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Transcript of Abyssinian Crises
Italy entering an economic depression.
The war was meant to unite the Italian
Benito Mussolini planned to secure a
territory in North Africa
Abyssinia annexed by Italy.
League of Nations loses credibility.
Failed to aid Abyssinia in their time of need.
Failed to punish Italy properly.
March 1, 1896
Battle of Adowa
Abyssinian troops defeat Italian invasion
Abyssinia maintains independence
Italy is humililated
Italy advocates for Abyssinia to join the League of Nations.
They join September 28, 1923.
Italo-Abyssinian Treaty of Friendship
Both Italy and Abyssinia signed the Kellog-Briand pact
Denounces war as an international policy
Halie Selassie I becomes Ras Tafari of Ethiopia
Italians build a garrison at Wal Wal.
Italians were increasing military presence.
1000 Ethiopian soldiers demand the fort be handed over
On December 5 there was a skirmish, approx. 50 soldiers dead.
Italo-Abyssian war, Italian forces invade Abyssinia
Italians capture Adawa.
Italy violated League of Nations by not formally declaring war.
Sanctions are instituted by the League of Nations upon Italy.
Embargoes on raw materials and arms. (Oil not included)
Other nations prohibited imports from Italy.
Italy continued their offensive, despite economic depression.
Created by British foreign secretary Samuel Hoare and French premier Pierre Laval.
Ethiopia was to give up most of their land for truce.
Haile Selassie visits the League of Nations in Geneva
Asks for aid, mentions Italy's use of poison gas.
Italians capture Addis Ababa
Ethiopia annexed to Italy
Italy gains ground in East Africa
Map of Abyssinia and Italian invasion plans.
Effects on International Relations
Alliance between the British, French, and Italians have collapsed.
Italy isolated from former allies, moved closer to Nazi Germany.
Clare, John D. "The Abyssinia Crisis 1935-1936." The Abyssinia Crisis 1935-1936. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://www.gcsehistory.org.uk/modernworld/appeasement/abyssiniacrisis.htm>.
"Abyssinian Crisis - IB History." Abyssinian Crisis - IB History. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <https://sites.google.com/a/centerforants.com/ib-contemporary-history/topics/second-world-war/origins-of-wwii/abyssinian-crisis>.
"The National Archives | Heroes & Villains | Mussolini & Abyssinia | Why Invade Abyssinia?" The National Archives | Heroes & Villains | Mussolini & Abyssinia | Why Invade Abyssinia? N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/heroesvillains/g3/cs1/>.