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ATS 2617 Lecture 12

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Taylor Spence

on 23 October 2014

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Transcript of ATS 2617 Lecture 12

ATS2617 The American Civil War
Presented by Taylor Spence
Lecture 12: Greater Reconstruction
Civil Rights Bill of 1875

"…That all persons within the jurisdiction of the United States shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, public conveyances on land or water, theaters, and other places of public amusement; subject only to the conditions and limitations established by law, and applicable alike to citizens of every race and color, regardless of any previous condition of servitude."

Frederick Jackson Turner's "Frontier Thesis," 1893
Hawaii Annexation, 1898
Spanish-American War, 1898
Reconstruction, ?-?
"Redemption," 1877
When does the war begin? When does it end?
Lincoln's Reconstruction, 1863-65, Louisiana
Installation of military governors
strong occupying military presence
amnesty in exchange for oath of allegiance (conciliation)
Louisiana had a large and well-educated African American population
State legislators would not give African Americans the vote
13th Amendment, 1865
officially outlawed slavery in the United States
Andrew Johnson's "Presidential Reconstruction," 1865-1868
even more conciliatory towards Southern elites than Lincoln's policies
emergence of the KKK
Radical Reconstruction, 1868-1877
Grant President
13th and 14th Amendments and Civil Rights Act ratified
1868 Enforcement Acts
1875 strengthed the 1866 Civil Rights Act
drafted the 15th Amendment

Today:
The two narratives of the course come together
a civil war
a war of conquest
The "imperial turn" in American History
from a colonial power to an imperial power
Race the primary organizing principal
Periodization
"Redemption" -- the term used for the processes by which Southern Democrats took back political power in the seceded states and established institutionalized white supremacy known as "Jim Crow" AKA American apartheid.
Aftermath Numbers:
620,000 deaths (360,000 USA and 260,000 CSA)
300,000 were wounded.
The South
lost 1/4 of its white men of military age
2/5 of its livestock
1/2 its farm machinery
thousands of miles of railroads.
2/3 of its wealth was destroyed.
1860 30% of the nation’s wealth had been in the South.
1865, it possessed only 12%.

The North experienced an economic boom.

"Redemption"
Why use this word? Why NOT use it?
Periodization -- 1877 to ? - 1964 maybe?
1883 Civil Rights Cases -- SCOTUS declares Civil Rights Acts unconstitutional because they impinged on state's rights
1894 -- Ida B. Wells, Tennessean, calls attention to an epidemic of lynching in the South in
A Red Record

1896 --
Plessy v. Ferguson
-- "Separate but equal" -- institutionalized racial segregation AKA American Apartheid
Full transcript