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Single State Leaders

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Paulina Sicius

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of Single State Leaders

Single State Leaders
Comparison: Hitler vs. Nyerere
Structure and organization of government and administration

Hitler: supposed to be very organized and discipline
-Was not; ministries and departments competed for influence
-Party structure and hierarchy was considered more important then the governmental structure
Nyerere: Organized government
-Socialist state
Both: Police states
- all other leaders were subordinate to the head of state

Julius Nyerere
Adolf Hitler
Structure and organization of government and administration
Organized government & economy into a socialist state, according to the Arusha Declaration
Closely followed Mao Zedong's ideologies
Introduced ujamaa (translates to "family hood"), it was the agricultural collectivization
He was prime minister and then elected "president"
When he became president, established a single party in Tanzania
Police state
Political, economic, social and religious policies
All policies were based on the "Ujamaa concept"
Political: Created a one-party system under the leadership of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU)
Institutionalization of all political and economic sectors of the country
Creation of a "centralized democracy" (only one party, so practically a dictatorship)
"Villagization" of production, resettlement of people by the government into designated villages, went along with collectivization plan.
Biggest aim of policies was to make Tanzania self-reliant and independent from Europe.
Uniting all Tanzanians, rid of the idea of tribes and focus on people becoming part of the country, mostly done through implementing the nationwide Swahili language.

Role of education, the arts, the media, propaganda
Education: required primary
Education used to spread ujamaa principles
Used to also implement Swahili among the people
Nyerere made certain aspects of culture illegal such as: soul music, unapproved movies and magazines, tight pants, and mini skirts and shorts.
Hip hop music was approved and spread rapidly through the country, using Neyrere as theme
Status of women, treatment of religious groups and minorities
Nyerere was very against Europeans and western culture
Welcomed Chinese culture and other cultures.
"A nation which refuses to learn from foreign cultures is nothing but a nation of idiots and lunatics...[but] to learn from other cultures does not mean we should abandon our own."
Believed that socialism led to an end of discrimination, wanted equality of all human beings, including women.
Structure and organization of government and administration
Political, economic, social and religious policies
Role of education, the arts, the media, propaganda
Status of women, treatment of religious groups and minorities
-The structure is supposed to be very organized and disciplined. However this was a myth.
-On the contrary, it was really just a government in which ministries and departments competed for influence.
-the belief was that the party structure and hierarchy was way more important than any governmental structure
-local leaders; were appointed by Hitler and called Gauleiters . They were subordinate to Hitler’s orders in certain areas.
-Some examples include: Reich ministry for propaganda and public enlightenment, Reich justice ministry and people’s court, Reich interior ministry ect.

-"VolksmeinPrepare Germany for Warschaft" ; Hitler wanted to eliminate the classes and work for “the greater good of the nation”
-Hitler believed in social Darwinism
-Hitler wanted to eliminate any non- Nazi Influences
-Hitler did everything to win the support of the population, and eliminated those that thought otherwise
-With that being said, he shaped the minds of the youth to support him which would be the important minds the day of tomorrow
-he also kept a huge focus on shaping the ideology of the women, with the traditional view of a woman’s role taking place within the home
-in terms of economy his main goals were to rebuild the German economy
-Hitler wanted to Prepare Germany for War
-Hitler kept a good focus on the military and his foreign policies
-After Hitler, the Nazi ideology did not continue as the way to rule

-Hitler view the youth as the important future generation and focused on shaping their ideology to support his views
-the teachers were controlled and closely monitored :nazifying. All others were killed.
-97% of teachers joined the Nazi Teacher's League in 1937
-Nazi ideology was taught two hours a day through selective textbooks
-Ended up creating ignorant poor quality students who knew of nothing else other than the Nazi view
-the purpose of art, was to reject internationalism and glorify the values of Nazism and the pure race
-media transformed from being a source of information to propaganda
-the media was controlled by Nazi and only reflected what they selectively chose to express

-The Nazis believed the blonde-haired, blue-eyed Nordic Germans was a race superior to all others. Other races were inferior, and leveled.
-the main objective was to have a pure race and keep it that way. Aryans with Aryans only.
-the idea was that inferior races should be captured and used for service to the superior race
-minority groups such as Jews, homosexuals, gypsies, the mentally ill were persecuted.
-the Jews were blamed for all the economic problems
-it was believed that women lacked logic, and were ruled by emotion, therefore they could not think and could only stay home and serve the home and family.
-a woman’s main responsibility was having “genetically pure” children

Political, economic, social and religious policies

Hitler: wanted to eliminate all classes and have everyone work for the good of the nation
-Believer of social Darwinism
-Wanted to eliminate any outside influences
- used Propaganda to win the support of the public
- Up held the view that women belonged in the home
-His main goal economically was to re build Germany’s economy
Nyerere: Creation of a “centralized democracy”
-“Villagization” – the resettlement of people by the government into designated villages
Both: Tried to unite their people under one strong nationalistic state
- Had only one party

Role of education, the arts, the media, propaganda

Hitler: Focused on youth
- Most teachers joined the Nazi Teachers League
- Brainwashing techniques- reinforced the Nazi ideologies for two hours everyday in schools
- Art rejected internationalism and glorified Nazi values as well as what was to be considered the ‘pure’ race
- Media was controlled by the Nazis
- Censorship
Nyerere: Soul music was made illegal but hip hop music was approved and spread
through out the country
Both: Education was used as a brainwashing technique to reinforce the Nazi and Ujamaa
ideologies and principles
- Used censorship, all newspapers, books, movies ect. Had to be approved by the government first

Status of Women, Treatment of religious groups and minorities

Hitler: Blonde hair and blue eyed Germans were thought to be superior to all other races
- The main objective was to maintain a solid pure race (Aryans)
- Other inferior races were thought to be only useful for providing services to the superior race
- Economic problems were blamed on minorities such as the Jews, Homosexuals, gypsies and those who were mentally ill
- Widely believed that women lacked logic and were only ruled by emotion
- A woman’s responsibility was to produce genetically pure children
Nyerere: Very against western culture
- Accepted Chinese influences
- Wanted an end to discrimination and thought that this could be achieved through a socialism
- Strived for equality
Both: Believed they could achieve their goals through the government and institutions

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