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Russian Revolution & Animal Farm
Transcript of Russian Revolution & Animal Farm
(1868-1918) King/Tsar of Russia from 1894-1917
His reign turned Russia from a global power to a country plauged by economic & military turmoil.
Uninformed about the terrible conditions of the Russian people, esp. the peasants (proletariat)
Cruel & greedy leader killing many opponents & living a life of excess while many starved. A change was necessary... Sick of the Tsar and his corrupt government, the desperate people of Russia put their fate in the revolutionary leader Valdimir Lenin. Valdimir Lenin (1870-1924) Strongly believed in the Socialist (Communist) ideals of German-born Karl Marx.
Lenin, promising "Land, Bread, and Peace", was supported by the majority of the downtrodden Russian people.
After two battles the Bolsheviks (Communists) led by Lenin and his two allies Joseph Stalin & Leon Trotsky took over Russia changing its name to the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics).
Lenin died in 1924 before his communist ideals could become a full reality.
After Lenin's death his two allies, Stalin and Trotsky, struggled for power. Leon Trotsky (1879-1940) Founder and leader of the Red Army.
Major figure in the Bolshevik victory during the Russian Civil War.
Popular with the people b/c of his famous speeches and devotion to the cause.
Belived in industrialization and the world wide promotion of communism.
Defeated & exiled in 1929 by the underhanded politics of Stalin.
Assassinated in Mexico by order of Stalin. Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) Devious politician who worked behind the scenes to secure power.
Used the Pravada (newspaper/propaganda) and the KGB (secret police) to maintain control through fear & reward.
Adapted Trotsky's ideas on industrialization.
Under Stalin's tyrannical dictatorship there was much suffering.
Many problems in the country were blamed on Trotsky.
Anybody thought to be defying or rebelling against Stalin were imprisoned or killed.
The people of Stalin's Soviet Russia were no better off than the people of Imperial Russia led by the Tsar. Karl Marx (1818-1883) Wrote the Communist Manifesto (1848).
Believed that Socialism/Communism was the higest form of government.
Under Communism all property would be held by the people whom would all live as equals. Proletariat: A term used to identify a lower social class, usually the working class; a member of such a class is proletarian. Originally it was identified as those people who had no wealth other than their children. Pravda: a leading newspaper of the Soviet Union and an official organ of the Central Committee of the Communist Party between 1912 and 1991. KGB: was the national security agency of the Soviet Union from 1954 until 1991, and was the premier internal security, intelligence, and secret police organization during that time. KGB = The Dogs Pravda = Squealer Stalin = Napoleon Trotsky = Snowball Proletariat = Boxer/Animals Tsar Nicholas II = Mr. Jones Lenin/Marx = Old Major Communism = Animalism Can you determine the allegories? Allegory: A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.