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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Transcript of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)?
Behavior modification techniques and verbal interventions used on clients to alter their maladaptive ways of thinking
CBT is used on various types of disorders (such as depression, PTSD, and anxiety)
Specialized treatments are used to "correct habitual thinking errors" (Weiten & McCann, 2010)
Goal of CBT is to alter negative thoughts/beliefs that clients have (Weiten & McCann, 2010)
Mental Filter (selective abstraction)
Disqualifying the positive
Jumping to conclusions
Magnification & minimization
Labeling & mislabeling
Negative cognitive triad -- negative views about themselves, their world and their future (Weiten & McCann, 2010)
Learned helplessness model -- behavior occurs when one "gives up" due to unavoidable events (Weiten & McCann, 2010)
Theory of Mind
Theory of Mind (ToM) is the ability to be aware of the mental state of one's self and others - this helps to predict and explain behavior (Luther & Wagner, 2007
Allows a person to act accordingly, depending on the situation
Research in this field is mainly focused on children
Children who have a negative ToM may carry it onto adulthood - this leads to "thinking errors"
Cognitive theorists such as Beck have used CT/CBT to treat these adults who have a distorted ToM (Luther & Wagner, 2007)
"Most people are barely aware of the automatic thoughts which precede unpleasant feelings or automatic inhibitions." (Weiten & McCann, 2010)
Clinical psychologist practicing in Newport Beach, California
Founder and Director of the Anxiety and Depression Center
Trained by Aaron T. Beck, M.D. the father of cognitive therapy
Co-author of "Mind over Mood" (with Padesky)
Only focuses on cognition, ignores other causes (such as biological, environmental, behavioral, etc)
Not everyone will accept other forms of thinking/change their way of thought (Luther, Allen, Gerber, & Luther, 2013)
CBT founded on idea that logic ("via talk therapy") will help change the way a person feels/thinks (Luther et al., 2013)
Butler et al. conducted a meta-analysis and found little evidence for long term efficacy (Luther et al., 2013)
CBT workshops encourage clients to buy CBT materials (Luther et al., 2013)
CBT may be offering false hope (Luther et al., 2013)
Question can be raised - was A. Beck trying to leave a legacy with his CBT theory? (Luther et al., 2013)
Cognitive Behavioral Treatments
Clients are taught how to detect automatic negative thoughts
With the help of the therapist, the client goes through how unrealistic each negative thought is
Treatments include techniques such as modeling, systematic monitoring of one's behavior, self-instructional training and behavioral rehearsal (Weiten & McCann, 2010)
Sometimes clients are given "homework"
Dr. Christine Padesky. Retrieved from http://www.cognitiveworkshops.com/Dr.Padesky.html
Luther, M. G., Allen, J.C., Gerber, J., & Luther, J.E. (2013). Meeting the Human Challenge: Transformation, Healing, and Recognizing the Zombies Living Amongst Us. 337-354.
Luther, M.G., Gamlin, P.J., Cook, S., & Wagner. G. (2007). Transforming Lives: Authentic Living and Learning. 143-162.
Meet Our Staff. Retrieved from http://www.anxietyanddepressioncenter.com/staff-cognitive-behavorial-therapy-orange-county-ca.htm
Mind over Mood – The Book. Retrieved from http://www.anxietyanddepressioncenter.com/book-mind-over-mood-depression-orange-county-ca.htm
Weiten, W., & McCann, D. (2007). Psychology: Themes & Variations. 2, 614-673.
"Mind over Mood"
Written by C. Padesky & D. Greenberger
Published in 1995
Translated into 22 languages
One of the best selling books in cognitive therapy
May be recommended to client by therapist
Guide for clients with mood disorders, anxiety, guilt, anger, etc
Considered one of the leading cognitive therapy workshop presenters in the world
Has presented workshops with Aaron Beck
In 1978, one of the earliest therapists to use CBT with depression
Co-author of "Mind over Mood" (with Greenberger)
Visit her website: www.padesky.com