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introduction to N302
Transcript of introduction to N302
Characteristics of Disease
Principles of Diagnosis
(how disease develops)
Classifications of Disease
The History! (current illness, PMH, family, social, ROS)
Define common terms used to describe disease: lesions, organic and functional disease, symptomatic and asymptomatic disease, etiology, and pathogenesis
List major categories of human disease
Explain a practitioner's approach to making diagnoses and deciding on treatment
Describe various diagnostic tests and procedures that help practitioners
Principles of Diagnosis.
General Concepts of Disease:
Clinical Laboratory Tests
Tests of electrical activity
FUNCTIONAL - not associated with structural changes
ETIOLOGY (the cause)
Congenital and hereditary diseases
benign or malignant tumors
The Physical Examination
A young woman has a benign growth of cells on her thymus. This patient's condition would be classified as
an infectious disease
a neoplastic disease
DISEASE - any distrubance of the structure
or function of the body
DIAGNOSIS - Determining the nature
and cause of the illness
PROGNOSIS - probable outcome; outlook
Gross examination - with the naked eye
Histologic - with a microscope
A disease in which no morphologic abnormalities can be identified, despite a disruption of bodily function, is a/an
All of the above
Examining diseased tissue with the naked eye is called a ________ examination.
A disease caused by chromosomal damage at birth would be classified as:
Metabolic diseases are characterized by a degeneration of
various parts of the body.
Welcome to Nursing 302
Kathy Wilkinson, MSN, RN
A physician examines a patient and determines that the origin of the patient's condition was a giardia infection caused by drinking contaminated water. The physician's evaluation is called a
A diagnostic test that measures an organ or system's uptake and excretion through the use of a radioactive material is which type of test?
positron emission tomography
esophagoscopes, gastroscopes, cystoscopes, and sigmoidoscopes are all tools used for which type of examination?
A computed tomographic scan is a type of x-ray machine
The major clinical use of PET scans today is to examine
An MRI scan uses a magnetic field to align hydrogen protons within the water that naturally composes the patient's tissues.
Common types of cytologic and histologic examinations include:
A and B
Detects early asymptomatic disease amenable to treatment, resulting in hopeful preventing or minimizing late stage organ damage.
To be successful:
1. significant # in group at
2. suitable (relatively
3. early ID and treatment
will benefit health