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Canadian Achievements

History ISP
by

Sarah van der Laan

on 20 June 2013

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Transcript of Canadian Achievements

By: Sarah van der Laan
The Battle of Vimy Ridge: April 9-12th 1917
A defining moment in Canadian history.
All four Canadian divisions attacked together for the first time on April 9th at 5:30am. More than 15,000 Canadian troops overran the Germans on the front lines. Bravery and discipline allowed the infantry to continue even if officers had been killed. The highest and most important feature of the Ridge known as Hill 145 is where the Vimy monument now stands. It was captured in a charge against machine-gun positions. Three more days of costly battle delivered final victory. This Canadian success was very important because it was the first time all divisions of the Canadian army fought together, men from all regions were present. This battle proved that Canadians had the ability to plan and execute a successful assault just as well as any other nation. This victory had a heavy cost: 3,598 Canadians were killed and another 7,000 wounded. Vimy became a symbol for the sacrifice of the young Dominion.
"In those few minutes I witnessed the birth of a nation."
BGen A.E. Ross
Vimy Ridge
Memorial
Canadian Achievements
Toronto
The Discovery of Insulin
In October 1920 in Toronto, Canada, Dr. Frederick Banting, had an idea.
The Statute of
Westminster

It is a British law clarifying the powers of Canada's parliament and other Dominions. It grants the former colonies full legal freedom except in places where they choose to remain a colony of the British Empire.
The Battle of Normandy
Early in 1921, Banting took his idea to Professor John Macleod at the University of Toronto, who was a leading figure in the study of diabetes in Canada. Banting managed to convince him that his idea was worth trying. Macleod gave Banting a laboratory with a minimum of equipment and ten dogs. Banting also got an assistant, a medical student by the name of Charles Best. The experiment was set to start in the summer of 1921.
In January 1922 in Toronto, Canada, a 14-year-old boy, Leonard Thompson, was chosen as the first person with diabetes to receive insulin. The test was a success. Leonard, who before the insulin shots was near death, rapidly regained his strength and appetite.
The Statute was passed by the British Parliament
on December 11, 1931 at the Palace of Westminster
(the place where the two houses of the British
Parliament meet), London, United Kingdom.
It gave Canadians and other Dominions
complete freedom to make their own laws
and make their own way in the world.
Britain also recognized that Britain and the
Dominions were constitutionally "equal in
status". Britain recognized the legislative
autonomy of all of its Dominions and colonies.
Canadian troops of the 3rd Infantry Division, 2nd Armoured Brigade, and No. 48 (Royal Marine) Commando would attack at Juno Beach in this elaborate plan to liberate parts of Europe that had been over run by Hilter and the Nazis.
In 1944, a majority of Europe and now France was under Adolph Hitler's control. The solution that the Allies had come up with was to invade Normandy. A surprise attack which would form grounds to take back Europe from German control.
Despite being one of the most difficult landings, by the end of the day forces at Juno Beach had travelled the furthest into France.
Of the 14,000 young Canadian men that landed on the beach on June 6th, 340 were killed and another 574 wounded.
This is a significant Canadian achievement because it was another victory for Canada, they defined odds on the hardest landing site and did not retreat. They advanced farther then all other Allies on June 6th.
Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland joined confederation on March 31st, 1949
After World War 2, relationships between Canada and Newfoundland improved. The referendums held in 1948 showed that a majority of Newfoundlanders agreed to join confederation.
Finally, on March 31st 1949, Newfoundlanders became Canadian citizens. Newfoundland was one of the oldest British colonies, and had become Canada's newest province
Newfoundland and Labrador joining Canada is a very significant event in our history. It united Canada from coast to coast. Newfoundlanders were completely willing to indulge in the Canadian culture and be a part of our great nation.
Canadian Flag
In 1963, when newly elected Prime Minister Lester Pearson promised to make good on his election promise to give Canada its own, distinct national flag, few would have guessed that the final choice would bear symbols of neither France nor England.
In 1964, Prime Minister Pearson appointed a committee to develop an official flag for Canada.
On February 15th, 1965 Canada adopted the Maple Leaf as its official symbol for its flag. The new flag was proclaimed in a ceremony on Parliament Hill. The flag was designed by George Stanley and John Matheson and based on the flag of the Royal Military College of Canada.
The Beginning of
Something New
The Charter of Rights
and Freedoms
Developing a flag for our nation was significant and important to Canadian history because it gave Canada an independent look and separated us from Britain. During this time Quebec's separatists were gaining public support and by unifying Canada with a flag it changed their minds. It was the glue that kept Canadians together and motivated them to better their country.
A right is something that is given to you. It is something that we are all entitled to. A freedom is the ability to do something free from other peoples control or illegal interference by the government.
The Charter is a document that reinforces the fundamental rights necessary in a free and democratic society. It was created because of the injustices committed during WW2 and because many groups were being discriminated against such as women, aboriginals, and visible minorities
The Charter is divided into the following sections:
Enforcement
General
Application to Charter
Citation
Guarantee of Rights and Freedoms
Fundamental Freedoms
Democratic Rights
Mobility Rights
Legal Rights
Equality Rights
Official Languages of Canada
The first part of the Constitutional Act was put in effect in April 17, 1982
The Charter of Rights and Freedoms is important to Canadian history because it has been the driving force of change, progress and the affirmation of our society's values. This document ensures and protects the fundamental rights of Canadians and legally confirms that everyone in Canada is to be treated equally.
Throughout the twentieth century Canada has achieved so much and in my presentation I have only listed 7 of the greatest. Canada was a thieving nation in the nineteen hundreds and will continue to grow and develop over the next century!
Bibliography
A) Vimy Ridge
http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/vimy/index_e.shtml
https://www.historica-dominion.ca/content/heritage-minutes/vimy-ridge
B) Insulin
http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/insulin/discovery-insulin.html
http://www.diabeteshome.ca/what-is-insulin.php
C) Statute of Westminster
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/statute-of-westminster
http://www.canadashistory.ca/Magazine/Online-Extension/Articles/Moment-December-11,-1931
D) Invasion of Normandy
http://www.members.shaw.ca/junobeach/
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/normandy-invasion
E) Newfoundland and Labrador
http://www.ucs.mun.ca/~melbaker/confederation1949.htm
http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/kids/023002-2110-e.html
F) Canadian Flag
http://www.canadianheritage.gc.ca/progs/cpsc-ccsp/sc-cs/df3-eng.cfm
http://www.fraser.cc/FlagsCan/Nation/CanFlag.html
http://www.canadianflaghistory.com/
G) Charter of Rights and Freedom
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/canadian-charter-of-rights-and-freedoms
http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/right
http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/freedom
http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/pdp-hrp/canada/frdm-eng.cfm
The Statute of Westminster is a significant document in Canadian history. This is because it gave Canada freedom to rule its own citizens. Canada would still keep ties with its mother nation Britain but it would be a self governed democratic country.
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