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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

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Fathima Fowzdeen

on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)?
Behavior modification techniques and verbal interventions used on clients to alter their maladaptive ways of thinking

CBT is used on various types of disorders (such as depression, PTSD, and anxiety)

Specialized treatments are used to "correct habitual thinking errors" (Weiten & McCann, 2010)

Goal of CBT is to alter negative thoughts/beliefs that clients have (Weiten & McCann, 2010)
Thinking errors
All-or-nothing thinking
Overgeneralization
Mental Filter (selective abstraction)
Disqualifying the positive
Jumping to conclusions
Magnification & minimization
Emotional reasoning
Should statements
Labeling & mislabeling
Personalization
Theories
A, Beck
Negative cognitive triad -- negative views about themselves, their world and their future (Weiten & McCann, 2010)

M, Seligman
Learned helplessness model -- behavior occurs when one "gives up" due to unavoidable events (Weiten & McCann, 2010)
Theory of Mind
Theory of Mind (ToM) is the ability to be aware of the mental state of one's self and others - this helps to predict and explain behavior (Luther & Wagner, 2007

Allows a person to act accordingly, depending on the situation

Research in this field is mainly focused on children

Children who have a negative ToM may carry it onto adulthood - this leads to "thinking errors"

Cognitive theorists such as Beck have used CT/CBT to treat these adults who have a distorted ToM (Luther & Wagner, 2007)
Aaron Beck
"Most people are barely aware of the automatic thoughts which precede unpleasant feelings or automatic inhibitions." (Weiten & McCann, 2010)
D. Greenberger
Clinical psychologist practicing in Newport Beach, California

Founder and Director of the Anxiety and Depression Center

Trained by Aaron T. Beck, M.D. the father of cognitive therapy

Co-author of "Mind over Mood" (with Padesky)
Critiques
Only focuses on cognition, ignores other causes (such as biological, environmental, behavioral, etc)

Not everyone will accept other forms of thinking/change their way of thought (Luther, Allen, Gerber, & Luther, 2013)

CBT founded on idea that logic ("via talk therapy") will help change the way a person feels/thinks (Luther et al., 2013)

Butler et al. conducted a meta-analysis and found little evidence for long term efficacy (Luther et al., 2013)

CBT workshops encourage clients to buy CBT materials (Luther et al., 2013)

CBT may be offering false hope (Luther et al., 2013)

Question can be raised - was A. Beck trying to leave a legacy with his CBT theory? (Luther et al., 2013)
Cognitive Behavioral Treatments
Clients are taught how to detect automatic negative thoughts

With the help of the therapist, the client goes through how unrealistic each negative thought is

Treatments include techniques such as modeling, systematic monitoring of one's behavior, self-instructional training and behavioral rehearsal (Weiten & McCann, 2010)

Sometimes clients are given "homework"
References
Dr. Christine Padesky. Retrieved from http://www.cognitiveworkshops.com/Dr.Padesky.html

Luther, M. G., Allen, J.C., Gerber, J., & Luther, J.E. (2013). Meeting the Human Challenge: Transformation, Healing, and Recognizing the Zombies Living Amongst Us. 337-354.

Luther, M.G., Gamlin, P.J., Cook, S., & Wagner. G. (2007). Transforming Lives: Authentic Living and Learning. 143-162.

Meet Our Staff. Retrieved from http://www.anxietyanddepressioncenter.com/staff-cognitive-behavorial-therapy-orange-county-ca.htm

Mind over Mood – The Book. Retrieved from http://www.anxietyanddepressioncenter.com/book-mind-over-mood-depression-orange-county-ca.htm

Weiten, W., & McCann, D. (2007). Psychology: Themes & Variations. 2, 614-673.

"Mind over Mood"
Written by C. Padesky & D. Greenberger

Published in 1995

Translated into 22 languages

One of the best selling books in cognitive therapy

May be recommended to client by therapist

Guide for clients with mood disorders, anxiety, guilt, anger, etc

Website: http://mindovermood.com/
Example
C. Padesky
Considered one of the leading cognitive therapy workshop presenters in the world

Has presented workshops with Aaron Beck

In 1978, one of the earliest therapists to use CBT with depression

Co-author of "Mind over Mood" (with Greenberger)

Visit her website: www.padesky.com
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