to reduce the need for new feedstock
What Is GreenChemistry
Green Chemistry is the field of chemistry that revolves around trying to find environmentally safe substances to replace the dangerous substances we use in our daily lives. Green Chemists develop chemicals that will essentially reduce or even eliminate the waste that is causing harm to our environment. Green chemistry has divided itself into 12 main principles: prevention, atom economy, less hazardous chemical synthesis, designing safer chemicals, safer solvents and auxiliaries, design for energy efficiency, use of renewable feedstocks, produce derivatives, catalysis, design for degradation, real-time analysis for pollution prevention, and inherently safer chemistry for accident prevention.
Lessens pollution
By cutting back on electricity, fossil fuels do not need to be burned to create the electricity thereby less pollution in released into the ozone.
Cost 's Less Money
By designing for energy efficiency, you spent less money on energy bills.
Uses Less Resources
Because you are cutting back on electricity, the resources used to produce electricity are not needed therefore not extinguishing a natural resource, such as oil, from the environment.
Less Toxins in the Environment
If the chemical waste is less toxic to the environment, then the environment will be able to continue to provide for humans and animals as nature intended.
Profit for Continuing Green Chemistry
If you create less hazardous materials, then the area of what would have been a toxic dump site will increase habitability which means more money for the economy to continue with green chemistry.
Less Cleanup
By creating less toxic materials, the cleanup that will eventually occur will be simpler and less expensive. This will all add up to more money to fund green efforts and protect the environment.
By requiring less chemicals, or derivatives, in the manufacture of the intended product(s), you avoid adding extra waste to the ecosystem and in turn help the environment.
Less Energy
Less energy is needed for the reaction because you are eliminating the use of derivatives by using alternatives such as target specific enzymes. This is turn, uses less fossil fuels that would pollute the air.
Eliminating the need of derivatives and blocking agents, leads to a reduction in the potential pollution produced in the production of those derivatives.
Conserves Resources
By reusing resources that have already been taken from the environment, you reduce the need to remove more non-renewable feedstock from the environment.
Fewer Emissions Produced
You need less energy to create an object using renewable resources so in turn, less emissions from factories are released into the air
Less Waste
By using up all the materials possible, you are throwing out less toxins into the environment which could harm nature.
Get the Most out of Your Money
By using the material economically (spending less on materials), you can make more money where the profit of which can be re-invested into the green chemistry field
10. Design for Degradation
Create product that will eventually degrade to be harmless to the environment i.e. bio-degradable.
Animal Safety
By end products, such as containers, degrading, they "disappear" reducing the risk of ingestion by animals. This also reduces the chance of an animal becoming stuck in a synthetic and potentially dangerous material.
Sources
Environmental Protection Agency. (n.d.). Twelve Principles of Green Chemistry | Science Matters | US EPA. US Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved October 6, 2013, from http://www.epa.gov/sciencematters/june20

Sector, B. (n.d.). Basics of Green Chemistry | Green Chemistry | US EPA. US Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved October 6, 2013, from http://www2.epa.gov/green-chemistry/basics-green-chemistry#definition

The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry*. (n.d.). Welcome to GreenCentre Canada | GreenCentre Canada. Retrieved October 12, 2013, from http://www.greencentrecanada.com/green-chemistry/principles-of-green-chemistry.php#sthash.0NqriHJM.dpuf

Anastas, P. T., & Warner, J. C. (n.d.). ACS Green Chemistry Institute. American Chemical Society. Retrieved October 6, 2013, from http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/greenchemistry/about/principles/12-principles-of-green-chemistry.html



Cost less money
In most cases, it costs less to produced recycled products then to create another from scratch. This money can be used to protect the environment in many different ways for example, reforesting land.
Less Waste
The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry
1. Prevention
2. Atom Economy
3. Less Hazardous Chemical Syntheses
4. Designing Safer Chemicals
5. Safer Solvents and Auxiliaries
6. Design for Energy Efficiency
7. Use of Renewable Feedstocks
8. Reduce Derivatives
9. Catalysis
10. Design for Degradation
11. Real-time Analysis for Pollution Prevention
12. Inherently Safer Chemistry for Accident Prevention
Less Waste in Landfills
If products degrade, then the space in landfills will free up and we will not have to clear more land for new dump sites.
Less Dangerous Fuels
Biodegradable materials cause less fuels to be produced as opposed to non-degradable plastics which need a lot of energy to produce and dispose of. This will reduce our negative impact on the ozone.
Less Resources Used
By using all the materials possible, you create a larger quantity of substance that you can use other than getting rid of the products that are useless to the function and using up more resources to get the same quantity
When creating products, use the least amount of energy possible
Reduces the Carbon Footprint
Full transcript