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Pericles' Plan for Athens
Transcript of Pericles' Plan for Athens
Increased the number of public officials who were paid salaries.
Direct democracy- a from of government inwhich citizens rule directly and not through representatives, was an important legacy of Periclean Athens.
In time, Athens took over leadership of the league and dominated all the city-states in it.
Athenian military might allowed Pericles to treat other members of the Delian League as part of the empire.
More money was paid to the artists, architects and wokers who used these materials.
Drama and History
Invented drama as an art form and built the first theaters in the west.
Greeks wrote two kinds of drama-tragedy and comedy.
Tragedy was a serious drama about common themes such as love,hate,war, or betrayal.
Three notable dramatists were Aeschylus,Sophocles and Euripides.
Comedy contained scenes filled with slapstick situations and crude humor.
The epic poems of Homer recount series, but are not accurate recordings of what took place.
Had amazing deisigned theatres.
23,000 square-foot building in the traditional style taht had been used to create Greek temples for 200 years.
They wanted to portray ideal beauty, not realism.
Sculptors were aimed to create figures that were graceful,strong, and perfectly formed.
Set standards for future generations of artists around the world.
Their values of harmony,order,balance, and proportion became the standard of what is called classical art.
Athenians and Spartans go to war
Peloponnesian war , Athens had the stronger navy and Sparta had the stronger army.
Eventually, the Spartans marched into Athenian territory.
They swept over the countryside, burning the Athenian food supply.
2nd year of the war a frightful plague swept through the city, killing about 1/3 of the population,including Pericles.
In 415B.C. the Athenians sent a huge fleet carrying more than 20,000 soldiers to the island of Sicily.
Philosophers Search for Truth
Philosophers, meaning ''lovers of wisdom.''
One critic of the Sophists was Socrates.
A student of Socrates, Pluto was in his late 20's when his teacher died.
The philosopher Aristotle questioned the nature of the world and of human belief, thought, and knowledge.
One of Aristotle's most famous pupils was Alexander, son of King Philip the second of Macedonia.
Glorious Art and Architecture