Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

The U.S. Constitution

No description
by

Robert Velez

on 16 November 2017

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The U.S. Constitution

The U.S. Constitution
U.S. Constitution
A constitution:

* outlines the organization of government

* grants power

* serves as a symbol
U.S. Constitution
A little history . . .
U.S. Constitution
SINGLE, INDEPENDENT EXECUTIVE
U.S. Constitution
The U.S. Constitution
Constitutionalism: limiting governmental power by a written charter
U.S. Constitution
26th amendment: voting age 18 (1971)
U.S. Constitution
U.S. Constitution
Formal constitutional amendment has only happened 17 times since the Bill of Rights (first ten amendments)
U.S. Constitution
WE THE PEOPLE, Ginsburg, et al., ch.2
All 50 states have their own constitutions as well
"Its a living thing . . . "
Includes 'intangibles', "clues to the political ideas . . . in a nation."
Consider:
* English colonies established in America since early 1600's

* 6/7/1776 - Richard Henry Lee (VA) proposes resolution for independence
* 12 states accepted
* Declaration of Independence 7/4/1776

* Independence was NOT a 'done deal'
A little history . . .
* July 1776: Articles of Confederation introduced

* Nov 1777: Congress approved Articles

* May 1779: 12 states 'assent'
Articles of Confederation
Features:
* state autonomy
* equal representation
* limited central government
* no separate executive
* extremely difficult to amend
Weaknesses:
* insufficient power for central government
* too much state power
U.S. Constitution
SEPT 1786: Annapolis convention

FEB 1787: Congress authorizes the Philadelphia convention

MAY 1787: Convention commences
- delegates adopt a 'rule of secrecy'
- Virginia plan
- New Jersey plan

Dispute: representation in the states
The Great Compromise
Delegates from Connecticut

* numerical representation in lower house

* equal representation in upper house
ALSO: the "three-fifths compromise"
Sept 28, 1787: Congress resolves articles unanimously to be sent to states for ratification

June 21, 1788: 9th state ratifies
* June 25 & 26: Virginia & New York ratify

Sept 13, 1788: date set for electors to choose president

April 1789: First Congress convenes

1790: SCOTUS constituted

1791: Bill of Rights
Features of U.S. Constitution
Republican: people elect representatives to make decisions

Divided powers: checks & balances

Federalism: power vertically divided between federal and state governments
Generally, the popular vote prevails
BUT . . .
1824: J. Q. Adams -v- A. Jackson

1876: R. B. Hayes -v- S. J. Tilden

1888: B. Harrison -v- G. Cleveland

2000: G. W. Bush -v- A. Gore

2016: D. Trump -v- H. Clinton
FEATURES (not bugs!)

* brevity

* elasticity

* procedure over substance
Amendments that never made it:
Equal Rights Amendment
Full transcript